Automorphic Forms, Reprensentations, and L-Functions. Contains sections on Automorphic representations and L-functions as well as Arithmetical algebraic geometry and L-functions.Contributions to Group Theory This volume grew out of a desire by the editors to honor their teacher, Roger Lyndon, on the occasion of his sixty-fifth birthday. Five short articles about Lyndon and his contributions to mathematics, as well as twenty-seven invited research papers in combinatorial group theory and closely related areas are contained in this book. It is a tribute to Lyndon's mathematical breadth that papers covering such a wide array of topics are all closely related to the work he has done. Several of the articles fall into subfields of combinatorial group theory, areas in which much of the initial work was done by Lyndon. Remaining research articles fall into various subfields of homological groups, another area in which he has made major contributions. Research articles, written by some of the leading practitioners in the field, are listed below.There is a biographical essay about Lyndon by Kenneth Appel, and there are expository articles about his work by Saunders MacLane, John Ratcliffe, Jerome Keisler and Paul Schupp. MacLane describes the results in Lyndon's doctoral thesis and explains how they fit into the early history of spectral sequences while Ratcliffe presents Lyndon's fundamental work in cohomology of groups in the early part of his career. His work in logic, especially his fundamental results in model theory in the mid 1950s is discussed by Keisler. Lyndon's contribution to group theory over the past twenty years is described by Schupp.Locally Convex Spaces The present book grew out of several courses which I have taught at the University of Zurich and at the University of Maryland during the past seven years. It is primarily intended to be a systematic text on locally convex spaces at the level of a student who has some familiarity with general topology and basic measure theory. However, since much of the material is of fairly recent origin and partly appears here for the first time in a book, and also since some well-known material has been given a not so well-known treatment, I hope that this book might prove useful even to more advanced readers. And in addition I hope that the selection ofmaterial marks a sufficient set-offfrom the treatments in e.g. N. Bourbaki [4], [5], R.E. Edwards [1], K. Floret-J. Wloka [1], H.G.Garnir-M.De Wilde-J.Schmets [1], AGrothendieck [13], H.Heuser [1], J. Horvath [1], J. L. Kelley-I. Namioka et al. [1], G. Kothe [7], [10], A P. Robertson- W.Robertson [1], W.Rudin [2], H.H.Schaefer [1], F.Treves [l],A Wilansky [1]. A few sentences should be said about the organization of the book. It consists of 21 chapters which are grouped into three parts. Each chapter splits into several sections. Chapters, sections, and the statements therein are enumerated in consecutive fashion.Two-Generator Discrete Subgroups of Psl (2,R) (Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society) by Gilman, Jane published by Amer Mathematical Society Paperback ALGEBRA LINEAL STANLEY I. *GROSSMANA Treatise on the Line Complex Jessop C. M. (Charles Minsha 1861-1939Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.Complex Manifolds and Hyperbolic Geometry: II Iberoamerican Congress on Geometry, January 4-9, 2001, Cimat, Guanajuato, Mexico Mexico) Iberoamerican Congress on Geometry 2001 (Guanajuato, William Harvey, Sevin Recillas-PishmishThis volume derives from the second Iberoamerican Congress on Geometry, held in 2001 in Mexico at the Centro de Investigacion en Matematicas A.C., an internationally recognized program of research in pure mathematics. The conference topics were chosen with an eye toward the presentation of new methods, recent results, and the creation of more interconnections between the different research groups working in complex manifolds and hyperbolic geometry. This volume reflects both the unity and the diversity of these subjects. Researchers around the globe have been working on problems concerning Riemann surfaces, as well as a wide scope of other issues: the theory of Teichmuller spaces, theta functions, algebraic geometry and classical function theory. Included here are discussions revolving around questions of geometry that are related in one way or another to functions of a complex variable.There are contributors on Riemann surfaces, hyperbolic geometry, Teichmuller spaces, and quasiconformal maps. Complex geometry has many applications - triangulations of surfaces, combinatorics, ordinary differential equations, complex dynamics, and the geometry of special curves and jacobians, among others. In this book, research mathematicians in complex geometry, hyperbolic geometry and Teichmuller spaces will find a selection of strong papers by international experts.Solitons, Nonlinear Evolution Equations and Inverse Scattering M. A. Ablowitz, P. A. ClarksonThis book brings together several aspects of soliton theory currently available only in research papers. Emphasis is given to the multi-dimensional problems which arise and includes inverse scattering in multi-dimensions, integrable nonlinear evolution equations in multi-dimensions and the dbar method.Solitons and the Inverse Scattering Transform Mark J. Ablowitz, Harvey SegurA study of the inverse scattering transform and its application to problems of nonlinear dispersive waves that arise in fluid dynamics, plasma physics, nonlinear optics, particle physics, crystal lattice theory, nonlinear circuit theory and other areas.Topics in the Theory of Riemann Surfaces Robert D.M. AccolaThe book's main concern is automorphisms of Riemann surfaces, giving a foundational treatment from the point of view of Galois coverings, and treating the problem of the largest automorphism group for a Riemann surface of a given genus. In addition, the extent to which fixed points of automorphisms are generalized Weierstrass points is considered. The extremely useful inequality of Castelnuovo- Severi is also treated. While the methods are elementary, much of the material does not appear in the current texts on Riemann surfaces, algebraic curves. The book is accessible to a reader who has had an introductory course on the theory of Riemann surfaces or algebraic curves.Moduli of Abelian Varieties Allan Adler, Sundararaman RamananThis is a book aimed at researchers and advanced graduate students in algebraic geometry, interested in learning about a promising direction of research in algebraic geometry. It begins with a generalization of parts of Mumford's theory of the equations defining abelian varieties and moduli spaces. It shows through striking examples how one can use these apparently intractable systems of equations to obtain satisfying insights into the geometry and arithmetic of these varieties. It also introduces the reader to some aspects of the research of the first author into representation theory and invariant theory and their applications to these geometrical questions.Regularity of Difference Equations on Banach Spaces Ravi P. Agarwal, Claudio Cuevas, Carlos LizamaThis work introduces readers to the topic of maximal regularity for difference equations. The authors systematically present the method of maximal regularity, outlining basic linear difference equations along with relevant results. They address recent advances in the field, as well as basic semi group and cosine operator theories in the discrete setting. The authors also identify some open problems that readers may wish to take up for further research. This book is intended for graduate students and researchers in the area of difference equations, particularly those with advance knowledge of and interest in functional analysis.Complex Analysis Lars AhlforsA standard source of information of functions of one complex variable, this text has retained its wide popularity in this field by being consistently rigorous without becoming needlessly concerned with advanced or overspecialized material. Difficult points have been clarified, the book has been reviewed for accuracy, and notations and terminology have been modernized. Chapter 2, Complex Functions, features a brief section on the change of length and area under conformal mapping, and much of Chapter 8, Global-Analytic Functions, has been rewritten in order to introduce readers to the terminology of germs and sheaves while still emphasizing that classical concepts are the backbone of the theory. Chapter 4, Complex Integration, now includes a new and simpler proof of the general form of Cauchy's theorem. There is a short section on the Riemann zeta function, showing the use of residues in a more exciting situation than in the computation of definite integrals.Advances in the Theory of Riemann Surfaces. Lars Valerian Ahlfors, Lipman BersIntended for researchers in Riemann surfaces, this volume summarizes a significant portion of the work done in the field during the years 1966 to 1971.Studies in Modern Algebra A. A. AlbertLocal Representation Theory: Modular Representations as an Introduction to the Local Representation Theory of Finite Groups J. L. AlperinRepresentation theory has applications to number theory, combinatorics and many areas of algebra. The aim of this text is to present some of the key results in the representation theory of finite groups. Professor Alperin concentrates on local representation theory, emphasizing module theory throughout. In this way many deep results can be obtained rather quickly. After two introductory chapters, the basic results of Green are proved, which in turn lead in due course to Brauer's First Main Theorem. A proof of the module form of Brauer's Second Main Theorem is then presented, followed by a discussion of Feit's work connecting maps and the Green correspondence. The work concludes with a treatment, new in part, of the Brauer-Dade theory. Exercises are provided at the end of most sections; the results of some are used later in the text.Products of Groups Bernhard Amberg, Silvana Franciosi, Francesco de GiovanniGroups comprising two subcomponents are of particular interest to group theorists who want to know in what way the structure of the product is related to that of its subgroups. This monograph gives the first detailed account of the most important results of group product research from the past 35 years. Although the emphasis is on infinite groups, relevant theorems about finite products of groups are also proved. This book will be of interest to research students and specialists in group theory, and will be useful in seminars or as a supplement in courses in general group theory. A special chapter on conjugacy and splitting theorems obtained by means of the cohomology of groups has never before appeared in book form.Number Theory George E. AndrewsAlthough mathematics majors are usually conversant with number theory by the time they have completed a course in abstract algebra, other undergraduates, especially those in education and the liberal arts, often need a more basic introduction to the topic.In this book the author solves the problem of maintaining the interest of students at both levels by offering a combinatorial approach to elementary number theory. In studying number theory from such a perspective, mathematics majors are spared repetition and provided with new insights, while other students benefit from the consequent simplicity of the proofs for many theorems. Among the topics covered in this accessible, carefully designed introduction are multiplicativity-divisibility, including the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, combinatorial and computational number theory, congruences, arithmetic functions, primitive roots and prime numbers. Later chapters offer lucid treatments of quadratic congruences, additivity (including partition theory) and geometric number theory. Of particular importance in this text is the author's emphasis on the value of numerical examples in number theory and the role of computers in obtaining such examples. Exercises provide opportunities for constructing numerical tables with or without a computer. Students can then derive conjectures from such numerical tables, after which relevant theorems will seem natural and well-motivated.. Complex Kleinian Groups Angel Cano Juan Pablo Navarrete Seade Kuri José AntonioThis monograph lays down the foundations of the theory of complex Kleinian groups, a newly born area of mathematics whose origin traces back to the work of Riemann, Poincaré, Picard and many others. Kleinian groups are, classically, discrete groups of conformal automorphisms of the Riemann sphere, and these can be regarded too as being groups of holomorphic automorphisms of the complex projective line CP1. When going into higher dimensions, there is a dichotomy: Should we look at conformal automorphisms of the n-sphere?, or should we look at holomorphic automorphisms of higher dimensional complex projective spaces? These two theories are different in higher dimensions. In the first case we are talking about groups of isometries of real hyperbolic spaces, an area of mathematics with a long-standing tradition. In the second case we are talking about an area of mathematics that still is in its childhood, and this is the focus of study in this monograph. This brings together several important areas of mathematics, as for instance classical Kleinian group actions, complex hyperbolic geometry, chrystallographic groups and the uniformization problem for complex manifolds.Introduction to Analytic Number Theory Tom M. Apostol"This book is the first volume of a two-volume textbook for undergraduates and is indeed the crystallization of a course offered by the author at the California Institute of Technology to undergraduates without any previous knowledge of number theory. For this reason, the book starts with the most elementary properties of the natural integers. Nevertheless, the text succeeds in presenting an enormous amount of material in little more than 300 pages."-—MATHEMATICAL REVIEWSModular Functions and Dirichlet Series in Number Theory Tom M. ApostolA new edition of a classical treatment of elliptic and modular functions with some of their number-theoretic applications, this text offers an updated bibliography and an alternative treatment of the transformation formula for the Dedekind eta function. It covers many topics, such as Hecke’s theory of entire forms with multiplicative Fourier coefficients, and the last chapter recounts Bohr’s theory of equivalence of general Dirichlet series.Advances in non-Archimedean Analysis: 11th International Conference P-adic Functional Analysis July 5-9, 2010 Universite Blaise Pascal, Clermont-ferrand, France Jesus Araujo-gomez, Bertin Diarra, Alain EscassutThis volume contains papers based on lectures given at the Eleventh International Conference on $p$-adic Functional Analysis, which was held from July 5-9, 2010, in Clermont-Ferrand, France. The articles collected here feature recent developments in various areas of non-Archimedean analysis: Hilbert and Banach spaces, finite dimensional spaces, topological vector spaces and operator theory, strict topologies, spaces of continuous functions and of strictly differentiable functions, isomorphisms between Banach functions spaces, and measure and integration. Other topics discussed in this volume include $p$-adic differential and $q$-difference equations, rational and non-Archimedean analytic functions, the spectrum of some algebras of analytic functions, and maximal ideals of the ultrametric corona algebra.Geometry of Algebraic Curves: Volume I Enrico Arbarello, Maurizio Cornalba, Phillip Griffiths, Joseph Daniel HarrisIn recent years there has been enormous activity in the theory of algebraic curves. Many long-standing problems have been solved using the general techniques developed in algebraic geometry during the 1950's and 1960's. Additionally, unexpected and deep connections between algebraic curves and differential equations have been uncovered, and these in turn shed light on other classical problems in curve theory. It seems fair to say that the theory of algebraic curves looks completely different now from how it appeared 15 years ago; in particular, our current state of knowledge repre sents a significant advance beyond the legacy left by the classical geometers such as Noether, Castelnuovo, Enriques, and Severi. These books give a presentation of one of the central areas of this recent activity; namely, the study of linear series on both a fixed curve (Volume I) and on a variable curve (Volume II). Our goal is to give a comprehensive and self-contained account of the extrinsic geometry of algebraic curves, which in our opinion constitutes the main geometric core of the recent advances in curve theory. Along the way we shall, of course, discuss appli cations of the theory of linear series to a number of classical topics (e.g., the geometry of the Riemann theta divisor) as well as to some of the current research (e.g., the Kodaira dimension of the moduli space of curves).Basic Topology M.A. ArmstrongIn this broad introduction to topology, the author searches for topological invariants of spaces, together with techniques for their calculating. Students with knowledge of real analysis, elementary group theory, and linear algebra will quickly become familiar with a wide variety of techniques and applications involving point-set, geometric, and algebraic topology. Over 139 illustrations and more than 350 problems of various difficulties help students gain a thorough understanding of the subject.Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics V. I. ArnoldThis book constructs the mathematical apparatus of classical mechanics from the beginning, examining basic problems in dynamics like the theory of oscillations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The author emphasizes geometrical considerations and includes phase spaces and flows, vector fields, and Lie groups. Discussion includes qualitative methods of the theory of dynamical systems and of asymptotic methods like averaging and adiabatic invariance.Geometric Algebra E. ArtinThis classic text, written by one of the foremost mathematicians of the 20th century, is now available in a low-priced paperback edition. Exposition is centered on the foundations of affine geometry, the geometry of quadratic forms, and the structure of the general linear group. Context is broadened by the inclusion of projective and symplectic geometry and the structure of symplectic and orthogonal groups.Galois Theory: Lectures Delivered at the University of Notre Dame by Emil Artin Emil Artin, Arthur N. MilgramIn the nineteenth century, French mathematician Evariste Galois developed the Galois theory of groups-one of the most penetrating concepts in modem mathematics. The elements of the theory are clearly presented in this second, revised edition of a volume of lectures delivered by noted mathematician Emil Artin. The book has been edited by Dr. Arthur N. Milgram, who has also supplemented the work with a Section on Applications.The first section deals with linear algebra, including fields, vector spaces, homogeneous linear equations, determinants, and other topics. A second section considers extension fields, polynomials, algebraic elements, splitting fields, group characters, normal extensions, roots of unity, Noether equations, Jummer's fields, and more. Dr. Milgram's section on applications discusses solvable groups, permutation groups, solution of equations by radicals, and other concepts. A Short Course on Spectral Theory William ArvesonThis book presents the basic tools of modern analysis within the context of the fundamental problem of operator theory: to calculate spectra of specific operators on infinite dimensional spaces, especially operators on Hilbert spaces. The tools are diverse, and they provide the basis for more refined methods that allow one to approach problems that go well beyond the computation of spectra: the mathematical foundations of quantum physics, noncommutative K-theory, and the classification of simple C*-algebras being three areas of current research activity which require mastery of the material presented here.Products of Finite Groups Mohamed AsaadThe study of finite groups factorised as a product of two or more subgroups has become a subject of great interest during the last years with applications not only in group theory, but also in other areas like cryptography and coding theory. It has experienced a big impulse with the introduction of some permutability conditions. The aim of this book is to gather, order, and examine part of this material, including the latest advances made, give some new approach to some topics, and present some new subjects of research in the theory of finite factorised groups.Representation Theory of Lie Groups M. F. Atiyah, R. Bott, S. Helgason, D. Kazhdan, B. Kostant, G. LustztigLie groups and their representations occupy an important place in mathematics with applications in such diverse fields as differential geometry, number theory, differential equations and physics. In 1977 a symposium was held in Oxford to introduce this rapidly developing and expanding subject to non-specialists. This volume contains the lectures of ten distinguished mathematicians designed to provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the fundamental theory and appreciate the range of results. This volume contains much to interest mathematicians and theoretical physicists from advanced undergraduate level upwards.Introduction To Commutative Algebra Michael AtiyahThis book grew out of a course of lectures given to third year undergraduates at Oxford University and it has the modest aim of producing a rapid introduction to the subject. It is designed to be read by students who have had a first elementary course in general algebra. On the other hand, it is not intended as a substitute for the more voluminous tracts such as Zariski-Samuel or Bourbaki. We have concentrated on certain central topics, and large areas, such as field theory, are not touched. In content we cover rather more ground than Northcott and our treatment is substantially different in that, following the modern trend, we put more emphasis on modules and localization.Holomorphic Curves in Symplectic Geometry Michele Audin, Jacques LafontaineThis book is devoted to pseudo-holomorphic curve methods in symplectic geometry. It contains an introduction to symplectic geometry and relevant techniques of Riemannian geometry, proofs of Gromov's compactness theorem, an investigation of local properties of holomorphic curves, including positivity of intersections, and applications to Lagrangian embeddings problems. The chapters are based on a series of lectures given previously by the authors M. Audin, A. Banyaga, P. Gauduchon, F. Labourie, J. Lafontaine, F. Lalonde, Gang Liu, D. McDuff, M.-P. Muller, P. Pansu, L. Polterovich, J.C. Sikorav. In an attempt to make this book accessible also to graduate students, the authors provide the necessary examples and techniques needed to understand the applications of the theory. The exposition is essentially self-contained and includes numerous exercises.Torus Actions on Symplectic Manifolds Michèle AudinThe material and references in this extended second edition of "The Topology of Torus Actions on Symplectic Manifolds", published as Volume 93 in this series in 1991, have been updated. Symplectic manifolds and torus actions are investigated, with numerous examples of torus actions, for instance on some moduli spaces. Although the book is still centered on convexity results, it contains much more material, in particular lots of new examples and exercises.Linear Algebra Done Right Sheldon AxlerThis text for a second course in linear algebra, aimed at math majors and graduates, adopts a novel approach by banishing determinants to the end of the book and focusing on understanding the structure of linear operators on vector spaces. The author has taken unusual care to motivate concepts and to simplify proofs. For example, the book presents - without having defined determinants - a clean proof that every linear operator on a finite-dimensional complex vector space has an eigenvalue. The book starts by discussing vector spaces, linear independence, span, basics, and dimension. Students are introduced to inner-product spaces in the first half of the book and shortly thereafter to the finite- dimensional spectral theorem. A variety of interesting exercises in each chapter helps students understand and manipulate the objects of linear algebra. This second edition features new chapters on diagonal matrices, on linear functionals and adjoints, and on the spectral theorem; some sections, such as those on self-adjoint and normal operators, have been entirely rewritten; and hundreds of minor improvements have been made throughout the text.Linear Algebra Done Right Sheldon AxlerThis text for a second course in linear algebra, aimed at math majors and graduates, adopts a novel approach by banishing determinants to the end of the book and focusing on understanding the structure of linear operators on vector spaces. The author has taken unusual care to motivate concepts and to simplify proofs. For example, the book presents - without having defined determinants - a clean proof that every linear operator on a finite-dimensional complex vector space has an eigenvalue. The book starts by discussing vector spaces, linear independence, span, basics, and dimension. Students are introduced to inner-product spaces in the first half of the book and shortly thereafter to the finite- dimensional spectral theorem. A variety of interesting exercises in each chapter helps students understand and manipulate the objects of linear algebra. This second edition features new chapters on diagonal matrices, on linear functionals and adjoints, and on the spectral theorem; some sections, such as those on self-adjoint and normal operators, have been entirely rewritten; and hundreds of minor improvements have been made throughout the text.Homogeneous Manifolds With Negative Curvature Robert Azencott, Edward N. WilsonIntroduction to Classical Integrable Systems Olivier Babelon, Denis Bernard, Michel TalonIntroducing the reader to classical integrable systems and their applications, this book synthesizes the different approaches to the subject, providing a set of interconnected methods for solving problems in mathematical physics. The authors introduce and explain each method, and demonstrate how it can be applied to particular examples. Rather than presenting an exhaustive list of the various integrable systems, they focus on classical objects which have well-known quantum counterparts, or are the semi-classical limits of quantum objects. They thus enable readers to understand the literature on quantum integrable systems.Introduction to p-Adic Numbers and Valuation Theory George BachmanIntroduction to p-Adic Numbers and Valuation Theory by George Bachman 1964 Academic Press 64-17793Quadratic Forms Over Semilocal Rings R. BaezaRepresentation Theory and Automorphic Forms: Instructional Conference, International Centre for Mathematical Sciences, March 1996, Edinburgh, Scotland T. N. Bailey, Anthony W. KnappThis book is a course in representation theory of semisimple groups, automorphic forms and the relations between these two subjects written by some of the world's leading experts in these fields. It is based on the 1996 instructional conference of the International Centre for Mathematical Sciences in Edinburgh. The book begins with an introductory treatment of structure theory and ends with an essay by Robert Langlands on the current status of functoriality. All papers are intended to provide overviews of the topics they address, and the authors have supplied extensive bibliographies to guide the reader who wants more detail.The aim of the articles is to treat representation theory with two goals in mind: to help analysts make systematic use of Lie groups in work on harmonic analysis, differential equations, and mathematical physics and to provide number theorists with the representation-theoretic input to Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. This book features discussion of representation theory from many experts' viewpoints; treatment of the subject from the foundations through recent advances; discussion of the analogies between analysis of cusp forms and analysis on semisimple symmetric spaces, which have been at the heart of research breakthroughs for 40 years; and, extensive bibliographies.Abelian Functions: Abel's Theorem and the Allied Theory of Theta Functions H. F. BakerClassical algebraic geometry, inseparably connected with the names of Abel, Riemann, Weierstrass, Poincaré, Clebsch, Jacobi and other outstanding mathematicians of the last century, was mainly an analytical theory. In our century the methods and ideas of topology, commutative algebra and Grothendieck's schemes enriched it and seemed to have replaced once and forever the somewhat naive language of classical algebraic geometry. This classic book, written in 1897, covers the whole of algebraic geometry and associated theories. Baker discusses the subject in terms of transcendental functions, and theta functions in particular. Many of the ideas put forward are of continuing relevance today, and some of the most exciting ideas from theoretical physics draw on work presented here.Abelian Varieties Wolf P. Barth, Klaus Hulek, Herbert LangeBook by Barth, Wolf, Hulek, KlausThe Elements of Real Analysis, Second Edition Robert G. BartlePresents the basic theory of real analysis. The algebraic and order properties of the real number system are presented in a simpler fashion than in the previous edition.Topics in Combinatorial Group Theory Gilbert BaumslagCombinatorial group theory is a loosely defined subject, with close connections to topology and logic. With surprising frequency, problems in a wide variety of disciplines, including differential equations, automorphic functions and geometry, have been distilled into explicit questions about groups, typically of the following kind: Are the groups in a given class finite (e.g., the Burnside problem)? Finitely generated? Finitely presented? What are the conjugates of a given element in a given group? What are the subgroups of that group? Is there an algorithm for deciding for every pair of groups in a given class whether they are isomorphic or not? The objective of combinatorial group theory is the systematic development of algebraic techniques to settle such questions. In view of the scope of the subject and the extraordinary variety of groups involved, it is not surprising that no really general theory exists. These notes, bridging the very beginning of the theory to new results and developments, are devoted to a number of topics in combinatorial group theory and serve as an introduction to the subject on the graduate level.The Geometry of Discrete Groups Alan F. BeardonThis text is intended to serve as an introduction to the geometry of the action of discrete groups of Mobius transformations. The subject matter has now been studied with changing points of emphasis for over a hundred years, the most recent developments being connected with the theory of 3-manifolds: see, for example, the papers of Poincare [77] and Thurston [101]. About 1940, the now well-known (but virtually unobtainable) Fenchel-Nielsen manuscript appeared. Sadly, the manuscript never appeared in print, and this more modest text attempts to display at least some of the beautiful geo metrical ideas to be found in that manuscript, as well as some more recent material. The text has been written with the conviction that geometrical explana tions are essential for a full understanding of the material and that however simple a matrix proof might seem, a geometric proof is almost certainly more profitable. Further, wherever possible, results should be stated in a form that is invariant under conjugation, thus making the intrinsic nature of the result more apparent. Despite the fact that the subject matter is concerned with groups of isometries of hyperbolic geometry, many publications rely on Euclidean estimates and geometry. However, the recent developments have again emphasized the need for hyperbolic geometry, and I have included a comprehensive chapter on analytical (not axiomatic) hyperbolic geometry. It is hoped that this chapter will serve as a "dictionary" offormulae in plane hyperbolic geometry and as such will be of interest and use in its own right.Local Analysis for the Odd Order Theorem Helmut Bender, George GlaubermanIn 1963 Walter Feit and John G. Thompson published a proof of a 1911 conjecture by Burnside that every finite group of odd order is solvable. This proof, which ran for 255 pages, was a tour-de-force of mathematics and inspired intense effort to classify finite simple groups. This book presents a revision and expansion of the first half of the proof of the Feit-Thompson theorem. Simpler, more detailed proofs are provided for some intermediate theorems. Recent results are used to shorten other proofs.Local Analysis for the Odd Order Theorem Helmut Bender, George GlaubermanIn 1963 Walter Feit and John G. Thompson published a proof of a 1911 conjecture by Burnside that every finite group of odd order is solvable. This proof, which ran for 255 pages, was a tour-de-force of mathematics and inspired intense effort to classify finite simple groups. This book presents a revision and expansion of the first half of the proof of the Feit-Thompson theorem. Simpler, more detailed proofs are provided for some intermediate theorems. Recent results are used to shorten other proofs.Finite Permutation Groups Trans. Helmut Wielandt/R. BercovIntroduction to Several Complex Variables: Lectures by Lipman Bers 1962-1963 Lipman Bers, Marion S. Weiner, Joan LandmanRiemann Surfaces Lipman BersUniformization, moduli and Kleinian groups Lipman BersAdvances in P-adic and Non-archimedean Analysis: Tenth International Conference June 30-july 3, 2008 Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan Martin Berz, Khodr ShamseddineThis volume contains the proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on p-adic and Non-Archimedean Analysis, held at Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan, on June 30-July 3, 2008. This volume also contains a kaleidoscope of papers based on several of the more important talks presented at the meeting. It provides a cutting-edge connection to some of the most important recent developments in the field. Through a combination of survey papers, research articles, and extensive references to earlier work, this volume allows the reader to quickly gain an overview of current activity in the field and become acquainted with many of the recent sub-branches of its development.Complex Abelian Varieties Christina Birkenhake, Herbert LangeThis book explores the theory of abelian varieties over the field of complex numbers, explaining both classic and recent results in modern language. The second edition adds five chapters on recent results including automorphisms and vector bundles on abelian varieties, algebraic cycles and the Hodge conjecture. ". . . far more readable than most . . . it is also much more complete." Olivier Debarre in Mathematical Reviews, 1994.Complex Abelian Varieties Christina Birkenhake, Herbert LangeThis book explores the theory of abelian varieties over the field of complex numbers, explaining both classic and recent results in modern language. The second edition adds five chapters on recent results including automorphisms and vector bundles on abelian varieties, algebraic cycles and the Hodge conjecture. ". . . far more readable than most . . . it is also much more complete." Olivier Debarre in Mathematical Reviews, 1994.Higher Regulators, Algebraic $K$-Theory, and Zeta Functions of Elliptic Curves Spencer J. BlochThis book is the long-awaited publication of the famous Irvine lectures. Delivered in 1978 at the University of California at Irvine, these lectures turned out to be an entry point to several intimately-connected new branches of arithmetic algebraic geometry, such as regulators and special values of L-functions of algebraic varieties, explicit formulas for them in terms of polylogarithms, the theory of algebraic cycles, and eventually the general theory of mixed motives which unifies and underlies all of the above (and much more). In the 20 years since, the importance of Bloch's lectures has not diminished. A lucky group of people working in the above areas had the good fortune to possess a copy of old typewritten notes of these lectures. Now everyone can have their own copy of this classic work.Computational Approach to Riemann Surfaces Alexander I. Bobenko, Christian KleinThis volume offers a well-structured overview of existent computational approaches to Riemann surfaces and those currently in development. The authors of the contributions represent the groups providing publically available numerical codes in this field. Thus this volume illustrates which software tools are available and how they can be used in practice. In addition examples for solutions to partial differential equations and in surface theory are presented. The intended audience of this book is twofold. It can be used as a textbook for a graduate course in numerics of Riemann surfaces, in which case the standard undergraduate background, i.e. calculus and linear algebra, is required. In particular, no knowledge of the theory of Riemann surfaces is expected; the necessary background in this theory is contained in the Introduction chapter. At the same time, this book is also intended for specialists in geometry and mathematical physics applying the theory of Riemann surfaces in their research. It is the first book on numerics of Riemann surfaces that reflects the progress made in this field during the last decade, and it contains original results. There are a growing number of applications that involve the evaluation of concrete characteristics of models analytically described in terms of Riemann surfaces. Many problem settings and computations in this volume are motivated by such concrete applications in geometry and mathematical physics.Geometric Methods in Algebra and Number Theory Fedor Bogomolov, Yuri Tschinkel* Contains a selection of articles exploring geometric approaches to problems in algebra, algebraic geometry and number theory* The collection gives a representative sample of problems and most recent results in algebraic and arithmetic geometry * Text can serve as an intense introduction for graduate students and those wishing to pursue research in algebraic and arithmetic geometry Automorphic Forms, Representations, and L-Functions: Symposium in Pure Mathematics. Volume XXXIII Part 1 Armand Borel, W. CasselmanContains sections on Reductive groups, representations, Automorphic forms and representations.Algebraic Geometry and Commutative Algebra Siegfried BoschAlgebraic geometry is a fascinating branch of mathematics that combines methods from both, algebra and geometry. It transcends the limited scope of pure algebra by means of geometric construction principles. Moreover, Grothendieck’s schemes invented in the late 1950s allowed the application of algebraic-geometric methods in fields that formerly seemed to be far away from geometry, like algebraic number theory. The new techniques paved the way to spectacular progress such as the proof of Fermat’s Last Theorem by Wiles and Taylor.The scheme-theoretic approach to algebraic geometry is explained for non-experts. More advanced readers can use the book to broaden their view on the subject. A separate part deals with the necessary prerequisites from commutative algebra. On a whole, the book provides a very accessible and self-contained introduction to algebraic geometry, up to a quite advanced level. Every chapter of the book is preceded by a motivating introduction with an informal discussion of the contents. Typical examples and an abundance of exercises illustrate each section. This way the book is an excellent solution for learning by yourself or for complementing knowledge that is already present. It can equally be used as a convenient source for courses and seminars or as supplemental literature. Algèbre: Chapitre 8 N. BourbakiCe huitième chapitre du Livre d'Algèbre, deuxième Livre des Éléments de mathématique, est consacré à l'étude de certaines classes d'anneaux et des modules sur ces anneaux.Il couvre les notions de module et d'anneau noethérien et artinien, ainsi que celle de radical. Ce chapitre décrit également la structure des anneaux semi-simples. Nous y donnons aussi la définition de divers groupes de Grothendieck qui jouent un rôle universel pour les invariants de modules et plusieurs descriptions du groupe de Brauer qui intervient dans la classification des anneaux simples. Une note historique en fin de volume, reprise de l'édition précédente, retrace l'émergence d'une grande partie des notions développées. Ce volume est une deuxième édition entièrement refondue de l'édition de 1958. Lie Groups and Lie Algebras: Chapters 4-6 N. BourbakiFrom the reviews of the French edition: "This is a rich and useful volume. The material it treats has relevance well beyond the theory of Lie groups and algebras, ranging from the geometry of regular polytopes and paving problems to current work on finite simple groups having a (B,N)-pair structure, or ‘Tits systems’". —G.B. Seligman in MathReviews.Seminaire Bourbaki Nicolas BourbakiTopology and Geometry Glen E. BredonThis book offers an introductory course in algebraic topology. Starting with general topology, it discusses differentiable manifolds, cohomology, products and duality, the fundamental group, homology theory, and homotopy theory.From the reviews: "An interesting and original graduate text in topology and geometry...a good lecturer can use this text to create a fine course....A beginning graduate student can use this text to learn a great deal of mathematics."—-MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS Characters and Automorphism Groups of Compact Riemann Surfaces Thomas BreuerThe author uses modern methods from computational group theory and representation theory to treat this classical topic of function theory. He provides classifications of all automorphism groups up to genus 48. The book also classifies the ordinary characters for several groups, arising from the action of automorphisms on the space of holomorphic abelian differentials of a compact Reimann surface. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in group theory, representation theory, complex analysis and computer algebra.Characters and Automorphism Groups of Compact Riemann Surfaces Thomas BreuerThe author uses modern methods from computational group theory and representation theory to treat this classical topic of function theory. He provides classifications of all automorphism groups up to genus 48. The book also classifies the ordinary characters for several groups, arising from the action of automorphisms on the space of holomorphic abelian differentials of a compact Reimann surface. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in group theory, representation theory, complex analysis and computer algebra.Plane Algebraic Curves BRIESKORN, KNÖRRERIntroduction to Complex Reflection Groups and Their Braid Groups Michel BrouéThis book covers basic properties of complex reflection groups, such as characterization, Steinberg theorem, Gutkin-Opdam matrices, Solomon theorem and applications, including the basic findings of Springer theory on eigenspaces.Families of Automorphic Forms Roelof W. BruggemanAutomorphic forms on the upper half plane have been studied for a long time. Most attention has gone to the holomorphic automorphic forms, with numerous applications to number theory. Maass, [34], started a systematic study of real analytic automorphic forms. He extended Hecke’s relation between automorphic forms and Dirichlet series to real analytic automorphic forms. The names Selberg and Roelcke are connected to the spectral theory of real analytic automorphic forms, see, e. g. , [50], [51]. This culminates in the trace formula of Selberg, see, e. g. , Hejhal, [21]. Automorphicformsarefunctionsontheupperhalfplanewithaspecialtra- formation behavior under a discontinuous group of non-euclidean motions in the upper half plane. One may ask how automorphic forms change if one perturbs this group of motions. This question is discussed by, e. g. , Hejhal, [22], and Phillips and Sarnak, [46]. Hejhal also discusses the e?ect of variation of the multiplier s- tem (a function on the discontinuous group that occurs in the description of the transformation behavior of automorphic forms). In [5]–[7] I considered variation of automorphic forms for the full modular group under perturbation of the m- tiplier system. A method based on ideas of Colin de Verdi` ere, [11], [12], gave the meromorphic continuation of Eisenstein and Poincar´ e series as functions of the eigenvalue and the multiplier system jointly. The present study arose from a plan to extend these results to much more general groups (discrete co?nite subgroups of SL (R)).Theta Functions Bowdoin 1987 Me.) Summer Research Institute on Theta Functions (1987 Brunswick, Robert C. Gunning, Leon EhrenpreisBook by Summer Research Institute on Theta Functions (1987 Brunswick, Me.)Theta Functions, Bowdoin 1987 Me.) Summer Research Institute on Theta Functions (1987 Brunswick, Robert C. Gunning, Leon EhrenpreisDuring his long and productive career, Salomon Bochner worked in a variety of different areas of mathematics. This four part set brings together his collected papers, illustrating the range and depth of his mathematical interests. The books are available either individually or as a set.Introduction to Algebraic Topology And Algebraic Geometry U. BruzzoIntroduction to Algebraic Topology And Algebraic Geometry By U. BruzzoLie Theory and Geometry: In Honor of Bertram Kostant Jean-Luc Brylinski, Ranee Brylinski, Victor Guillemin, Victor KacThis volume, dedicated to Bertram Kostant on the occasion of his 65th birthday, is a collection of 22 invited papers by leading mathematicians working in Lie theory, geometry, algebra, and mathematical physics. Kostant’s fundamental work in all these areas has provided deep new insights and connections, and has created new fields of research. The papers gathered here present original research articles as well as expository papers, broadly reflecting the range of Kostant’s work.Solitons, Geometry and Topology: On the Crossroad V. M. Buchstaber, S. P. NovikovThis collection contains articles reflecting the most recent activity in topology and mathematical physics presented at the S. Novikov Seminar held in Moscow. Papers in the volume are devoted to problems in geometry, topology, and mathematical physics, including applications of topology to physical problems. Such a combination is a long-standing tradition of the seminar, which originated in 1965.Topics on Riemann Surfaces and Fuchsian Groups E. Bujalance, A. F. Costa, E. MartínezThis book presents a cross-section of different aspects of Riemann surfaces, introducing the reader to the basics as well as highlighting new developments in the field. It provides a mixture of classical material, recent results and some non-mainstream topics. The book is based on lectures from the conference Topics on Riemann Surfaces and Fuchsian Groups held in Madrid to mark the 25th anniversary of the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia.Automorphism Groups of Compact Bordered Klein Surfaces: A Combinatorial Approach Emilio Bujalance, Jose J. Etayo, Jose M. Gamboa, Grzegorz GromadzkiThis research monograph provides a self-contained approach to the problem of determining the conditions under which a compact bordered Klein surface S and a finite group G exist, such that G acts as a group of automorphisms in S. The cases dealt with here take G cyclic, abelian, nilpotent or supersoluble and S hyperelliptic or with connected boundary. No advanced knowledge of group theory or hyperbolic geometry is required and three introductory chapters provide as much background as necessary on non-euclidean crystallographic groups. The graduate reader thus finds here an easy access to current research in this area as well as several new results obtained by means of the same unified approach.Symmetries of Compact Riemann Surfaces Emilio Bujalance, Francisco Javier Cirre, José Manuel Gamboa, Grzegorz GromadzkiThis monograph covers symmetries of compact Riemann surfaces. It examines the number of conjugacy classes of symmetries, the numbers of ovals of symmetries and the symmetry types of Riemann surfaces.Symmetries of Compact Riemann Surfaces Emilio Bujalance, Francisco Javier Cirre, José Manuel Gamboa, Grzegorz GromadzkiThis monograph covers symmetries of compact Riemann surfaces. It examines the number of conjugacy classes of symmetries, the numbers of ovals of symmetries and the symmetry types of Riemann surfaces.Lie Groups Daniel BumpThis book proceeds beyond the representation theory of compact Lie groups (which is the basis of many texts) and offers a carefully chosen range of material designed to give readers the bigger picture. It explores compact Lie groups through a number of proofs and culminates in a "topics" section that takes the Frobenius-Schur duality between the representation theory of the symmetric group and the unitary groups as unifying them.A Second Course in Mathematical Analysis J. C. Burkill, H. BurkillThe classic analysis textbook from Burkill and Burkill is now available in the Cambridge Mathematical Library. This straightforward course, based on the idea of a limit, is for students of mathematics and physics who have acquired a working knowledge of calculus and are ready for a more systematic approach. The treatment given here also brings in other limiting processes, such as the summation of infinite series and the expansion of trigonometric functions as power series. Particular attention is given to clarity of exposition and the logical development of the subject matter.Theory of Groups of Finite Order William BurnsideTheory of Groups of Finite Order is presented here in a high quality paperback edition. This publication is professionally scanned from an original edition of the book, and of the best possible quality. This popular classic work by William Burnside is in the English language. If you enjoy the works of William Burnside then we highly recommend this publication for your book collection.Elementary Number Theory David BurtonElementary Number Theory, Seventh Edition, is written for the one-semester undergraduate number theory course taken by math majors, secondary education majors, and computer science students. This contemporary text provides a simple account of classical number theory, set against a historical background that shows the subject's evolution from antiquity to recent research. Written in David Burton’s engaging style, Elementary Number Theory reveals the attraction that has drawn leading mathematicians and amateurs alike to number theory over the course of history.An introduction to abstract mathematical systems David M. BurtonGeometry and Spectra of Compact Riemann Surfaces Peter BuserThis monograph is a self-contained introduction to the geometry of Riemann Surfaces of constant curvature –1 and their length and eigenvalue spectra. It focuses on two subjects: the geometric theory of compact Riemann surfaces of genus greater than one, and the relationship of the Laplace operator with the geometry of such surfaces. Research workers and graduate students interested in compact Riemann surfaces will find here a number of useful tools and insights to apply to their investigations.Finite Reductive Groups: Related Structures and Representations: Proceedings of an International Conference held in Luminy, France Marc CabanesFinite reductive groups and their representations lie at the heart of group theory. This volume treats linear representations of finite reductive groups and their modular aspects together with Hecke algebras, complex reflection groups, quantum groups, arithmetic groups, Lie groups, symmetric groups and general finite groups.Groups St Andrews 1997 in Bath: Volume 2 C. M. Campbell, E. F. Robertson, N. Ruskuc, G. C. SmithThis two-volume book contains selected papers from the international conference "Groups St. Andrews 1997 in Bath". The articles are arranged in roughly alphabetical order and cover a wide spectrum of modern group theory. There are articles based on lecture courses given by five main speakers together with refereed survey and research articles contributed by other conference participants. Proceedings of earlier "Groups St. Andrews" conferences have had a major impact on the development of group theory and these volumes should be equally important.Groups St Andrews 2009 in Bath: Volume 1 C. M. Campbell, M. R. Quick, E. F. Robertson, C. M. Roney-Dougal, G. C. Smith, G. TraustasonGroups St Andrews 2009 was held in the University of Bath in August 2009 and this first volume of a two-volume book contains selected papers from the international conference. Five main lecture courses were given at the conference, and articles based on their lectures form a substantial part of the proceedings. This volume contains the contributions by Gerhard Hiss (RWTH Aachen) and Volodymyr Nekrashevych (Texas A&M). Apart from the main speakers, refereed survey and research articles were contributed by other conference participants. Arranged in alphabetical order, these articles cover a wide spectrum of modern group theory. The regular proceedings of Groups St Andrews conferences have provided snapshots of the state of research in group theory throughout the past 30 years. Earlier volumes have had a major impact on the development of group theory and it is anticipated that this volume will be equally important.Modules and Group Algebras Jon CarlsonThe notes in this volume were written as a part of a Nachdiplom course that I gave at the ETH in the summer semester of 1995. The aim of my lectures was the development of some of the basics of the interaction of homological algebra, or more specifically the cohomology of groups, and modular representation theory. Every time that I had given such a course in the past fifteen years, the choice of the material and the order of presentation of the results have followed more or less the same basic pattern. Such a course began with the fundamentals of group cohomology, and then investigated the structure of cohomology rings, and their maximal ideal spectra. Then the variety of a module was defined and related to actual module structure through the rank variety. Applications followed. The standard approach was used in my University of Essen Lecture Notes [e1] in 1984. Evens [E] and Benson [B2] have written it up in much clearer detail and included it as part of their books on the subject.Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces Manfredo P. Do CarmoThis volume covers local as well as global differential geometry of curves and surfaces.Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces Manfredo P. Do CarmoThis volume covers local as well as global differential geometry of curves and surfaces.Complex Geometry of Groups: January 5-11, 1998, Olmue, Chile Angel Carocca, Victor Gonzalez-Aguilera, Rubi E. RodriguezThis volume presents the proceedings of the I Iberoamerican Congress on Geometry: Cruz del Sur held in Olmue, Chile. The main topic was 'The Geometry of Groups: Curves, Abelian Varieties, Theoretical and Computational Aspects'. Participants came from all over the world. The volume gathers the expanded contributions from most of the participants in the Congress. Articles reflect the topic in its diversity and unity, and in particular, the work done on the subject by Iberoamerican mathematicians. Original results and surveys are included on the following areas: curves and Riemann surfaces, abelian varieties, and complex dynamics. The approaches are varied, including Kleinian groups, quasiconformal mappings and Teichmuller spaces, function theory, moduli spaces, automorphism groups, algebraic geometry, and more.Complex Geometry of Groups: January 5-11, 1998, Olmue, Chile Angel Carocca, Victor Gonzalez-Aguilera, Rubi E. RodriguezThis volume presents the proceedings of the I Iberoamerican Congress on Geometry: Cruz del Sur held in Olmue, Chile. The main topic was 'The Geometry of Groups: Curves, Abelian Varieties, Theoretical and Computational Aspects'. Participants came from all over the world. The volume gathers the expanded contributions from most of the participants in the Congress. Articles reflect the topic in its diversity and unity, and in particular, the work done on the subject by Iberoamerican mathematicians. Original results and surveys are included on the following areas: curves and Riemann surfaces, abelian varieties, and complex dynamics. The approaches are varied, including Kleinian groups, quasiconformal mappings and Teichmuller spaces, function theory, moduli spaces, automorphism groups, algebraic geometry, and more.Lectures on Lie Groups and Lie Algebras Roger W. Carter, Ian G. MacDonald, Graeme B. SegalThree of the leading figures in the field have composed this excellent introduction to the theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras. Together these lectures provide an elementary account of the theory that is unsurpassed. In the first part, Roger Carter concentrates on Lie algebras and root systems. In the second Graeme Segal discusses Lie groups. And in the final part, Ian Macdonald gives an introduction to special linear groups. Graduate students requiring an introduction to the theory of Lie groups and their applications should look no further than this book.Simple Groups of Lie Type Roger W. CarterNow available in paperback—the standard introduction to the theory of simple groups of Lie type. In 1955, Chevalley showed how to construct analogues of the complex simple Lie groups over arbitrary fields. The present work presents the basic results in the structure theory of Chevalley groups and their twisted analogues. Carter looks at groups of automorphisms of Lie algebras, makes good use of Weyl group (also discussing Lie groups over finite fields), and develops the theory of Chevalley and Steinberg groups in the general context of groups with a (B,N)-pair. This new edition contains a corrected proof of the simplicity of twisted groups, a completed list of sporadic simple groups in the final chapter and a few smaller amendments; otherwise, this work remains the classic piece of exposition it was when it first appeared in 1971.Singularities of Plane Curves Eduardo Casas-AlveroThis comprehensive and self-contained exposition of the algebro-geometric theory of singularities of plane curves covers both the classical and modern aspects of the field. It gives a unified treatment with complete proofs and presents modern results which have only appeared in research papers. It updates and correctly proves a number of important classical results for which there was formerly no suitable reference. With new, previously unpublished results as well as applications to algebra and algebraic geometry, this book will be useful as a reference text for researchers in the field. It is also suitable as a textbook for postgraduate courses on singularities.Algebraic Number Theory: Proceedings of an Instructional Conference Organized by the London Mathematical Society J. W. S. Cassels, A. FrohlichThis book provides a brisk, thorough treatment of the foundations of algebraic number theory on which it builds to introduce more advanced topics. Throughout, the authors emphasize the systematic development of techniques for the explicit calculation of the basic invariants such as rings of integers, class groups, and units, combining at each stage theory with explicit computations.Rational Quadratic Forms J. W. S. Cassels, MathematicsThis exploration of quadratic forms over rational numbers and rational integers offers an excellent elementary introduction to many aspects of a classical subject, including recent developments. The author, a Professor Emeritus at Trinity College, University of Cambridge, offers a largely self-contained treatment that develops most of the prerequisites.Topics include the theory of quadratic forms over local fields, forms with integral coefficients, genera and spinor genera, reduction theory for definite forms, and Gauss' composition theory. The final chapter explains how to formulate the proofs in earlier chapters independently of Dirichlet's theorems related to the existence of primes in arithmetic progressions. Specialists will particularly value the several helpful appendixes on class numbers, Siegel's formulas, Tamagawa numbers, and other topics. Each chapter concludes with many exercises and hints, plus notes that include historical remarks and references to the literature.Rational Quadratic Forms J. W. S. Cassels, MathematicsThis exploration of quadratic forms over rational numbers and rational integers offers an excellent elementary introduction to many aspects of a classical subject, including recent developments. The author, a Professor Emeritus at Trinity College, University of Cambridge, offers a largely self-contained treatment that develops most of the prerequisites.Topics include the theory of quadratic forms over local fields, forms with integral coefficients, genera and spinor genera, reduction theory for definite forms, and Gauss' composition theory. The final chapter explains how to formulate the proofs in earlier chapters independently of Dirichlet's theorems related to the existence of primes in arithmetic progressions. Specialists will particularly value the several helpful appendixes on class numbers, Siegel's formulas, Tamagawa numbers, and other topics. Each chapter concludes with many exercises and hints, plus notes that include historical remarks and references to the literature.Automorphisms of Surfaces after Nielsen and Thurston Andrew J. Casson, Steven A. BleilerRepresentation Theory of the Symmetric Groups: The Okounkov-Vershik Approach, Character Formulas, and Partition Algebras Tullio Ceccherini-Silberstein, Fabio Scarabotti, Filippo TolliThe representation theory of the symmetric groups is a classical topic that, since the pioneering work of Frobenius, Schur and Young, has grown into a huge body of theory, with many important connections to other areas of mathematics and physics. This self-contained book provides a detailed introduction to the subject, covering classical topics such as the Littlewood-Richardson rule and the Schur-Weyl duality. Importantly the authors also present many recent advances in the area, including Lassalle's character formulas, the theory of partition algebras, and an exhaustive exposition of the approach developed by A. M. Vershik and A. Okounkov. A wealth of examples and exercises makes this an ideal textbook for graduate students. It will also serve as a useful reference for more experienced researchers across a range of areas, including algebra, computer science, statistical mechanics and theoretical physics.Differential Geometry and Complex Analysis: A Volume Dedicated to the Memory of Harry Ernest Rauch I. Chavel, H.M. FarkasThis volume is dedicated to the memory of Harry Ernest Rauch, who died suddenly on June 18, 1979. In organizing the volume we solicited: (i) articles summarizing Rauch's own work in differential geometry, complex analysis and theta functions (ii) articles which would give the reader an idea of the depth and breadth of Rauch's researches, interests, and influence, in the fields he investigated, and (iii) articles of high scientific quality which would be of general interest. In each of the areas to which Rauch made significant contribution - pinching theorems, teichmiiller theory, and theta functions as they apply to Riemann surfaces - there has been substantial progress. Our hope is that the volume conveys the originality of Rauch's own work, the continuing vitality of the fields he influenced, and the enduring respect for, and tribute to, him and his accom plishments in the mathematical community. Finally, it is a pleasure to thank the Department of Mathematics, of the Grad uate School of the City University of New York, for their logistical support, James Rauch who helped us with the biography, and Springer-Verlag for all their efforts in producing this volume. Isaac Chavel . Hershel M. Farkas Contents Harry Ernest Rauch - Biographical Sketch. . . . . . . . VII Bibliography of the Publications of H. E. Rauch. . . . . . X Ph.D. Theses Written under the Supervision of H. E. Rauch. XIII H. E. Rauch, Geometre Differentiel (by M. Berger) . . . . . . . .Class Field Theory Nancy ChildressClass field theory brings together the quadratic and higher reciprocity laws of Gauss, Legendre, and others, and vastly generalizes them. This book provides an accessible introduction to class field theory. It takes a traditional approach in that it attempts to present the material using the original techniques of proof, but in a fashion which is cleaner and more streamlined than most other books on this topic. It could be used for a graduate course on algebraic number theory, as well as for students who are interested in self-study. The book has been class-tested, and the author has included lots of challenging exercises throughout the text.A Scrapbook of Complex Curve Theory C. Herbert ClemensThis fine book by Herb Clemens quickly became a favorite of many algebraic geometers when it was first published in 1980. It has been popular with novices and experts ever since. It is written as a book of 'impressions' of a journey through the theory of complex algebraic curves. Many topics of compelling beauty occur along the way. A cursory glance at the subjects visited reveals a wonderfully eclectic selection, from conics and cubics to theta functions, Jacobians, and questions of moduli. By the end of the book, the theme of theta functions becomes clear, culminating in the Schottky problem. The author's intent was to motivate further study and to stimulate mathematical activity. The attentive reader will learn much about complex algebraic curves and the tools used to study them. The book can be especially useful to anyone preparing a course on the topic of complex curves or anyone interested in supplementing his/her reading.Geometry for the Classroom C.Herbert Clemens, Michael A. ClemensIntended for use in college courses for prospective or in-service secondary school teachers of geometry. Designed to give teachers broad preparation in the content of elementary geometry as well as closely related topics of a slightly more advanced nature. The presentation and the modular format are designed to incorporate a flexible methodology for the teaching of geometry, one that can be adapted to different classroom settings. The basic strategy is to develop the few fundamental concepts of elementary geometry, first in intuitive form, and then more rigorously. The rest of the material is then built up out of these concepts through a combination of exposition and "guided discovery" in the problem sections. A separate volume including the solutions to the exercises is also available.L-Functions and Arithmetic J. Coates, M. J. TaylorThis volume is an outgrowth of the LMS Durham Symposium on L-functions, held in July 1989. The Symposium consisted of several short courses, aimed at presenting rigorous but nontechnical explanations of the latest research areas, and a number of individual lectures on specific topics.Combinatorial Group Theory: A Topological Approach Daniel E. CohenIn this book, developed from courses taught at the University of London, the author aims to show the value of using topological methods in combinatorial group theory. The topological material is given in terms of the fundamental groupoid, giving results and proofs that are both stronger and simpler than the traditional ones. Several chapters deal with covering spaces and complexes, an important method, which is then applied to yield the major Schreier and Kurosh subgroup theorems. The author presents a full account of Bass-Serre theory and discusses the word problem, in particular, its unsolvability and the Higman Embedding Theorem. Included for completeness are the relevant results of computability theory.A Course in Computational Algebraic Number Theory Henri CohenA description of 148 algorithms fundamental to number-theoretic computations, in particular for computations related to algebraic number theory, elliptic curves, primality testing and factoring. The first seven chapters guide readers to the heart of current research in computational algebraic number theory, including recent algorithms for computing class groups and units, as well as elliptic curve computations, while the last three chapters survey factoring and primality testing methods, including a detailed description of the number field sieve algorithm. The whole is rounded off with a description of available computer packages and some useful tables, backed by numerous exercises. Written by an authority in the field, and one with great practical and teaching experience, this is certain to become the standard and indispensable reference on the subject.Representations and Characters of Finite Groups M. J. CollinsRepresentation theory and character theory have proved essential in the study of finite simple groups since their early development by Frobenius. The author begins by presenting the foundations of character theory in a style accessible to advanced undergraduates that requires only a basic knowledge of group theory and general algebra. This theme is then expanded in a self-contained account providing an introduction to the application of character theory to the classification of simple groups. The book follows both strands of the theory: the exceptional characteristics of Suzuki and Feit and the block character theory of Brauer and includes refinements of original proofs that have become available as the subject has grown.Sphere Packings, Lattices and Groups John Conway, Neil J. A. SloaneThe third edition of this definitive and popular book continues to pursue the question: what is the most efficient way to pack a large number of equal spheres in n-dimensional Euclidean space? The authors also examine such related issues as the kissing number problem, the covering problem, the quantizing problem, and the classification of lattices and quadratic forms. There is also a description of the applications of these questions to other areas of mathematics and science such as number theory, coding theory, group theory, analogue-to-digital conversion and data compression, n-dimensional crystallography, dual theory and superstring theory in physics. New and of special interest is a report on some recent developments in the field, and an updated and enlarged supplementary bibliography with over 800 items.A Course in Functional Analysis John B ConwayThis book is an introductory text in functional analysis. Unlike many modern treatments, it begins with the particular and works its way to the more general.From the reviews: "This book is an excellent text for a first graduate course in functional analysis....Many interesting and important applications are included....It includes an abundance of exercises, and is written in the engaging and lucid style which we have come to expect from the author." —MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS Atlas of Finite Groups: Maximal Subgroups and Ordinary Characters for Simple Groups John Horton ConwayThis atlas covers groups from the families of the classification of finite simple groups. Recently updated incorporating correctionsOn Quaternions and Octonions John Horton Conway, Derek SmithThis book investigates the geometry of quaternion and octonion algebras. Following a comprehensive historical introduction, the book illuminates the special properties of 3- and 4-dimensional Euclidean spaces using quaternions, leading to enumerations of the corresponding finite groups of symmetries. The second half of the book discusses the less familiar octonion algebra, concentrating on its remarkable "triality symmetry" after an appropriate study of Moufang loops. The authors also describe the arithmetics of the quaternions and octonions. The book concludes with a new theory of octonion factorization. Topics covered include the geometry of complex numbers, quaternions and 3-dimensional groups, quaternions and 4-dimensional groups, Hurwitz integral quaternions, composition algebras, Moufang loops, octonions and 8-dimensional geometry, integral octonions, and the octonion projective plane.NOTAS DE GEOMETRIA DIFERENCIAL DE CURVAS Y SUPERFICIE ANTONIO F. ET AL. COSTAIdeals, Varieties, and Algorithms: An Introduction to Computational Algebraic Geometry and Commutative Algebra David Cox, John Little, Donal O'SheaAlgebraic Geometry is the study of systems of polynomial equations in one or more variables, asking such questions as: Does the system have finitely many solutions, and if so how can one find them? And if there are infinitely many solutions, how can they be described and manipulated? The solutions of a system of polynomial equations form a geometric object called a variety; the corresponding algebraic object is an ideal. There is a close relationship between ideals and varieties which reveals the intimate link between algebra and geometry. Written at a level appropriate to undergraduates, this book covers such topics as the Hilbert Basis Theorem, the Nullstellensatz, invariant theory, projective geometry, and dimension theory. The algorithms to answer questions such as those posed above are an important part of algebraic geometry. This book bases its discussion of algorithms on a generalization of the division algorithm for polynomials in one variable that was only discovered in the 1960's. Although the algorithmic roots of algebraic geometry are old, the computational aspects were neglected earlier in this century. This has changed in recent years, and new algorithms, coupled with the power of fast computers, have let to some interesting applications, for example in robotics and in geometric theorem proving. In preparing a new edition of Ideals, Varieties and Algorithms the authors present an improved proof of the Buchberger Criterion as well as a proof of Bezout's Theorem. Appendix C contains a new section on Axiom and an update about Maple , Mathematica and REDUCE.Applications of Computational Algebraic Geometry: American Mathematical Society Short Course January 6-7, 1997 San Diego, California David A. Cox, Bernd Sturmfels, Dinesh N. ManochaThis book introduces readers to key ideas and applications of computational algebraic geometry. Beginning with the discovery of Grobner bases and fueled by the advent of modern computers and the rediscovery of resultants, computational algebraic geometry has grown rapidly in importance. The fact that 'crunching equations' is now as easy as 'crunching numbers' has had a profound impact in recent years. At the same time, the mathematics used in computational algebraic geometry is unusually elegant and accessible, which makes the subject easy to learn and easy to apply. This book begins with an introduction to Grobner bases and resultants, then discusses some of the more recent methods for solving systems of polynomial equations. A sampler of possible applications follows, including computer-aided geometric design, complex information systems, integer programming, and algebraic coding theory. The lectures in the book assume no previous acquaintance with the material.Applications of Computational Algebraic Geometry: American Mathematical Society Short Course January 6-7, 1997 San Diego, California David A. Cox, Bernd Sturmfels, Dinesh N. ManochaThis book introduces readers to key ideas and applications of computational algebraic geometry. Beginning with the discovery of Grobner bases and fueled by the advent of modern computers and the rediscovery of resultants, computational algebraic geometry has grown rapidly in importance. The fact that 'crunching equations' is now as easy as 'crunching numbers' has had a profound impact in recent years. At the same time, the mathematics used in computational algebraic geometry is unusually elegant and accessible, which makes the subject easy to learn and easy to apply. This book begins with an introduction to Grobner bases and resultants, then discusses some of the more recent methods for solving systems of polynomial equations. A sampler of possible applications follows, including computer-aided geometric design, complex information systems, integer programming, and algebraic coding theory. The lectures in the book assume no previous acquaintance with the material.Mirror Symmetry and Algebraic Geometry David A. CoxMirror symmetry began when theoretical physicists made some astonishing predictions about rational curves on quintic hypersurfaces in four-dimensional projective space. Understanding the mathematics behind these predictions has been a substantial challenge. This book is the first completely comprehensive monograph on mirror symmetry, covering the original observations by the physicists through the most recent progress made to date. Subjects discussed include toric varieties, Hodge theory, Kähler geometry, moduli of stable maps, Calabi-Yau manifolds, quantum cohomology, Gromov-Witten invariants, and the mirror theorem.Introduction to Geometry H. S. M. CoxeterThis classic work is now available in an unabridged paperback edition. The Second Edition retains all the characterisitcs that made the first edition so popular: brilliant exposition, the flexibility permitted by relatively self-contained chapters, and broad coverage ranging from topics in the Euclidean plane, to affine geometry, projective geometry, differential geometry, and topology. The Second Edition incorporates improvements in the text and in some proofs, takes note of the solution of the 4-color map problem, and provides answers to most of the exercises.Generators and Relations for Discrete Groups H.S.M. & MOSER, W.O.J. COXETERFoundations of Computational Mathematics: Selected Papers of a Conference Held at Rio de Janeiro, January 1997 Felipe Cucker, Michael ShubThis book contains a collection of articles corresponding to some of the talks delivered at the Foundations of Computational Mathematics conference held at IMPA in Rio de Janeiro in January 1997. Some ofthe others are published in the December 1996 issue of the Journal of Complexity. Both of these publications were available and distributed at the meeting. Even in this aspect we hope to have achieved a synthesis of the mathematics and computer science cultures as well as of the disciplines. The reaction to the Park City meeting on Mathematics of Numerical Analy sis: Real Number Algorithms which was chaired by Steve Smale and had around 275 participants, was very enthusiastic. At the suggestion of Narendra Karmar mar a lunch time meeting of Felipe Cucker, Arieh Iserles, Narendra Karmarkar, Jim Renegar, Mike Shub and Steve Smale decided to try to hold a periodic meeting entitled "Foundations of Computational Mathematics" and to form an organization with the same name whose primary purpose will be to hold the meeting. This is then the first edition of FoCM as such. It has been organized around a small collection of workshops, namely - Systems of algebraic equations and computational algebraic geometry - Homotopy methods and real machines - Information-based complexity - Numerical linear algebra - Approximation and PDEs - Optimization - Differential equations and dynamical systems - Relations to computer science - Vision and related computational tools There were also twelve plenary speakers.Lipa's Legacy: Proceedings of the Bers Colloquium, October 19-20, 1995, Graduate School and University Center of Cuny Bers Colloquium (1st : 1995 : Graduate School and University Center of CUNY), Jozef Dodziuk, Linda KeenThe mathematical works of Lars Ahlfors and Lipman Bers are fundamental and lasting. They have influenced and altered the development of twentieth century mathematics. The personalities of these two scientists helped create a mathematical family and have had a permanent positive effect on a whole generation of mathematicians. Their mathematical heritage continues to lead succeeding generations. In the fall of 1994, one year after Bers' death, some members of this family decided to inaugurate a series of conferences, The Bers Colloquium, to be held every three years. The theme was to be a topic in the Ahlfors-Bers mathematical tradition, broadly interpreted. Ahlfors died a year after the first colloquium; future colloquia in this series will be called ""The Ahlfors-Bers Colloquium"".The first colloquium was held in October 1995 at the Graduate Center, CUNY in New York. It coincided roughly with the second anniversary of Bers' death. There were six lectures and much informal mathematical discussion. This volume contains papers by the speakers and many of the participants. The broad range of papers indicates how strong and far-reaching Bers' influence has been. The topics represented in the book include Teichmuller theory, Kleinian groups, higher dimensional hyperbolic geometry, geometry of numbers, circle packings, theory of discrete groups, classical complex function theory, one dimensional dynamics, fluid dynamics, quasiconformal mappings in higher dimensions, partial differential equations, and classical algebraic geometry. This title features: twenty-seven very high-level papers on related topics, open problems, and expository articles.Methods of Representation Theory: With Applications to Finite Groups and Orders, Vol. 1 Charles W. Curtis, Irving ReinerThis paperback edition of the standard algebra text reviews the development of the representation theory of finite groups and associative algebras and discusses applications and connections with other parts of mathematics. The authors incorporate a self-contained account of the three main branches of representation theory - ordinary, modular, and integral - and demonstrate the connections between them. There is a wealth of illustrative examples and auxiliary results, and almost every section contains exercises.Representation Theory of Finite Groups and Associative Algebras Charles W. Curtis, Irving ReinerThis book offers a self-contained and up-to-date account of the representation theory of finite groups and associative rings and algebras. It pays particular attention to the theory of induced characters and induced representations, quasi-Frobenius rings and Frobenius algebras, integral representations, and the theory of modular representations. While emphasizing general methods and building the theory on the study of modules over rings with minimal condition, the book features enough examples and problems to help the researcher who needs to compute explicit representations for particular groups. In addition, the text includes some applications of group representations to the structure theory of finite groups, and a survey of current literature dealing with these applications. Neither encyclopedic nor historical in nature, this work concentrates instead on the most important and fruitful results, yet includes as much preliminary material as necessary for their proofs.Algebraic Geometry I: Algebraic Curves, Algebraic Manifolds and Schemes V.I. Danilov, V.V. Shokurov, I. Shafarevich"... To sum up, this book helps to learn algebraic geometry in a short time, its concrete style is enjoyable for students and reveals the beauty of mathematics." —Acta Scientiarum MathematicarumTheory of Lattice-Ordered Groups Michael DarnelProvides a thorough discussion of the orderability of a group. The book details the major developments in the theory of lattice-ordered groups, delineating standard approaches to structural and permutation representations. A radically new presentation of the theory of varieties of lattice-ordered groups is offered.;This work is intended for pure and applied mathematicians and algebraists interested in topics such as group, order, number and lattice theory, universal algebra, and representation theory; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.;College or university bookstores may order five or more copies at a special student price which is available from Marcel Dekker Inc, upon request.Multiplicative Number Theory Harold Davenport, H.L. MontgomeryThe new edition of this thorough examination of the distribution of prime numbers in arithmetic progressions offers many revisions and corrections as well as a new section recounting recent works in the field. The book covers many classical results, including the Dirichlet theorem on the existence of prime numbers in arithmetical progressions and the theorem of Siegel. It also presents a simplified, improved version of the large sieve method.Introduction to Lattices and Order B. A. Davey, H. A. PriestleyOrdered structures have been increasingly recognized in recent years due to an explosion of interest in theoretical computer science and all areas of discrete mathematics. This book covers areas such as ordered sets and lattices. A key feature of ordered sets, one which is emphasized in the text, is that they can be represented pictorially. Lattices are also considered as algebraic structures and hence a purely algebraic study is used to reinforce the ideas of homomorphisms and of ideals encountered in group theory and ring theory. Exposure to elementary abstract algebra and the rotation of set theory are the only prerequisites for this text. For the new edition, much has been rewritten or expanded and new exercises have been added.Introduction to Lattices and Order B. A. Davey, H. A. PriestleyOrdered structures have been increasingly recognized in recent years due to an explosion of interest in theoretical computer science and all areas of discrete mathematics. This book covers areas such as ordered sets and lattices. A key feature of ordered sets, one which is emphasized in the text, is that they can be represented pictorially. Lattices are also considered as algebraic structures and hence a purely algebraic study is used to reinforce the ideas of homomorphisms and of ideals encountered in group theory and ring theory. Exposure to elementary abstract algebra and the rotation of set theory are the only prerequisites for this text. For the new edition, much has been rewritten or expanded and new exercises have been added.Algebra Lineal Juan Burgos deComplex Tori and Abelian Varieties Olivier DebarreThis graduate-level textbook introduces the classical theory of complex tori and abelian varieties, while presenting in parallel more modern aspects of complex algebraic and analytic geometry. Beginning with complex elliptic curves, the book moves on to the higher-dimensional case, giving characterizations from different points of view of those complex tori which are abelian varieties, i.e., those that can be holomorphically embedded in a projective space. This allows, on the one hand, for illuminating the computations of nineteenth-century mathematicians, and on the other, familiarizing readers with more recent theories.Complex tori are ideal in this respect: one can perform 'hands-on' computations without the theory being totally trivial. Standard theorems about abelian varieties are proved, and moduli spaces are discussed. Recent results on the geometry and topology of some subvarieties of a complex torus are also included. The book contains numerous examples and exercises. It is a very good starting point for studying algebraic geometry, suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in algebra and algebraic geometry.Tores et variétés abéliennes complexes Olivier DebarreTores et variétés abéliennes complexes Olivier DebarreTheory of Algebraic Integers Richard DedekindThe invention of ideals by Dedekind in the 1870s was well ahead of its time, and proved to be the genesis of what today we would call algebraic number theory. His memoir "Sur la Theorie des Nombres Entiers Algebriques" first appeared in installments in the Bulletin des sciences mathematiques in 1877. This book is a translation of that work by John Stillwell, who adds a detailed introduction giving historical background and who outlines the mathematical obstructions that Dedekind was striving to overcome. Dedekind's memoir offers a candid account of the development of an elegant theory and provides blow by blow comments regarding the many difficulties encountered en route. This book is a must for all number theorists.Quantum Fields and Strings: A Course for Mathematicians Pierre Deligne, Pavel Etingof, Daniel S. Freed, Lisa C. Jeffrey, David Kazhdan, John W. Morgan, David R. Morrison, Edward WittenIdeas from quantum field theory and string theory have had considerable impact on mathematics over the past 20 years. Advances in many different areas have been inspired by insights from physics.In 1996-97 the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, NJ) organized a special year-long program designed to teach mathematicians the basic physical ideas which underlie the mathematical applications. The purpose is eloquently stated in a letter written by Robert MacPherson: "The goal is to create and convey an understanding, in terms congenial to mathematicians, of some fundamental notions of physics ... [and to] develop the sort of intuition common among physicists for those who are used to thought processes stemming from geometry and algebra." These volumes are a written record of the program. They contain notes from several long and many short courses covering various aspects of quantum field theory and perturbative string theory. The courses were given by leading physicists and the notes were written either by the speakers or by mathematicians who participated in the program. The book also includes problems and solutions worked out by the editors and other leading participants. Interspersed are mathematical texts with background material and commentary on some topics covered in the lectures. These two volumes present the first truly comprehensive introduction to this field aimed at a mathematics audience. They offer a unique opportunity for mathematicians and mathematical physicists to learn about the beautiful and difficult subjects of quantum field theory and string theory. Quantum Fields and Strings: A Course for Mathematicians Pierre DeligneIdeas from quantum field theory and string theory have had considerable impact on mathematics over the past 20 years. Advances in many different areas have been inspired by insights from physics.In 1996-97 the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, NJ) organized a special year-long program designed to teach mathematicians the basic physical ideas which underlie the mathematical applications. The purpose is eloquently stated in a letter written by Robert MacPherson: "The goal is to create and convey an understanding, in terms congenial to mathematicians, of some fundamental notions of physics ... [and to] develop the sort of intuition common among physicists for those who are used to thought processes stemming from geometry and algebra." These volumes are a written record of the program. They contain notes from several long and many short courses covering various aspects of quantum field theory and perturbative string theory. The courses were given by leading physicists and the notes were written either by the speakers or by mathematicians who participated in the program. The book also includes problems and solutions worked out by the editors and other leading participants. Interspersed are mathematical texts with background material and commentary on some topics covered in the lectures. These two volumes present the first truly comprehensive introduction to this field aimed at a mathematics audience. They offer a unique opportunity for mathematicians and mathematical physicists to learn about the beautiful and difficult subjects of quantum field theory and string theory. Seminaire sur les Singularites des Surfaces: Centre de Mathematiques de l'Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau 1976-1977 M. Demazure, H. Pinkham, B. TeissierCálculo numérico fundamental Boris Pavlovich DemidovichParaninfo. Madrid. 1985. 22 cm. 746 p. Encuadernación en tapa blanda de editorial ilustrada. Traducido por Miguel Molinos Calvo ; supervisado por Rafael Portaencasa Baeza. Cálculo numérico. Maron, I. A . Cubierta deslucida. Depósito legal: M 38588-1984Foundations of Computational Mathematics Ronald Devore, Arieh Iserles, Endre SüliThe Society for the Foundations of Computational Mathematics supports fundamental research in a wide spectrum of computational mathematics and its application areas. As part of its endeavour to promote research in computational mathematics, the society regularly organizes conferences and workshops which bring together leading researchers in the diverse fields impinging on all aspects of computation. This book presents thirteen papers written by plenary speakers from the 1999 conference, all of whom are the foremost figures in their respective fields. Topics covered include complexity theory, approximation theory, optimization, computational geometry, stochastic systems and the computation of partial differential equations.Algebraic Topology and Transformation Groups: Proceedings of a Conference held in Göttingen, FRG, August 23-29, 1987 Tammo tom DieckAlgebraic Topology Tammo Tom DieckThis book is written as a textbook on algebraic topology. The first part covers the material for two introductory courses about homotopy and homology. The second part presents more advanced applications and concepts (duality, characteristic classes, homotopy groups of spheres, bordism). The author recommends starting an introductory course with homotopy theory. For this purpose, classical results are presented with new elementary proofs. Alternatively, one could start more traditionally with singular and axiomatic homology. Additional chapters are devoted to the geometry of manifolds, cell complexes and fibre bundles. A special feature is the rich supply of nearly 500 exercises and problems. Several sections include topics which have not appeared before in textbooks as well as simplified proofs for some important results. Prerequisites are standard point set topology (as recalled in the first chapter), elementary algebraic notions (modules, tensor product), and some terminology from category theory. The aim of the book is to introduce advanced undergraduate and graduate (master's) students to basic tools, concepts and results of algebraic topology. Sufficient background material from geometry and algebra is included. A publication of the European Mathematical Society (EMS). Distributed within the Americas by the American Mathematical Society.Calogero-Moser-Sutherland Models Jan F. van Diejen, Luc VinetIn the 1970s F. Calogero and D. Sutherland discovered that for certain potentials in one-dimensional systems, but for any number of particles, the Schrödinger eigenvalue problem is exactly solvable. Until then, there was only one known nontrivial example of an exactly solvable quantum multi-particle problem. J. Moser subsequently showed that the classical counterparts to these models is also amenable to an exact analytical approach. The last decade has witnessed a true explosion of activities involving Calogero-Moser-Sutherland models, and these now play a role in research areas ranging from theoretical physics (such as soliton theory, quantum field theory, string theory, solvable models of statistical mechanics, condensed matter physics, and quantum chaos) to pure mathematics (such as representation theory, harmonic analysis, theory of special functions, combinatorics of symmetric functions, dynamical systems, random matrix theory, and complex geometry). The aim of this volume is to provide an overview of the many branches into which research on CMS systems has diversified in recent years. The contributions are by leading researchers from various disciplines in whose work CMS systems appear, either as the topic of investigation itself or as a tool for further applications.Algebraic Methods and Q-Special Functions Jan Felipe Van Diejen, Luc VinetThere has been revived interest in recent years in the study of special functions. Many of the latest advances in the field were inspired by the works of R. A. Askey and colleagues on basic hypergeometric series and I. G. Macdonald on orthogonal polynomials related to root systems. Significant progress was made by the use of algebraic techniques involving quantum groups, Hecke algebras, and combinatorial methods. The CRM organized a workshop for key researchers in the field to present an overview of current trends. This volume consists of the contributions to that workshop. The topics include basic hypergeometric functions, algebraic and representation-theoretic methods, combinatorics of symmetric functions, root systems, and the connections with integrable systems.La Geometrie des groupes classiques Jean DieudonneLectures on Number Theory Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, Richard Dedekind, P. G. L. DirichletThis volume is a translation of Dirichlet's Vorlesungen über Zahlentheorie which includes nine supplements by Dedekind and an introduction by John Stillwell, who translated the volume.Lectures on Number Theory is the first of its kind on the subject matter. It covers most of the topics that are standard in a modern first course on number theory, but also includes Dirichlet's famous results on class numbers and primes in arithmetic progressions. The book is suitable as a textbook, yet it also offers a fascinating historical perspective that links Gauss with modern number theory. The legendary story is told how Dirichlet kept a copy of Gauss's Disquisitiones Arithmeticae with him at all times and how Dirichlet strove to clarify and simplify Gauss's results. Dedekind's footnotes document what material Dirichlet took from Gauss, allowing insight into how Dirichlet transformed the ideas into essentially modern form. Also shown is how Gauss built on a long tradition in number theory—going back to Diophantus—and how it set the agenda for Dirichlet's work. This important book combines historical perspective with transcendent mathematical insight. The material is still fresh and presented in a very readable fashion. This volume is one of an informal sequence of works within the History of Mathematics series. Volumes in this subset, "Sources", are classical mathematical works that served as cornerstones for modern mathematical thought. (For another historical translation by Professor Stillwell, see Sources of Hyperbolic Geometry, Volume 10 in the History of Mathematics series.) Sylow Theory, Formations and Fitting Classes in Locally Finite Groups Martyn R. DixonExamines the generalizations of the Sylow theorems and the related topics of formations and fitting classes to locally finite groups. The book also contains details of Sunkov's and Belyaev's results on locally finite groups with min-p for all primes p.A Crash Course on Kleinian Groups 400 A., B. Eckmann (Eds) DoldLectures on Algebraic Topology Albrecht Dold, A. DoldSpringer is reissuing a selected few highly successful books in a new, inexpensive softcover edition to make them easily accessible to younger generations of students and researchers. Springer-Verlag began publishing books in higher mathematics in 1920. This is a reprint of the Second Edition.Algebraic Geometry: Proceedings of the Third Midwest Algebraic Geometry Conference held at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA, November 14-15, 1981 I. DolgachevClassical Algebraic Geometry: A Modern View Igor V. DolgachevAlgebraic geometry has benefited enormously from the powerful general machinery developed in the latter half of the twentieth century. The cost has been that much of the research of previous generations is in a language unintelligible to modern workers, in particular, the rich legacy of classical algebraic geometry, such as plane algebraic curves of low degree, special algebraic surfaces, theta functions, Cremona transformations, the theory of apolarity and the geometry of lines in projective spaces. The author's contemporary approach makes this legacy accessible to modern algebraic geometers and to others who are interested in applying classical results. The vast bibliography of over 600 references is complemented by an array of exercises that extend or exemplify results given in the book.Group Representation Theory (in 2 parts). Part A: Ordinary Representation Theory. Part B: Modular Representation Theory. (=Pure and applied Mathematics, Vol. 7). [2 vols]. Larry DornhoffGroup representation theory. Part A: Ordinary Representation Theory Larry L DornhoffThis book grew out of a year course in representation theory of finite groups given at the University of Illinois during 1969-1970. Its primary purpose is to provide a readable account of several major applications of representation theory to the structure of finite groups. The book should serve well as a text for a graduate course in representation theory and be useful for individual study by graduate students and mathematicians wishing to familiarize themselves with the subject. Part A separately should be useful as a text for a course in ordinary representation theory, with applications; exercises have been included in Part A to aid in this purpose. This book presupposes knowledge of only several basic topics in algebra. These include the Sylow theorems and the structure of finite abelian groups from group theory; the structure of finitely generated modules over principal ideal domains; the notion of tensor product of modules over noncommutative rings; and occasionally basic Galois theory of fields. In Part A, we begin by developing the structure theory for semi-simple rings with unit.Group representation theory. Larry L. DornhoffHolomorphic Functions and Moduli I: Proceedings of a Workshop held March 13-19, 1986 D. Drasin, C.J. Earle, F.W. Gehring, I. Kra, A. MardenThe Spring 1986 Program in Geometric Function Theory (GFT) at the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) brought together mathe maticians interested in Teichmiiller theory, quasiconformal mappings, Kleinian groups, univalent functions and value distribution. It included a large and stimulating Workshop, preceded by a mini-conference on String Theory attended by both mathematicians and physicists. These activities produced interesting results and fruitful interactions among the partici pants. These volumes represent only a portion of the papers that will even tually result from ideas developed in the offices and corridors of MSRI's elegant home. The Editors solicited contributions from all participants in the Program whether or not they gave a talk at the Workshop. Papers were also submit ted by mathematicians invited but unable to attend. All manuscripts were refereed. The articles included here cover a broad spectrum, representative of the activities during the semester. We have made an attempt to group them by subject, for the reader's convenience. The Editors take pleasure in thanking all participants, authors and ref erees for their work in producing these volumes. We are also grateful to the Scientific Advisory Council of MSRI for sup porting the Program in GFT. Finally thanks are due to the National Sci ence Foundation and those Universities (including Cornell, Michigan, Min nesota, Rutgers Newark, SUNY Stony Brook) who gave released time to faculty members to participate for extended periods in this program.Holomorphic Functions and Moduli II: Proceedings of a Workshop held March 13-19, 1986 David Drasin, C.J. Earle, F.W. Gehring, I. Kra, A. MardenThe Spring 1986 Program in Geometric Function Theory (GFT) at the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) brought together mathe maticians interested in Teichmiiller theory, quasiconformal mappings, Kleinian groups, univalent functions and value distribution. It included a large and stimulating Workshop, preceded by a mini-conference on String Theory attended by both mathematicians and physicists. These activities produced interesting results and fruitful interactions among the partici pants. These volumes represent only a portion of the papers that will even tually result from ideas developed in the offices and corridors of MSRI's elegant home. The Editors solicited contributions from all participants in the Program whether or not they gave a talk at the Workshop. Papers were also submit ted by mathematicians invited but unable to attend. All manuscripts were refereed. The articles included here cover a broad spectrum, representative of the activities during the semester. We have made an attempt to group them by subject, for the reader's convenience. The Editors take pleasure in thanking all participants, authors and ref erees for their work in producing these volumes. We are also grateful to the Scientific Advisory Council of MSRI for sup porting the Program in GFT. Finally thanks are due to the National Sci ence Foundation and those Universities (including Cornell, Michigan, Min nesota, Rutgers Newark, SUNY Stony Brook) who gave released time to faculty members to participate for extended periods in this program.Abstract Algebra, 3rd Edition David S. Dummit, Richard M. FooteWidely acclaimed algebra text. This book is designed to give the reader insight into the power and beauty that accrues from a rich interplay between different areas of mathematics. The book carefully develops the theory of different algebraic structures, beginning from basic definitions to some in-depth results, using numerous examples and exercises to aid the reader's understanding. In this way, readers gain an appreciation for how mathematical structures and their interplay lead to powerful results and insights in a number of different settings.* The emphasis throughout has been to motivate the introduction and development of important algebraic concepts using as many examples as possible. Abstract Algebra, 3rd Edition David S. Dummit, Richard M. FooteWidely acclaimed algebra text. This book is designed to give the reader insight into the power and beauty that accrues from a rich interplay between different areas of mathematics. The book carefully develops the theory of different algebraic structures, beginning from basic definitions to some in-depth results, using numerous examples and exercises to aid the reader's understanding. In this way, readers gain an appreciation for how mathematical structures and their interplay lead to powerful results and insights in a number of different settings.* The emphasis throughout has been to motivate the introduction and development of important algebraic concepts using as many examples as possible. Linear Operators, General Theory Nelson Dunford, Jacob T. SchwartzThis classic text, written by two notable mathematicians, constitutes a comprehensive survey of the general theory of linear operations, together with applications to the diverse fields of more classical analysis. Dunford and Schwartz emphasize the significance of the relationships between the abstract theory and its applications. This text has been written for the student as well as for the mathematician—treatment is relatively self-contained. This is a paperback edition of the original work, unabridged, in three volumes.Linear Operators, Part 3: Spectral Operators Nelson Dunford, Jacob T. SchwartzThis classic text, written by two notable mathematicians, constitutes a comprehensive survey of the general theory of linear operations, together with applications to the diverse fields of more classical analysis. Dunford and Schwartz emphasize the significance of the relationships between the abstract theory and its applications. This text has been written for the student as well as for the mathematician—treatment is relatively self-contained. This is a paperback edition of the original work, unabridged, in three volumes.Curvature and Characteristic Classes J.L. DupontBook by Dupont, J.L.Elementary Linear Algebra C. Henry Edwards, David E. PenneyAn introduction to elementary linear algebra – designed especially for those interested in computer science, business and economics, the natural and social sciences, engineering, or mathematics.Linear Algebra Harold M. EdwardsIn his new undergraduate textbook, Harold M. Edwards proposes a radically new and thoroughly algorithmic approach to linear algebra. Originally inspired by the constructive philosophy of mathematics championed in the 19th century by Leopold Kronecker, the approach is well suited to students in the computer-dominated late 20th century.Each proof is an algorithm described in English that can be translated into the computer language the class is using and put to work solving problems and generating new examples, making the study of linear algebra a truly interactive experience. Designed for a one-semester course, this text adopts an algorithmic approach to linear algebra giving the student many examples to work through and copious exercises to test their skills and extend their knowledge of the subject. Students at all levels will find much interactive instruction in this text while teachers will find stimulating examples and methods of approach to the subject. One Semester of Elliptic Curves Torsten EkedahlThese lecture notes grew out of a one semester introductory course on elliptic curves given to an audience of computer science and mathematics students, and assume only minimal background knowledge. After having covered basic analytic and algebraic aspects, putting special emphasis on explaining the interplay between algebraic and analytic formulas, they go on to some more specialized topics. These include the $j$-function from an algebraic and analytic perspective, a discussion of elliptic curves over finite fields, derivation of recursion formulas for the division polynomials, the algebraic structure of the torsion points of an elliptic curve, complex multiplication, and modular forms. In an effort to motivate basic problems the book starts very slowly but considers some aspects such as modular forms of higher level which are not usually treated. It presents more than 100 exercises and a Mathematica TM notebook that treats a number of calculations involving elliptic curves. The book is aimed at students of mathematics with a general interest in elliptic curves but also at students of computer science interested in their cryptographic aspects. A publication of the European Mathematical Society (EMS). Distributed within the Americas by the American Mathematical Society.Differential Equations and the Calculus of Variations. L. ElsgoltsLow-dimensional Topology and Kleinian Groups D. B. A. EpsteinVolume 2 is divided into three parts: the first 'Surfaces' contains an article by Thurston on earthquakes and by Penner on traintracks. The second part is entitled 'Knots and 3-Manifolds' and the final part 'Kleinian Groups'.Fundamentals of Hyperbolic Manifolds: Selected Expositions R. D. Canary A. Marden D. B. A. EpsteinThis book includes reissued articles from two classic sources on hyperbolic manifolds. Part I is an exposition of some of Thurston's pioneering Princeton Notes, with a new introduction describing recent advances, including an up-to-date bibliography. Part II expounds the theory of convex hull boundaries: a new appendix describes recent work. Part III is Thurston's famous paper on earthquakes in hyperbolic geometry. The final part introduces the theory of measures on the limit set. Graduate students and researchers will welcome this rigorous introduction to the modern theory of hyperbolic manifolds.Lectures on Vanishing Theorems Helene Esnault, Eckart ViehwegIntroduction M. Kodaira's vanishing theorem, saying that the inverse of an ample invert ible sheaf on a projective complex manifold X has no cohomology below the dimension of X and its generalization, due to Y. Akizuki and S. Nakano, have been proven originally by methods from differential geometry ([39J and [1]). Even if, due to J.P. Serre's GAGA-theorems [56J and base change for field extensions the algebraic analogue was obtained for projective manifolds over a field k of characteristic p = 0, for a long time no algebraic proof was known and no generalization to p > 0, except for certain lower dimensional manifolds. Worse, counterexamples due to M. Raynaud [52J showed that in characteristic p > 0 some additional assumptions were needed. This was the state of the art until P. Deligne and 1. Illusie [12J proved the degeneration of the Hodge to de Rham spectral sequence for projective manifolds X defined over a field k of characteristic p > 0 and liftable to the second Witt vectors W2(k). Standard degeneration arguments allow to deduce the degeneration of the Hodge to de Rham spectral sequence in characteristic zero, as well, a re sult which again could only be obtained by analytic and differential geometric methods beforehand. As a corollary of their methods M. Raynaud (loc. cit.) gave an easy proof of Kodaira vanishing in all characteristics, provided that X lifts to W2(k).Computational Algebraic Geometry Frederic Eyssette, Andre GalligoThe theory and practice of computation in algebraic geometry and related domains, from a mathematical point of view, has generated an increasing interest both for its rich theoretical possibilities and its usefulness in applications in science and engineering. In fact, it is one of the master keys for future significant improvement of the computer algebra systems (e.g., Reduce, Macsyma, Maple, Mathematica, Axiom, Macaulay, etc.) that have become such useful tools for many scientists in a variety of disciplines. The major themes covered in this volume, arising from papers p- sented at the conference MEGA-92 were: - Effective methods and complexity issues in commutative algebra, projective geometry, real geometry, and algebraic number theory - Algebra-geometric methods in algebraic computing and applica- tions. MEGA-92 was the second of a new series of European conferences on the general theme of Effective Methods in Algebraic Geometry. It was held in Nice, France, on April 21-25, 1992 and built on the themes presented at MEGA-90 (Livomo, Italy, April 17-21, 1990). The next conference - MEGA-94 - will be held in Santander, Spain in the spring of 1994. The Organizing committee that initiatiod and supervises this bi- enniel conference consists of A. Conte (Torino), J. H. Davenport (Bath), A. Galligo (Nice), D. Yu. Grigoriev (Petersburg), J. Heintz (Buenos Aires), W. Lassner (Leipzig), D. Lazard (paris), H. M. MOller (Hagen), T. Mora (Genova), M. Pohst (DUsseldort), T. Recio (Santander), J. J.Functional Analysis and Infinite-Dimensional Geometry Marian Fabian, Petr Habala, Petr Hajek, Vicente Montesinos Santalucia, Jan Pelant, Vaclav ZizlerThis book introduces the basic principles of functional analysis and areas of Banach space theory that are close to nonlinear analysis and topology. The text can be used in graduate courses or for independent study. It includes a large number of exercises of different levels of difficulty, accompanied by hints.Riemann Surfaces Hershel M. Farkas, Irwin KraThis text covers Riemann surface theory from elementary aspects to the fontiers of current research. Open and closed surfaces are treated with emphasis on the compact case, while basic tools are developed to describe the analytic, geometric, and algebraic properties of Riemann surfaces and the associated Abelian varities. Topics covered include existence of meromorphic functions, the Riemann-Roch theorem, Abel's theorem, the Jacobi inversion problem, Noether's theorem, and the Riemann vanishing theorem. A complete treatment of the uniformization of Riemann sufaces via Fuchsian groups, including branched coverings, is presented, as are alternate proofs for the most important results, showing the diversity of approaches to the subject. Of interest not only to pure mathematicians, but also to physicists interested in string theory and related topics.Riemann Surfaces Hershel M. Farkas, Irwin KraThis text covers Riemann surface theory from elementary aspects to the fontiers of current research. Open and closed surfaces are treated with emphasis on the compact case, while basic tools are developed to describe the analytic, geometric, and algebraic properties of Riemann surfaces and the associated Abelian varities. Topics covered include existence of meromorphic functions, the Riemann-Roch theorem, Abel's theorem, the Jacobi inversion problem, Noether's theorem, and the Riemann vanishing theorem. A complete treatment of the uniformization of Riemann sufaces via Fuchsian groups, including branched coverings, is presented, as are alternate proofs for the most important results, showing the diversity of approaches to the subject. Of interest not only to pure mathematicians, but also to physicists interested in string theory and related topics.Theta Functions on Riemann Surfaces J. D. FayKernel Functions, Analytic Torsion, and Moduli Spaces John D. FayElementary Geometry in Hyperbolic Space Werner FenchelBook by Fenchel, Werner, Fenchel, W.Real Analysis: Modern Techniques and Their Applications Gerald B. FollandAn in-depth look at real analysis and its applications-now expanded and revised.This new edition of the widely used analysis book continues to cover real analysis in greater detail and at a more advanced level than most books on the subject. Encompassing several subjects that underlie much of modern analysis, the book focuses on measure and integration theory, point set topology, and the basics of functional analysis. It illustrates the use of the general theories and introduces readers to other branches of analysis such as Fourier analysis, distribution theory, and probability theory. This edition is bolstered in content as well as in scope-extending its usefulness to students outside of pure analysis as well as those interested in dynamical systems. The numerous exercises, extensive bibliography, and review chapter on sets and metric spaces make Real Analysis: Modern Techniques and Their Applications, Second Edition invaluable for students in graduate-level analysis courses. New features include: * Revised material on the n-dimensional Lebesgue integral. * An improved proof of Tychonoff's theorem. * Expanded material on Fourier analysis. * A newly written chapter devoted to distributions and differential equations. * Updated material on Hausdorff dimension and fractal dimension. Lectures on Riemann Surfaces Otto ForsterThis book grew out of lectures on Riemann surfaces given by Otto Forster at the universities of Munich, Regensburg, and Münster. It provides a concise modern introduction to this rewarding subject, as well as presenting methods used in the study of complex manifolds in the special case of complex dimension one.From the reviews: "This book deserves very serious consideration as a text for anyone contemplating giving a course on Riemann surfaces."—-MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS Algebraic Geometry And Topology: A Symposium In Honor Of S. Lefschetz Ralph Hartzler Fox, Donald Clayton Spencer, Albert William TuckerPrinceton Mathematical Series, No. 12. Additional Editor Is Marston Morse. Contributors Include W. V. D. Hodge, Norman E. Steenrod, S. Lefschetz, And Many Others.Calculus With Analytic Geometry John B. Fraleighcalculus with analytic geometry textbook.A First Course in Abstract Algebra, 7th Edition John B. FraleighConsidered a classic by many, A First Course in Abstract Algebra, Seventh Edition is an in-depth introduction to abstract algebra. Focused on groups, rings and fields, this text gives students a firm foundation for more specialized work by emphasizing an understanding of the nature of algebraic structures.Sets and Relations; GROUPS AND SUBGROUPS; Introduction and Examples; Binary Operations; Isomorphic Binary Structures; Groups; Subgroups; Cyclic Groups; Generators and Cayley Digraphs; PERMUTATIONS, COSETS, AND DIRECT PRODUCTS; Groups of Permutations; Orbits, Cycles, and the Alternating Groups; Cosets and the Theorem of Lagrange; Direct Products and Finitely Generated Abelian Groups; Plane Isometries; HOMOMORPHISMS AND FACTOR GROUPS; Homomorphisms; Factor Groups; Factor-Group Computations and Simple Groups; Group Action on a Set; Applications of G-Sets to Counting; RINGS AND FIELDS; Rings and Fields; Integral Domains; Fermat's and Euler's Theorems; The Field of Quotients of an Integral Domain; Rings of Polynomials; Factorization of Polynomials over a Field; Noncommutative Examples; Ordered Rings and Fields; IDEALS AND FACTOR RINGS; Homomorphisms and Factor Rings; Prime and Maximal Ideas; Gröbner Bases for Ideals; EXTENSION FIELDS; Introduction to Extension Fields; Vector Spaces; Algebraic Extensions; Geometric Constructions; Finite Fields; ADVANCED GROUP THEORY; Isomorphism Theorems; Series of Groups; Sylow Theorems; Applications of the Sylow Theory; Free Abelian Groups; Free Groups; Group Presentations; GROUPS IN TOPOLOGY; Simplicial Complexes and Homology Groups; Computations of Homology Groups; More Homology Computations and Applications; Homological Algebra; Factorization; Unique Factorization Domains; Euclidean Domains; Gaussian Integers and Multiplicative Norms; AUTOMORPHISMS AND GALOIS THEORY; Automorphisms of Fields; The Isomorphism Extension Theorem; Splitting Fields; Separable Extensions; Totally Inseparable Extensions; Galois Theory; Illustrations of Galois Theory; Cyclotomic Extensions; Insolvability of the Quintic; Matrix Algebra For all readers interested in abstract algebra. Student's Solutions Manual to Accompany Calculus with Analytic Geometry - Second Edition John B. FraleighStudent's Solutions Manual to Accompany Calculus with Analytic Geometry - Second EditionFree Lattices Ralph FreeseThis book explores the surprisingly rich and complex structure of free lattices. The first part of the book presents a complete exposition of the basic theory of free lattices, projective lattices, and lattices which are bounded homomorphic images of a free lattice, as well as applications of these results to other areas. This portion of the book is suitable for use in a graduate course in lattice theory or general algebra. The second part of the book contains new results about free lattices and new proofs of known results, providing the reader with a coherent picture of the fine structure of free lattices. The book closes with an analysis of algorithms for free lattices and finite lattices that is accessible to researchers in other areas and depends only on the first chapter and a small part of the second. Several open problems appear throughout the book and, for easy reference, are assembled in a section at the end. Synthesizing seventy years of research, this is the only comprehensive treatment available of the theory of free lattices.Complex Analysis 2: Riemann Surfaces, Several Complex Variables, Abelian Functions, Higher Modular Functions Eberhard FreitagThe book contains a complete self-contained introduction to highlights of classical complex analysis. New proofs and some new results are included. All needed notions are developed within the book: with the exception of some basic facts which can be found in the ¯rst volume. There is no comparable treatment in the literature.Linear Algebra, 4th Edition Stephen H. Friedberg, Arnold J. Insel, Lawrence E. SpenceThis top-selling, theorem-proof book presents a careful treatment of the principle topics of linear algebra, and illustrates the power of the subject through a variety of applications. It emphasizes the symbiotic relationship between linear transformations and matrices, but states theorems in the more general infinite-dimensional case where appropriate. Chapter topics cover vector spaces, linear transformations and matrices, elementary matrix operations and systems of linear equations, determinants, diagonalization, inner product spaces, and canonical forms. For statisticians and engineers.Algebraic Number Theory A. Fröhlich, M. J. TaylorThis book provides a brisk, thorough treatment of the foundations of algebraic number theory on which it builds to introduce more advanced topics. Throughout, the authors emphasize the systematic development of techniques for the explicit calculation of the basic invariants such as rings of integers, class groups, and units, combining at each stage theory with explicit computations.Central Extensions, Galois, Groups and Ideal Class Groups of Number Fields Albrecht FrohlichThese notes deal with a set of interrelated problems and results in algebraic number theory, in which there has been renewed activity in recent years. The underlying tool is the theory of the central extensions and, in most general terms, the underlying aim is to use class field theoretic methods to reach beyond Abelian extensions. One purpose of this book is to give an introductory survey, assuming the basic theorems of class field theory as mostly recalled in section 1 and giving a central role to the Tate cohomology groups. The principal aim is, however, to use the general theory as developed here, together with the special features of class field theory over, to derive some rather strong theorems of a very concrete nature, as base field. The specialization of the theory of central extensions to the base field is shown to derive from an underlying principle of wide applicability.The author describes certain non-Abelian Galois groups over the rational field and their inertia subgroups, and uses this description to gain information on ideal class groups of absolutely Abelian fields, all in entirely rational terms. Precise and explicit arithmetic results are obtained, reaching far beyond anything available in the general theory. The theory of the genus field, which is needed as background as well as being of independent interest, is presented in section 2. In section 3, the theory of central extension is developed. The special features are pointed out throughout. Section 4 deals with Galois groups, and applications to class groups are considered in section 5. Finally, section 6 contains some remarks on the history and literature, but no completeness is attempted.Partially Ordered Algebraic Systems Laszlo FuchsOriginally published in an important series of books on pure and applied mathematics, this monograph by a distinguished mathematician explores a high-level area in algebra. It constitutes the first systematic summary of research concerning partially ordered groups, semigroups, rings, and fields.The self-contained treatment features numerous problems, complete proofs, a detailed bibliography, and indexes. It presumes some knowledge of abstract algebra, providing necessary background and references where appropriate. This inexpensive edition of a hard-to-find systematic survey will fill a gap in many individual and institutional libraries. Representation Theory FultonAlgebraic Curves: An Introduction to Algebraic Geometry William FultonAlgebraic Topology: A First Course William FultonThis book introduces the important ideas of algebraic topology by emphasizing the relation of these ideas with other areas of mathematics. Rather than choosing one point of view of modern topology (homotropy theory, axiomatic homology, or differential topology, say) the author concentrates on concrete problems in spaces with a few dimensions, introducing only as much algebraic machinery as necessary for the problems encountered. This makes it possible to see a wider variety of important features in the subject than is common in introductory texts; it is also in harmony with the historical development of the subject. The book is aimed at students who do not necessarily intend on specializing in algebraic topology.Introduction to Intersection Theory in Algebraic Geometry William FultonThis book introduces some of the main ideas of modern intersection theory, traces their origins in classical geometry and sketches a few typical applications. It requires little technical background: much of the material is accessible to graduate students in mathematics. A broad survey, the book touches on many topics, most importantly introducing a powerful new approach developed by the author and R. MacPherson. It was written from the expository lectures delivered at the NSF-supported CBMS conference at George Mason University, held June 27-July 1, 1983. The author describes the construction and computation of intersection products by means of the geometry of normal cones. In the case of properly intersecting varieties, this yields Samuel's intersection multiplicity; at the other extreme it gives the self-intersection formula in terms of a Chern class of the normal bundle; in general it produces the excess intersection formula of the author and R. MacPherson. Among the applications presented are formulas for degeneracy loci, residual intersections, and multiple point loci; dynamic interpretations of intersection products; Schubert calculus and solutions to enumerative geometry problems; Riemann-Roch theorems.Representation Theory: A First Course William Fulton, Joe HarrisIntroducing finite-dimensional representations of Lie groups and Lie algebras, this example-oriented book works from representation theory of finite groups, through Lie groups and Lie algrbras to the finite dimensional representations of the classical groups.INVITACION A LAS GEOMETRIAS NO EUCLIDIANAS ANA IRENE; SIENRA LOERA, GUILLERMO RAMIREZ GALAZARZAThe Theory of Matrices F. R. GantmacherThis treatise, by one of Russia's leading mathematicians, gives in easily accessible form a coherent account of matrix theory with a view to applications in mathematics, theoretical physics, statistics, electrical engineering, etc. The individual chapters have been kept as far as possible independent of each other, so that the reader acquainted with the contents of Chapter 1 can proceed immediately to the chapters of special interest. Until now, much of the material has been available only in the periodical literature.Applications of the Theory of Matrices. F.R. BRENNER, JL (trans.). GANTMACHERA Course in Galois Theory D. J. H. GarlingGalois theory is one of the most beautiful branches of mathematics. By synthesising the techniques of group theory and field theory it provides a complete answer to the problem of the solubility of polynomials by radicals: that is, the problem of determining when and how a polynomial equation can be solved by repeatedly extracting roots and using elementary algebraic operations. This textbook, based on lectures given over a period of years at Cambridge, is a detailed and thorough introduction to the subject. The work begins with an elementary discussion of groups, fields and vector spaces, and then leads the reader through such topics as rings, extension fields, ruler-and-compass constructions, to automorphisms and the Galois correspondence. By these means, the problem of the solubility of polynomials by radicals is answered; in particular it is shown that not every quintic equation can be solved by radicals. Throughout, Dr Garling presents the subject not as something closed, but as one with many applications. In the final chapters, he discusses further topics, such as transcendence and the calculation of Galois groups, which indicate that there are many questions still to be answered. The reader is assumed to have no previous knowledge of Galois theory. Some experience of modern algebra is helpful, so that the book is suitable for undergraduates in their second or final years. There are over 200 exercises which provide a stimulating challenge to the reader.Arithmetic Algebraic Geometry G. van der Geer, F. Oort, Joseph SteenbrinkArithmetic algebraic geometry is in a fascinating stage of growth, providing a rich variety of applications of new tools to both old and new problems. Representative of these recent developments is the notion of Arakelov geometry, a way of "completing" a variety over the ring of integers of a number field by adding fibres over the Archimedean places. Another is the appearance of the relations between arithmetic geometry and Nevanlinna theory, or more precisely between diophantine approximation theory and the value distribution theory of holomorphic maps. Research mathematicians and graduate students in algebraic geometry and number theory will find a valuable and lively view of the field in this state-of-the-art selection.Algebraic Geometry Santa Cruz 1995: Summer Research Institute on Algebraic Geometry, July 9-29, 1995, University of California, Santa Cruz Summer Research Institute on Algebraic Geometry, David R. Morrison, Janos Kollar, R. LazarsfeldThis volume contains many of the lectures delivered at the AMS Summer Research Institute on Algebraic Geometry held at the University of California, Santa Cruz, in July 1995. The aim of the conference was to provide a comprehensive view of the development of algebraic geometry in the past decade and to lay special emphasis on emerging new directions. The focus of the papers in these volumes is on expository surveys of important areas rather than on technical presentations of new results. This book is intended for graduate students and research mathematicains interested in algebraic geometry and related areas.Complex Analysis: In the Spirit of Lipman Bers Jane P. Gilman, Irwin Kra, Rubí E. RodríguezThe authors? aim here is to present a precise and concise treatment of those parts of complex analysis that should be familiar to every research mathematician. They follow a path in the tradition of Ahlfors and Bers by dedicating the book to a very precise goal: the statement and proof of the Fundamental Theorem for functions of one complex variable. They discuss the many equivalent ways of understanding the concept of analyticity, and offer a leisure exploration of interesting consequences and applications. Readers should have had undergraduate courses in advanced calculus, linear algebra, and some abstract algebra. No background in complex analysis is required.Complex Analysis: In the Spirit of Lipman Bers Rubi Rodriguez Irwin Kra Jane P. GilmanThe authors’ aim here is to present a precise and concise treatment of those parts of complex analysis that should be familiar to every research mathematician. They follow a path in the tradition of Ahlfors and Bers by dedicating the book to a very precise goal: the statement and proof of the Fundamental Theorem for functions of one complex variable. They discuss the many equivalent ways of understanding the concept of analyticity, and offer a leisure exploration of interesting consequences and applications. Readers should have had undergraduate courses in advanced calculus, linear algebra, and some abstract algebra. No background in complex analysis is required.Advances in Group Theory 2002 Martin L. Newell Francesco De GiovanniIntroduction to Compact Riemann Surfaces and Dessins d'Enfants Ernesto Girondo, Gabino González-DiezFew books on the subject of Riemann surfaces cover the relatively modern theory of dessins d'enfants (children's drawings), which was launched by Grothendieck in the 1980s and is now an active field of research. In this book, the authors begin with an elementary account of the theory of compact Riemann surfaces viewed as algebraic curves and as quotients of the hyperbolic plane by the action of Fuchsian groups of finite type. They then use this knowledge to introduce the reader to the theory of dessins d'enfants and its connection with algebraic curves defined over number fields. A large number of worked examples are provided to aid understanding, so no experience beyond the undergraduate level is required. Readers without any previous knowledge of the field of dessins d'enfants are taken rapidly to the forefront of current research.Partially Ordered Groups A. M. GlassRecently the theory of partially ordered groups has been used by analysts, algebraists, topologists and model theorists. This book presents the most important results and topics in the theory with proofs that rely on (and interplay with) other areas of mathematics. It concludes with a list of some unsolved problems for the reader to tackle. In stressing both the special techniques of the discipline and the overlap with other areas of pure mathematics, the book should be of interest to a wide audience in diverse areas of mathematics.The Classification of the Finite Simple Groups Daniel Gorenstein, Richard Lyons, Ronald SolomonThe classification of the finite simple groups is one of the major feats of contemporary mathematical research, but its proof has never been completely extricated from the journal literature in which it first appeared. This book serves as an introduction to a series devoted to organizing and simplifying the proof. The purpose of the series is to present as direct and coherent a proof as is possible with existing techniques. This first volume, which sets up the structure for the entire series, begins with largely informal discussions of the relationship between the Classification Theorem and the general structure of finite groups, as well as the general strategy to be followed in the series and a comparison with the original proof. Also listed are background results from the literature that will be used in subsequent volumes. Next, the authors formally present the structure of the proof and the plan for the series of volumes in the form of two grids, giving the main case division of the proof as well as the principal milestones in the analysis of each case. Thumbnail sketches are given of the ten or so principal methods underlying the proof. Much of the book is written in an expository style accessible to nonspecialists.Finite Groups Daniel GorensteinFinite Groups Daniel GorensteinThe theory of finite simple groups enjoyed a period of spectacular activity in the 1950s and 1960s. The first edition of Gorenstein's book was published in 1968, at the time of some of the first major classification results. The second edition was published in 1980, when it was clear that the classification was understood and the proof was within reach. Gorenstein's treatment of the subject proved prescient, as many of the developments between the two editions could be seen as continuations of the material in the book. Even now, the book remains one of the best sources for an introduction to finite groups and the classification of the simple groups. Gorenstein's insight provides a guiding light through the many pages that have been dedicated to the proof.Algebraic Geometry: Part I: Schemes. With Examples and Exercises Ulrich Görtz, Torsten WedhornThis book introduces the reader to modern algebraic geometry. It presents Grothendieck's technically demanding language of schemes that is the basis of the most important developments in the last fifty years within this area. A systematic treatment and motivation of the theory is emphasized, using concrete examples to illustrate its usefulness. Several examples from the realm of Hilbert modular surfaces and of determinantal varieties are used methodically to discuss the covered techniques. Thus the reader experiences that the further development of the theory yields an ever better understanding of these fascinating objects. The text is complemented by many exercises that serve to check the comprehension of the text, treat further examples, or give an outlook on further results. The volume at hand is an introduction to schemes. To get startet, it requires only basic knowledge in abstract algebra and topology. Essential facts from commutative algebra are assembled in an appendix. It will be complemented by a second volume on the cohomology of schemes.Linear Differential Equations and Group Theory from Riemann to Poincare Jeremy GrayThis book is a study of how a particular vision of the unity of mathematics, often called geometric function theory, was created in the 19th century. The central focus is on the convergence of three mathematical topics: the hypergeometric and related linear differential equations, group theory, and on-Euclidean geometry. The text for this second edition has been greatly expanded and revised, and the existing appendices enriched. The exercises have been retained, making it possible to use the book as a companion to mathematics courses at the graduate level.Lectures on algebraic topology Marvin J GreenbergBook by Greenberg, Marvin JAlgebraic Topology: A First Course Marvin J. Greenberg, John R. HarperGreat first book on algebraic topology. Introduces (co)homology through singular theory.Linear Algebra Werner H. GreubThis textbook gives a detailed and comprehensive presentation of linear algebra based on an axiomatic treatment of linear spaces. For this fourth edition some new material has been added to the text, for instance, the intrinsic treatment of the classical adjoint of a linear transformation in Chapter IV, as well as the discussion of quaternions and the classifica tion of associative division algebras in Chapter VII. Chapters XII and XIII have been substantially rewritten for the sake of clarity, but the contents remain basically the same as before. Finally, a number of problems covering new topics-e.g. complex structures, Caylay numbers and symplectic spaces - have been added. I should like to thank Mr. M. L. Johnson who made many useful suggestions for the problems in the third edition. I am also grateful to my colleague S. Halperin who assisted in the revision of Chapters XII and XIII and to Mr. F. Gomez who helped to prepare the subject index. Finally, I have to express my deep gratitude to my colleague J. R. Van stone who worked closely with me in the preparation of all the revisions and additions and who generously helped with the proof reading.Geometry of Algebraic Curves: Volume II with a contribution by Joseph Daniel Harris Enrico Arbarello Maurizio Cornalba Phillip GriffithsThe second volume of the Geometry of Algebraic Curves is devoted to the foundations of the theory of moduli of algebraic curves. Its authors are research mathematicians who have actively participated in the development of the Geometry of Algebraic Curves. The subject is an extremely fertile and active one, both within the mathematical community and at the interface with the theoretical physics community. The approach is unique in its blending of algebro-geometric, complex analytic and topological/combinatorial methods. It treats important topics such as Teichmüller theory, the cellular decomposition of moduli and its consequences and the Witten conjecture. The careful and comprehensive presentation of the material is of value to students who wish to learn the subject and to experts as a reference source.The first volume appeared 1985 as vol. 267 of the same series. Principles of Algebraic Geometry Phillip Griffiths, Joseph HarrisA comprehensive, self-contained treatment presenting general results of the theory. Establishes a geometric intuition and a working facility with specific geometric practices. Emphasizes applications through the study of interesting examples and the development of computational tools. Coverage ranges from analytic to geometric. Treats basic techniques and results of complex manifold theory, focusing on results applicable to projective varieties, and includes discussion of the theory of Riemann surfaces and algebraic curves, algebraic surfaces and the quadric line complex as well as special topics in complex manifolds.Principles of Algebraic Geometry Phillip Griffiths, Joseph HarrisA comprehensive, self-contained treatment presenting general results of the theory. Establishes a geometric intuition and a working facility with specific geometric practices. Emphasizes applications through the study of interesting examples and the development of computational tools. Coverage ranges from analytic to geometric. Treats basic techniques and results of complex manifold theory, focusing on results applicable to projective varieties, and includes discussion of the theory of Riemann surfaces and algebraic curves, algebraic surfaces and the quadric line complex as well as special topics in complex manifolds.Principles of Algebraic Geometry Phillip Griffiths, Joseph HarrisA comprehensive, self-contained treatment presenting general results of the theory. Establishes a geometric intuition and a working facility with specific geometric practices. Emphasizes applications through the study of interesting examples and the development of computational tools. Coverage ranges from analytic to geometric. Treats basic techniques and results of complex manifold theory, focusing on results applicable to projective varieties, and includes discussion of the theory of Riemann surfaces and algebraic curves, algebraic surfaces and the quadric line complex as well as special topics in complex manifolds.Introduction to Algebraic Curves Phillip A. GriffithsAlgebraic curves and compact Riemann surfaces comprise the most developed and arguably the most beautiful portion of algebraic geometry. However, the majority of books written on the subject discuss algebraic curves and compact Riemann surfaces separately, as parts of distinct general theories. Most texts and university courses on curve theory generally conclude with the Riemann-Roch theorem, despite the fact that this theorem is the gateway to some of the most fascinating results in the theory of algebraic curves. This book is based on a six-week series of lectures presented by the author to third- and fourth-year undergraduates and graduate students at Beijing University in 1982. The lectures began with minimal technical requirements (a working knowledge of elementary complex function theory and algebra together with some exposure to topology of compact surfaces) and proceeded directly to the Riemann-Roch and Abel theorems. This book differs from a number of recent books on this subject in that it combines analytic and geometric methods at the outset, so that the reader can grasp the basic results of the subject. Although such modern techniques of sheaf theory, cohomology, and commutative algebra are not covered here, the book provides a solid foundation to proceed to more advanced texts in general algebraic geometry, complex manifolds, and Riemann surfaces, as well as algebraic curves. Containing numerous exercises and two exams, this book would make an excellent introductory text.Abstract Algebra Pierre Antoine GrilletA completely reworked new edition of this superb textbook. This key work is geared to the needs of the graduate student. It covers, with proofs, the usual major branches of groups, rings, fields, and modules. Its inclusive approach means that all of the necessary areas are explored, while the level of detail is ideal for the intended readership. The text tries to promote the conceptual understanding of algebra as a whole, doing so with a masterful grasp of methodology. Despite the abstract subject matter, the author includes a careful selection of important examples, together with a detailed elaboration of the more sophisticated, abstract theories.Elements de Geometrie Algebrique I Alexandre Grothendieck, Jean Alexandre DieudonneFinite Reflection Groups L.C. Grove, C.T. BensonChapter 1 introduces some of the terminology and notation used later and indicates prerequisites. Chapter 2 gives a reasonably thorough account of all finite subgroups of the orthogonal groups in two and three dimensions. The presentation is somewhat less formal than in succeeding chapters. For instance, the existence of the icosahedron is accepted as an empirical fact, and no formal proof of existence is included. Throughout most of Chapter 2 we do not distinguish between groups that are "geo metrically indistinguishable," that is, conjugate in the orthogonal group. Very little of the material in Chapter 2 is actually required for the sub sequent chapters, but it serves two important purposes: It aids in the development of geometrical insight, and it serves as a source of illustrative examples. There is a discussion offundamental regions in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 provides a correspondence between fundamental reflections and funda mental regions via a discussion of root systems. The actual classification and construction of finite reflection groups takes place in Chapter 5. where we have in part followed the methods of E. Witt and B. L. van der Waerden. Generators and relations for finite reflection groups are discussed in Chapter 6. There are historical remarks and suggestions for further reading in a Post lude.Theta Functions Bowdoin 1987 Robert C. Gunning, Leon EhrenpreisProceedings of Symposia in Pure MathematicsAnalisis matematico / Introduction to Analysis: Curso de introduccion / Introductory Course Norman Haaser, Joseph LA Salle, Joseph SullivanBook by Haaser, Norman, LA Salle, Joseph, Sullivan, JosephDifferential Equations: Stability, Oscillations, Time Lags A. HalanayIntroduction to Hilbert Space P. R. HalmosThis text gives an introduction to Hilbert Space and the theory of spectral multiplicity.Measure Theory Paul R. HalmosUseful as a text for students and a reference for the more advanced mathematician, this book presents a unified treatment of that part of measure theory most useful for its application in modern analysis. Coverage includes sets and classes, measures and outer measures, Haar measure and measure and topology in groups.From the reviews: "Will serve the interested student to find his way to active and creative work in the field of Hilbert space theory." —MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS In the Tradition of Ahlfors-bers Ursula Hamenstädt, Alan W. Reid, Rubi Rodriguez, Steffen Rohde, Michael WolfThe Ahlfors-Bers Colloquia commemorate the mathematical legacy of Lars Ahlfors and Lipman Bers. The core of this legacy lies in the fields of geometric function theory, Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, and partial differential equations. However, the work of Ahlfors and Bers has impacted and created interactions with many other fields of mathematics, such as algebraic geometry, dynamical systems, topology, geometric group theory, mathematical physics, and number theory. Recent years have seen a flowering of this legacy with an increased interest in their work. This current volume contains articles on a wide variety of subjects that are central to this legacy. These include papers in Kleinian groups, classical Riemann surface theory, translation surfaces, algebraic geometry and dynamics. The majority of the papers present new research, but there are survey articles as well.Lectures on the Theory of Elliptic Functions Harris HancockPrized for its extensive coverage of classical material, this text is also well regarded for its unusual fullness of treatment and its comprehensive discussion of both theory and applications. The author developes the theory of elliptic integrals, beginning with formulas establishing the existence, formation, and treatment of all three types, and concluding with the most general description of these integrals in terms of the Riemann surface. The theories of Legendre, Abel, Jacobi, and Weierstrass are developed individually and correlated with the universal laws of Riemann. The important contributory theorems of Hermite and Liouville are also fully developed. 1910 ed.Guide to Elliptic Curve Cryptography Darrel Hankerson, Alfred J. Menezes, Scott VanstoneAfter two decades of research and development, elliptic curve cryptography now has widespread exposure and acceptance. Industry, banking, and government standards are in place to facilitate extensive deployment of this efficient public-key mechanism.Anchored by a comprehensive treatment of the practical aspects of elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), this guide explains the basic mathematics, describes state-of-the-art implementation methods, and presents standardized protocols for public-key encryption, digital signatures, and key establishment. In addition, the book addresses some issues that arise in software and hardware implementation, as well as side-channel attacks and countermeasures. Readers receive the theoretical fundamentals as an underpinning for a wealth of practical and accessible knowledge about efficient application. Features & Benefits: * Breadth of coverage and unified, integrated approach to elliptic curve cryptosystems * Describes important industry and government protocols, such as the FIPS 186-2 standard from the U.S. National Institute for Standards and Technology * Provides full exposition on techniques for efficiently implementing finite-field and elliptic curve arithmetic * Distills complex mathematics and algorithms for easy understanding * Includes useful literature references, a list of algorithms, and appendices on sample parameters, ECC standards, and software tools This comprehensive, highly focused reference is a useful and indispensable resource for practitioners, professionals, or researchers in computer science, computer engineering, network design, and network data security. An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers G. H. Hardy, E. M. WrightThis is the fifth edition of a work (first published in 1938) which has become the standard introduction to the subject. The book has grown out of lectures delivered by the authors at Oxford, Cambridge, Aberdeen, and other universities. It is neither a systematic treatise on the theory of numbers nor a 'popular' book for non-mathematical readers. It contains short accounts of the elements of many different sides of the theory, not usually combined in a single volume; and, although it is written for mathematicians, the range of mathematical knowledge presupposed is not greater than that of an intelligent first-year student. In this edition, the main changes are in the notes at the end of each chapter. Sir Edward Wright seeks to provide up-to-date references for the reader who wishes to pursue a particular topic further and to present, both in the notes and in the text, a reasonably accurate account of the present state of knowledge.Algebraic Geometry Robin HartshorneAn introduction to abstract algebraic geometry, with the only prerequisites being results from commutative algebra, which are stated as needed, and some elementary topology. More than 400 exercises distributed throughout the book offer specific examples as well as more specialised topics not treated in the main text, while three appendices present brief accounts of some areas of current research. This book can thus be used as textbook for an introductory course in algebraic geometry following a basic graduate course in algebra.Robin Hartshorne studied algebraic geometry with Oscar Zariski and David Mumford at Harvard, and with J.-P. Serre and A. Grothendieck in Paris. He is the author of "Residues and Duality", "Foundations of Projective Geometry", "Ample Subvarieties of Algebraic Varieties", and numerous research titles. Discrete Groups and Automorphic Functions W. J. HarveyShipped from UK, please allow 10 to 21 business days for arrival. xiv, 405 pp. ill. Includes bibliographies and index. Proceedings of an Instructional Conference. Organized by the London Mathematical Society and the University of Cambridge (a Nato Advanced Study Institute). Good Clean Copy.Algebraic Topology Allen HatcherIn most major universities one of the three or four basic first-year graduate mathematics courses is algebraic topology. This introductory text is suitable for use in a course on the subject or for self-study, featuring broad coverage and a readable exposition, with many examples and exercises. The four main chapters present the basics: fundamental group and covering spaces, homology and cohomology, higher homotopy groups, and homotopy theory generally. The author emphasizes the geometric aspects of the subject, which helps students gain intuition. A unique feature is the inclusion of many optional topics not usually part of a first course due to time constraints: Bockstein and transfer homomorphisms, direct and inverse limits, H-spaces and Hopf algebras, the Brown representability theorem, the James reduced product, the Dold-Thom theorem, and Steenrod squares and powers.Geometric Theory of Semilinear Parabolic Equations Daniel HenryThis volume on geometric theory of semilinear parabolic equations includes chapters on dynamical systems and Liapunov stability, linear non-autonomous equations, and invarient manifolds near and equilibrium point.Noncommutative Rings I. N. Herstein"Nommutative Rings" provides a cross-section of ideas, techniques and results that give the reader an idea of that part of algebra which concerns itself with noncommutative rings. In the space of 200 pages, Herstein covers the Jacobson radical, semisimple rings, commutativity theorems, simple algebras, representations of finite groups, polynomial identities, Goldie's theorem and the Golod-Shafarevitch theorem. Almost every practicing ring theorist has studied portions of this classic monograph.Topics in Algebra, 2nd Edition I. N. HersteinNew edition includes extensive revisions of the material on finite groups and Galois Theory. New problems added throughout.Elementary Theory of L-functions and Eisenstein Series Haruzo HidaThis book is a comprehensive and systematic account of the theory of p-adic and classical modular forms and the theory of the special values of arithmetic L-functions and p-adic L-functions. The approach is basically algebraic, and the treatment is elementary. No deep knowledge from algebraic geometry and representation theory is required. The author's main tool in dealing with these problems is taken from cohomology theory over Riemann surfaces, which is also explained in detail in the book. He also gives a concise but thorough treatment of analytic continuation and functional equation. Graduate students wishing to know more about L-functions will find this a unique introduction to this fascinating branch of mathematics.Elliptic Curves and Arithmetic Invariants Haruzo HidaThis book contains a detailed account of the result of the author's recent Annals paper and JAMS paper on arithmetic invariant, including μ-invariant, L-invariant, and similar topics. This book can be regarded as an introductory text to the author's previous book p-Adic Automorphic Forms on Shimura Varieties. Written as a down-to-earth introduction to Shimura varieties, this text includes many examples and applications of the theory that provide motivation for the reader. Since it is limited to modular curves and the corresponding Shimura varieties, this book is not only a great resource for experts in the field, but it is also accessible to advanced graduate students studying number theory. Key topics include non-triviality of arithmetic invariants and special values of L-functions; elliptic curves over complex and p-adic fields; Hecke algebras; scheme theory; elliptic and modular curves over rings; and Shimura curves.Foundations of Geometry David HilbertBook by Hilbert, DavidGroups, Representations and Characters V.E. HillTopological Methods in Algebraic Geometry: Reprint of the 1978 Edition Friedrich Hirzebruch, F. HirzebruchIn recent years new topological methods, especially the theory of sheaves founded by J. LERAY, have been applied successfully to algebraic geometry and to the theory of functions of several complex variables. H. CARTAN and J. -P. SERRE have shown how fundamental theorems on holomorphically complete manifolds (STEIN manifolds) can be for mulated in terms of sheaf theory. These theorems imply many facts of function theory because the domains of holomorphy are holomorphically complete. They can also be applied to algebraic geometry because the complement of a hyperplane section of an algebraic manifold is holo morphically complete. J. -P. SERRE has obtained important results on algebraic manifolds by these and other methods. Recently many of his results have been proved for algebraic varieties defined over a field of arbitrary characteristic. K. KODAIRA and D. C. SPENCER have also applied sheaf theory to algebraic geometry with great success. Their methods differ from those of SERRE in that they use techniques from differential geometry (harmonic integrals etc. ) but do not make any use of the theory of STEIN manifolds. M. F. ATIYAH and W. V. D. HODGE have dealt successfully with problems on integrals of the second kind on algebraic manifolds with the help of sheaf theory. I was able to work together with K. KODAIRA and D. C. SPENCER during a stay at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton from 1952 to 1954.Topological Methods in Algebraic Geometry (Ergebnisse Der Mathematik Und Ihrer Grenzgebiete 131) Second, Corrected Printing of the Third Edition R. HirzebruchLinear Algebra Kenneth M Hoffman, Ray KunzeThis introduction to linear algebra features intuitive introductions and examples to motivate important ideas and to illustrate the use of results of theorems.Linear Equations; Vector Spaces; Linear Transformations; Polynomials; Determinants; Elementary canonical Forms; Rational and Jordan Forms; Inner Product Spaces; Operators on Inner Product Spaces; Bilinear Forms For all readers interested in linear algebra. Perfect Groups Derek F. Holt, W. PleskenHere is a unique guide devoted exclusively to a new and innovative area of mathematical study. The volume, prepared by internationally known experts in computational group theory, provides a systematic source of examples of finite perfect groups. Approaching the subject from both a theoretical and practical standpoint, this book includes discussion of the classification of finite perfect groups of small order and the use of infinite perfect groups to construct infinite sequences of finite perfect groups. These discussions will also provide informative material on subgraphs and asymptotic behavior. The second part of this valuable reference, which can be utilized independently or as part of a unified whole, gives the reader two sets of tables which provide fast access to most perfect groups of order up to one million, as well as low-dimensional perfect (crystallographic) space groups.Matrix Analysis Roger A. Horn, Charles R. JohnsonLinear algebra and matrix theory are fundamental tools in mathematical and physical science, as well as fertile fields for research. This new edition of the acclaimed text presents results of both classic and recent matrix analysis using canonical forms as a unifying theme, and demonstrates their importance in a variety of applications. The authors have thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded on the first edition. The book opens with an extended summary of useful concepts and facts and includes numerous new topics and features, such as: - New sections on the singular value and CS decompositions - New applications of the Jordan canonical form - A new section on the Weyr canonical form - Expanded treatments of inverse problems and of block matrices - A central role for the Von Neumann trace theorem - A new appendix with a modern list of canonical forms for a pair of Hermitian matrices and for a symmetric-skew symmetric pair - Expanded index with more than 3,500 entries for easy reference - More than 1,100 problems and exercises, many with hints, to reinforce understanding and develop auxiliary themes such as finite-dimensional quantum systems, the compound and adjugate matrices, and the Loewner ellipsoid - A new appendix provides a collection of problem-solving hints.Reflection Groups and Coxeter Groups James E. HumphreysIn this graduate textbook Professor Humphreys presents a concrete and up-to-date introduction to the theory of Coxeter groups. He assumes that the reader has a good knowledge of algebra, but otherwise the book is self contained. The first part is devoted to establishing concrete examples; the author begins by developing the most important facts about finite reflection groups and related geometry, and showing that such groups have a Coxeter representation. In the next chapter these groups are classified by Coxeter diagrams, and actual realizations of these groups are discussed. Chapter 3 discusses the polynomial invariants of finite reflection groups, and the first part ends with a description of the affine Weyl groups and the way they arise in Lie theory. The second part (which is logically independent of, but motivated by, the first) starts by developing the properties of the Coxeter groups. Chapter 6 shows how earlier examples and others fit into the general classification of Coxeter diagrams. Chapter 7 is based on the very important work of Kazhdan and Lusztig and the last chapter presents a number of miscellaneous topics of a combinatorial nature.Algebra Thomas W. HungerfordFinally a self-contained, one volume, graduate-level algebra text that is readable by the average graduate student and flexible enough to accommodate a wide variety of instructors and course contents. The guiding principle throughout is that the material should be presented as general as possible, consistent with good pedagogy. Therefore it stresses clarity rather than brevity and contains an extraordinarily large number of illustrative exercises.Algebra Thomas W. HungerfordFinally a self-contained, one volume, graduate-level algebra text that is readable by the average graduate student and flexible enough to accommodate a wide variety of instructors and course contents. The guiding principle throughout is that the material should be presented as general as possible, consistent with good pedagogy. Therefore it stresses clarity rather than brevity and contains an extraordinarily large number of illustrative exercises.Algebra Thomas W. HungerfordFinally a self-contained, one volume, graduate-level algebra text that is readable by the average graduate student and flexible enough to accommodate a wide variety of instructors and course contents. The guiding principle throughout is that the material should be presented as general as possible, consistent with good pedagogy. Therefore it stresses clarity rather than brevity and contains an extraordinarily large number of illustrative exercises.Character Theory of Finite Groups Bertram HuppertRepresentation theory and character theory are basic tools for the study of the structure of finite groups. Based on the classical results by Frobenius, Burnside, and Schur, character theory makes a central contribution to the complete classification of finite simple groups. This text serves as an introduction to this part of group theory. The book gives in its first section of self-contained introduction to the charcater theory of finite groups, which can be used for a first lecture on the subject. Later sections concentrate on Clifford theory, that is the relations between characters of a group and its normal subgroups.Introduction to topological groups Taqdir HusainCharacter Theory of Finite Groups I Martin IsaacsBy I. Martin Isaacs Character Theory of Finite Groups I. Martin IsaacsCharacter Theory of Finite Groups I. Martin IsaacsCharacter theory is a powerful tool for understanding finite groups. In particular, the theory has been a key ingredient in the classification of finite simple groups. Characters are also of interest in their own right, and their properties are closely related to properties of the structure of the underlying group. The book begins by developing the module theory of complex group algebras. After the module-theoretic foundations are laid in the first chapter, the focus is primarily on characters. This enhances the accessibility of the material for students, which was a major consideration in the writing. Also with students in mind, a large number of problems are included, many of them quite challenging. In addition to the development of the basic theory (using a cleaner notation than previously), a number of more specialized topics are covered with accessible presentations. These include projective representations, the basics of the Schur index, irreducible character degrees and group structure, complex linear groups, exceptional characters, and a fairly extensive introduction to blocks and Brauer characters. This is a corrected reprint of the original 1976 version, later reprinted by Dover. Since 1976 it has become the standard reference for character theory, appearing in the bibliography of almost every research paper in the subject. It is largely self-contained, requiring of the reader only the most basic facts of linear algebra, group theory, Galois theory and ring and module theory.Character Theory of Finite Groups I. Martin Isaacs"The book is a pleasure to read. There is no question but that it will become, and deserves to be, a widely used textbook and reference." — Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society.Character theory provides a powerful tool for proving theorems about finite groups. In addition to dealing with techniques for applying characters to "pure" group theory, a large part of this book is devoted to the properties of the characters themselves and how these properties reflect and are reflected in the structure of the group. Chapter I consists of ring theoretic preliminaries. Chapters 2 to 6 and 8 contain the basic material of character theory, while Chapter 7 treats an important technique for the application of characters to group theory. Chapter 9 considers irreducible representations over arbitrary fields, leading to a focus on subfields of the complex numbers in Chapter 10. In Chapter 15 the author introduces Brauer’s theory of blocks and "modular characters." Remaining chapters deal with more specialized topics, such as the connections between the set of degrees of the irreducible characters and structure of a group. Following each chapter is a selection of carefully thought out problems, including exercises, examples, further results and extensions and variations of theorems in the text. Prerequisites for this book are some basic finite group theory: the Sylow theorems, elementary properties of permutation groups and solvable and nilpotent groups. Also useful would be some familiarity with rings and Galois theory. In short, the contents of a first-year graduate algebra course should be sufficient preparation. Finite Group Theory I. Martin IsaacsThe text begins with a review of group actions and Sylow theory. It includes semidirect products, the Schur-Zassenhaus theorem, the theory of commutators, coprime actions on groups, transfer theory, Frobenius groups, primitive and multiply transitive permutation groups, the simplicity of the PSL groups, the generalized Fitting subgroup and also Thompson's J-subgroup and his normal $p$-complement theorem. Topics that seldom (or never) appear in books are also covered. These include subnormality theory, a group-theoretic proof of Burnside's theorem about groups with order divisible by just two primes, the Wielandt automorphism tower theorem, Yoshida's transfer theorem, the ``principal ideal theorem'' of transfer theory and many smaller results that are not very well known. Proofs often contain original ideas, and they are given in complete detail. In many cases they are simpler than can be found elsewhere. The book is largely based on the author's lectures, and consequently, the style is friendly and somewhat informal. Finally, the book includes a large collection of problems at disparate levels of difficulty. These should enable students to practice group theory and not just read about it. Martin Isaacs is professor of mathematics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Over the years, he has received many teaching awards and is well known for his inspiring teaching and lecturing. He received the University of Wisconsin Distinguished Teaching Award in 1985, the Benjamin Smith Reynolds Teaching Award in 1989, and the Wisconsin Section MAA Teaching Award in 1993, to name only a few. He was also honored by being the selected MAA Polya Lecturer in 2003-2005.Finite Group Theory I. Martin IsaacsThe text begins with a review of group actions and Sylow theory. It includes semidirect products, the Schur-Zassenhaus theorem, the theory of commutators, coprime actions on groups, transfer theory, Frobenius groups, primitive and multiply transitive permutation groups, the simplicity of the PSL groups, the generalized Fitting subgroup and also Thompson's J-subgroup and his normal $p$-complement theorem. Topics that seldom (or never) appear in books are also covered. These include subnormality theory, a group-theoretic proof of Burnside's theorem about groups with order divisible by just two primes, the Wielandt automorphism tower theorem, Yoshida's transfer theorem, the ``principal ideal theorem'' of transfer theory and many smaller results that are not very well known. Proofs often contain original ideas, and they are given in complete detail. In many cases they are simpler than can be found elsewhere. The book is largely based on the author's lectures, and consequently, the style is friendly and somewhat informal. Finally, the book includes a large collection of problems at disparate levels of difficulty. These should enable students to practice group theory and not just read about it. Martin Isaacs is professor of mathematics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Over the years, he has received many teaching awards and is well known for his inspiring teaching and lecturing. He received the University of Wisconsin Distinguished Teaching Award in 1985, the Benjamin Smith Reynolds Teaching Award in 1989, and the Wisconsin Section MAA Teaching Award in 1993, to name only a few. He was also honored by being the selected MAA Polya Lecturer in 2003-2005.Analytic Number Theory (Colloquium Publications, Vol. 53) (Colloquium Publications (Amer Mathematical Soc)) Henryk Iwaniec, Emmanuel KowalskiAnalytic Number Theory distinguishes itself by the variety of tools it uses to establish results. One of the primary attractions of this theory is its vast diversity of concepts and methods. The main goals of this book are to show the scope of the theory, both in classical and modern directions, and to exhibit its wealth and prospects, beautiful theorems, and powerful techniques.The book is written with graduate students in mind, and the authors nicely balance clarity, completeness, and generality. The exercises in each section serve dual purposes, some intended to improve readers' understanding of the subject and others providing additional information. Formal prerequisites for the major part of the book do not go beyond calculus, complex analysis, integration, and Fourier series and integrals. In later chapters automorphic forms become important, with much of the necessary information about them included in two survey chapters. Topics in Classical Automorphic Forms Henryk IwaniecThe book is based on the notes from the graduate course given by the author at Rutgers University in the fall of 1994 and the spring of 1995. The main goal of the book is to acquaint the reader with various perspectives of the theory of automorphic forms. In addition to detailed and often nonstandard exposition of familiar topics of the theory, particular attention is paid to such subjects as theta-functions and representations by quadratic forms.Riemann and Klein Surfaces, Automorphisms, Symmetries and Moduli Spaces Milagros Izquierdo, S. Allen Broughton, Antonio F. Costa, Rubi E. RodriguezThis volume contains the proceedings of the conference on Riemann and Klein Surfaces, Symmetries and Moduli Spaces, in honor of Emilio Bujalance, held from June 24-28, 2013, at Linkoping University. The conference and this volume are devoted to the mathematics that Emilio Bujalance has worked with in the following areas, all with a computational flavor: Riemann and Klein surfaces, automorphisms of real and complex surfaces, group actions on surfaces and topological properties of moduli spaces of complex curves and Abelian varieties.Lectures in Abstract Algebra I: Basic Concepts N. JacobsonThe present volume is the first of three that will be published under the general title Lectures in Abstract Algebra. These vol umes are based on lectures which the author has given during the past ten years at the University of North Carolina, at The Johns Hopkins University, and at Yale "University. The general plan of the work IS as follows: The present first volume gives an introduction to abstract algebra and gives an account of most of the important algebraIc concepts. In a treatment of this type it is impossible to give a comprehensive account of the topics which are introduced. Nevertheless we have tried to go beyond the foundations and elementary properties of the algebraic sys tems. This has necessitated a certain amount of selection and omission. We feel that even at the present stage a deeper under standing of a few topics is to be preferred to a superficial under standing of many. The second and third volumes of this work will be more special ized in nature and will attempt to give comprehensive accounts of the topics which they treat. Volume II will bear the title Linear Algebra and will deal with the theorv of vectQ!_JlP. -a. ces. . . . . Volume III, The Theory of Fields and Galois Theory, will be con cerned with the algebraic structure offieras and with valuations of fields. All three volumes have been planned as texts for courses.Lectures in Abstract Algebra I: Basic Concepts N. JacobsonThe present volume is the first of three that will be published under the general title Lectures in Abstract Algebra. These vol umes are based on lectures which the author has given during the past ten years at the University of North Carolina, at The Johns Hopkins University, and at Yale "University. The general plan of the work IS as follows: The present first volume gives an introduction to abstract algebra and gives an account of most of the important algebraIc concepts. In a treatment of this type it is impossible to give a comprehensive account of the topics which are introduced. Nevertheless we have tried to go beyond the foundations and elementary properties of the algebraic sys tems. This has necessitated a certain amount of selection and omission. We feel that even at the present stage a deeper under standing of a few topics is to be preferred to a superficial under standing of many. The second and third volumes of this work will be more special ized in nature and will attempt to give comprehensive accounts of the topics which they treat. Volume II will bear the title Linear Algebra and will deal with the theorv of vectQ!_JlP. -a. ces. . . . . Volume III, The Theory of Fields and Galois Theory, will be con cerned with the algebraic structure offieras and with valuations of fields. All three volumes have been planned as texts for courses.Lectures in Abstract Algebra: II. Linear Algebra N. JacobsonThe present volume is the second in the author's series of three dealing with abstract algebra. For an understanding of this volume a certain familiarity with the basic concepts treated in Volume I: groups, rings, fields, homomorphisms, is presup posed. However, we have tried to make this account of linear algebra independent of a detailed knowledge of our first volume. References to specific results are given occasionally but some of the fundamental concepts needed have been treated again. In short, it is hoped that this volume can be read with complete understanding by any student who is mathematically sufficiently mature and who has a familiarity with the standard notions of modern algebra. Our point of view in the present volume is basically the abstract conceptual one. However, from time to time we have deviated somewhat from this. Occasionally formal calculational methods yield sharper results. Moreover, the results of linear algebra are not an end in themselves but are essential tools for use in other branches of mathematics and its applications. It is therefore useful to have at hand methods which are constructive and which can be applied in numerical problems. These methods sometimes necessitate a somewhat lengthier discussion but we have felt that their presentation is justified on the grounds indicated. A stu dent well versed in abstract algebra will undoubtedly observe short cuts. Some of these have been indicated in footnotes. We have included a large number of exercises in the text.Lectures in Abstract Algebra: III. Theory of Fields and Galois Theory N. JacobsonThe present volume completes the series of texts on algebra which the author began more than ten years ago. The account of field theory and Galois theory which we give here is based on the notions and results of general algebra which appear in our first volume and on the more elementary parts of the second volume, dealing with linear algebra. The level of the present work is roughly the same as that of Volume II. In preparing this book we have had a number of objectives in mind. First and foremost has been that of presenting the basic field theory which is essential for an understanding of modern algebraic number theory, ring theory, and algebraic geometry. The parts of the book concerned with this aspect of the subject are Chapters I, IV, and V dealing respectively with finite dimen sional field extensions and Galois theory, general structure theory of fields, and valuation theory. Also the results of Chapter IlIon abelian extensions, although of a somewhat specialized nature, are of interest in number theory. A second objective of our ac count has been to indicate the links between the present theory of fields and the classical problems which led to its development.Lectures in Abstract Algebra: III. Theory of Fields and Galois Theory N. JacobsonThe present volume completes the series of texts on algebra which the author began more than ten years ago. The account of field theory and Galois theory which we give here is based on the notions and results of general algebra which appear in our first volume and on the more elementary parts of the second volume, dealing with linear algebra. The level of the present work is roughly the same as that of Volume II. In preparing this book we have had a number of objectives in mind. First and foremost has been that of presenting the basic field theory which is essential for an understanding of modern algebraic number theory, ring theory, and algebraic geometry. The parts of the book concerned with this aspect of the subject are Chapters I, IV, and V dealing respectively with finite dimen sional field extensions and Galois theory, general structure theory of fields, and valuation theory. Also the results of Chapter IlIon abelian extensions, although of a somewhat specialized nature, are of interest in number theory. A second objective of our ac count has been to indicate the links between the present theory of fields and the classical problems which led to its development.Basic Algebra II: Second Edition Nathan JacobsonA classic text and standard reference for a generation, this volume and its companion are the work of an expert algebraist who taught at Yale for more than three decades. Nathan Jacobson's books possess a conceptual and theoretical orientation; in addition to their value as classroom texts, they serve as valuable references.Volume II comprises all of the subjects usually covered in a first-year graduate course in algebra. Topics include categories, universal algebra, modules, basic structure theory of rings, classical representation theory of finite groups, elements of homological algebra with applications, commutative ideal theory, and formally real fields. In addition to the immediate introduction and constant use of categories and functors, it revisits many topics from Volume I with greater depth and sophistication. Exercises appear throughout the text, along with insightful, carefully explained proofs. Lectures in Abstract Algebra Vol 1-3 Nathan Jacobson3 volume work by Nathan Jacobson in abstract algebraRepresentations and Characters of Groups, Second Edition Gordon James, Martin LiebeckThis is the second edition of the popular textbook on representation theory of finite groups. The authors have revised the text greatly and included new chapters on Characters of GL(2,q) and Permutations and Characters. The theory is developed in terms of modules, since this is appropriate for more advanced work, but considerable emphasis is placed upon constructing characters. The character tables of many groups are given, including all groups of order less than 32, and all but one of the simple groups of order less than 1000. Each chapter is accompanied by a variety of exercises, and full solutions to all the exercises are provided at the end of the book.Representations and Characters of Groups, Second Edition Gordon James, Martin LiebeckThis is the second edition of the popular textbook on representation theory of finite groups. The authors have revised the text greatly and included new chapters on Characters of GL(2,q) and Permutations and Characters. The theory is developed in terms of modules, since this is appropriate for more advanced work, but considerable emphasis is placed upon constructing characters. The character tables of many groups are given, including all groups of order less than 32, and all but one of the simple groups of order less than 1000. Each chapter is accompanied by a variety of exercises, and full solutions to all the exercises are provided at the end of the book.Topology Klaus JänichContents: Introduction. - Fundamental Concepts. - Topological Vector Spaces.- The Quotient Topology. - Completion of Metric Spaces. - Homotopy. - The Two Countability Axioms. - CW-Complexes. - Construction of Continuous Functions on Topological Spaces. - Covering Spaces. - The Theorem of Tychonoff. - Set Theory (by T. Br|cker). - References. - Table of Symbols. -Index.Set Theory Thomas JechThis monograph covers the recent major advances in various areas of set theory.From the reviews: "One of the classical textbooks and reference books in set theory....The present ‘Third Millennium’ edition...is a whole new book. In three parts the author offers us what in his view every young set theorist should learn and master....This well-written book promises to influence the next generation of set theorists, much as its predecessor has done." —MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS Matrix Theory and Applications. Proc Held Phoenix, Jan 10-11, 1989 Charles R. JohnsonComplex Functions: An Algebraic and Geometric Viewpoint Gareth A. Jones, David SingermanElliptic functions and Riemann surfaces played an important role in nineteenth-century mathematics. At the present time there is a great revival of interest in these topics not only for their own sake but also because of their applications to so many areas of mathematical research from group theory and number theory to topology and differential equations. In this book the authors give elementary accounts of many aspects of classical complex function theory including Möbius transformations, elliptic functions, Riemann surfaces, Fuchsian groups and modular functions. A distinctive feature of their presentation is the way in which they have incorporated into the text many interesting topics from other branches of mathematics. This book is based on lectures given to advanced undergraduates and is well-suited as a textbook for a second course in complex function theory. Professionals will also find it valuable as a straightforward introduction to a subject which is finding widespread application throughout mathematics.Compact Riemann Surfaces: An Introduction to Contemporary Mathematics Jürgen JostThis book is novel in its broad perspective on Riemann surfaces: the text systematically explores the connection with other fields of mathematics. The book can serve as an introduction to contemporary mathematics as a whole, as it develops background material from algebraic topology, differential geometry, the calculus of variations, elliptic PDE, and algebraic geometry. The book is unique among textbooks on Riemann surfaces in its inclusion of an introduction to Teichmüller theory. For this new edition, the author has expanded and rewritten several sections to include additional material and to improve the presentation.Topology: An Introduction to the Point-Set and Algebraic Areas Donald W. Kahn, MathematicsExcellent text offers comprehensive coverage of elementary general topology as well as algebraic topology, specifically 2-manifolds, covering spaces and fundamental groups. The text is accessible to students at the advanced undergraduate or graduate level who are conversant with the basics of real analysis or advanced calculus. Problems, with selected solutions. Bibliography. 1975 edition.P-Adic Functional Analysis: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference, Vol. 207 J. KakolInfinite Abelian Groups Irving KaplanskyFuchsian Groups Svetlana KatokThis introductory text provides a thoroughly modern treatment of Fuchsian groups that addresses both the classical material and recent developments in the field. A basic example of lattices in semisimple groups, Fuchsian groups have extensive connections to the theory of a single complex variable, number theory, algebraic and differential geometry, topology, Lie theory, representation theory, and group theory.Holomorphic Functions of Several Variables Ludger Kaup, Burchard KaupGeneral Topology John L. KelleyComplex Abelian Varieties and Theta Functions George R. KempfAbelian varieties are a natural generalization of elliptic curves to higher dimensions, whose geometry and classification are as rich in elegant results as in the one-dimensional ease. The use of theta functions, particularly since Mumford's work, has been an important tool in the study of abelian varieties and invertible sheaves on them. Also, abelian varieties play a significant role in the geometric approach to modern algebraic number theory. In this book, Kempf has focused on the analytic aspects of the geometry of abelian varieties, rather than taking the alternative algebraic or arithmetic points of view. His purpose is to provide an introduction to complex analytic geometry. Thus, he uses Hermitian geometry as much as possible. One distinguishing feature of Kempf's presentation is the systematic use of Mumford's theta group. This allows him to give precise results about the projective ideal of an abelian variety. In its detailed discussion of the cohomology of invertible sheaves, the book incorporates material previously found only in research articles. Also, several examples where abelian varieties arise in various branches of geometry are given as a conclusion of the book.Complex Abelian Varieties and Theta Functions George R. KempfAbelian varieties are a natural generalization of elliptic curves to higher dimensions, whose geometry and classification are as rich in elegant results as in the one-dimensional ease. The use of theta functions, particularly since Mumford's work, has been an important tool in the study of abelian varieties and invertible sheaves on them. Also, abelian varieties play a significant role in the geometric approach to modern algebraic number theory. In this book, Kempf has focused on the analytic aspects of the geometry of abelian varieties, rather than taking the alternative algebraic or arithmetic points of view. His purpose is to provide an introduction to complex analytic geometry. Thus, he uses Hermitian geometry as much as possible. One distinguishing feature of Kempf's presentation is the systematic use of Mumford's theta group. This allows him to give precise results about the projective ideal of an abelian variety. In its detailed discussion of the cohomology of invertible sheaves, the book incorporates material previously found only in research articles. Also, several examples where abelian varieties arise in various branches of geometry are given as a conclusion of the book.Complex Abelian Varieties and Theta Functions George R. KempfAbelian varieties are a natural generalization of elliptic curves to higher dimensions, whose geometry and classification are as rich in elegant results as in the one-dimensional ease. The use of theta functions, particularly since Mumford's work, has been an important tool in the study of abelian varieties and invertible sheaves on them. Also, abelian varieties play a significant role in the geometric approach to modern algebraic number theory. In this book, Kempf has focused on the analytic aspects of the geometry of abelian varieties, rather than taking the alternative algebraic or arithmetic points of view. His purpose is to provide an introduction to complex analytic geometry. Thus, he uses Hermitian geometry as much as possible. One distinguishing feature of Kempf's presentation is the systematic use of Mumford's theta group. This allows him to give precise results about the projective ideal of an abelian variety. In its detailed discussion of the cohomology of invertible sheaves, the book incorporates material previously found only in research articles. Also, several examples where abelian varieties arise in various branches of geometry are given as a conclusion of the book.Abelian integrals George. KempfAbelian integrals George. KempfApplied Finite Group Actions Adalbert KerberWritten by one of the top experts in the fields of combinatorics and representation theory, this book distinguishes itself from the existing literature by its applications-oriented point of view. The second edition is extended, placing more emphasis on applications to the constructive theory of finite structures. Recent progress in this field, in particular in design and coding theory, is described.Complex Algebraic Curves Frances KirwanThis development of the theory of complex algebraic curves was one of the peaks of nineteenth century mathematics. They have many fascinating properties and arise in various areas of mathematics, from number theory to theoretical physics, and are the subject of much research. By using only the basic techniques acquired in most undergraduate courses in mathematics, Dr. Kirwan introduces the theory, observes the algebraic and topological properties of complex algebraic curves, and shows how they are related to complex analysis.Lectures on the icosahedron and the solution of equations of the fifth degree Felix KleinThis book was digitized and reprinted from the collections of the University of California Libraries. Together, the more than one hundred UC Libraries comprise the largest university research library in the world, with over thirty-five million volumes in their holdings. This book and hundreds of thousands of others can be found online in the HathiTrust Digital Library. HP's patented BookPrep technology was used to clean artifacts resulting from use and digitization, improving your reading experience. Despite the cleaning process, occasional flaws may still be present that are part of the original book, reflecting the journey of these collections over a lifetime of use.Lectures on the Icosahedron and the Solution of the Fifth Degree Felix KleinIn this classic of mathematical literature, first published in 1884, Felix Klein elegantly demonstrates how the rotation of icosahedron can be used to solve complex quintic equations. Divided into two parts-"Theory of the Icosahedron" and "The Theory of Equations of the Fifth Degree"-The Icosahedron covers: . the regular solids and the theory of groups . introduction of (x + iy) . statement and discussion of the fundamental problem, according to the theory of functions . the algebraical character of the fundamental problem . general theorems and survey of the subject . the historical development of the theory of equations of the fifth degree . introduction of geometrical material . the canonical equations of the fifth degree . the problem of the A's and the Jacobian equations of the sixth degree . the general equation of the fifth degree Complete with detailed equations and instructive material, The Icosahedron will be valued by experts in higher mathematics and students of algebra alike. German mathematician FELIX KLEIN (1849-1925) specialized in function theory, group theory, and non-Euclidean geometry. His published works include Elementary Mathematics from an Advanced Standpoint: Arithmetic, Algebra, Analysis; Elementary Mathematics from an Advanced Standpoint: Geometry; and Famous Problems of Elementary Geometry.Introductory Lectures on Siegel Modular Forms Helmut KlingenThis volume aims to present a straightforward and easily accessible survey of the analytic theory of quadratic forms. Written at an elementary level, the book provides a sound basis from which the reader can study advanced works and undertake original research. Roughly half a century ago C.L. Siegel discovered a new type of automorphic forms in several variables in connection with his famous work on the analytic theory of quadratic forms. Since then Siegel modular forms have been studied extensively because of their significance in both automorphic functions in several complex variables and number theory. The comprehensive theory of automorphic forms to subgroups of algebraic groups and the recent arithmetical theory of modular forms illustrate these two aspects in an illuminating manner. The text is based on the author's lectures given over a number of years and is intended for a one semester graduate course, although it can serve equally well for self study . The only prerequisites are a knowledge of algebra, number theory and complex analysis.Advanced Algebra Anthony W. KnappBasic Algebra and Advanced Algebra systematically develop concepts and tools in algebra that are vital to every mathematician, whether pure or applied, aspiring or established. Advanced Algebra includes chapters on modern algebra which treat various topics in commutative and noncommutative algebra and provide introductions to the theory of associative algebras, homological algebras, algebraic number theory, and algebraic geometry. Many examples and hundreds of problems are included, along with hints or complete solutions for most of the problems. Together the two books give the reader a global view of algebra and its role in mathematics as a whole.Elliptic Curves. Anthony W. KnappAn elliptic curve is a particular kind of cubic equation in two variables whose projective solutions form a group. Modular forms are analytic functions in the upper half plane with certain transformation laws and growth properties. The two subjects—elliptic curves and modular forms—come together in Eichler-Shimura theory, which constructs elliptic curves out of modular forms of a special kind. The converse, that all rational elliptic curves arise this way, is called the Taniyama-Weil Conjecture and is known to imply Fermat's Last Theorem.Elliptic curves and the modeular forms in the Eichler- Shimura theory both have associated L functions, and it is a consequence of the theory that the two kinds of L functions match. The theory covered by Anthony Knapp in this book is, therefore, a window into a broad expanse of mathematics—including class field theory, arithmetic algebraic geometry, and group representations—in which the concidence of L functions relates analysis and algebra in the most fundamental ways. Developing, with many examples, the elementary theory of elliptic curves, the book goes on to the subject of modular forms and the first connections with elliptic curves. The last two chapters concern Eichler-Shimura theory, which establishes a much deeper relationship between the two subjects. No other book in print treats the basic theory of elliptic curves with only undergraduate mathematics, and no other explains Eichler-Shimura theory in such an accessible manner. The Book of Involutions Alexander Merkurjev, Markus Rost, and Jean-Pierre Tignol Max-Albert Knus, Max-Albert KnusThis monograph is an exposition of the theory of central simple algebras with involution, in relation to linear algebraic groups. It provides the algebra-theoretic foundations for much of the recent work on linear algebraic groups over arbitrary fields. Involutions are viewed as twisted forms of (hermitian) quadrics, leading to new developments on the model of the algebraic theory of quadratic forms. In addition to classical groups, phenomena related to triality are also discussed, as well as groups of type $F_4$ or $G_2$ arising from exceptional Jordan or composition algebras. Several results and notions appear here for the first time, notably the discriminant algebra of an algebra with unitary involution and the algebra-theoretic counterpart to linear groups of type $D_4$. This volume also contains a Bibliography and Index. Features: original material not in print elsewhere a comprehensive discussion of algebra-theoretic and group-theoretic aspects extensive notes that give historical perspective and a survey on the literature rational methods that allow possible generalization to more general base ringsA Course in Number Theory and Cryptography NEAL KoblitzThis is a substantially revised and updated introduction to arithmetic topics, both ancient and modern, that have been at the centre of interest in applications of number theory, particularly in cryptography. As such, no background in algebra or number theory is assumed, and the book begins with a discussion of the basic number theory that is needed. The approach taken is algorithmic, emphasising estimates of the efficiency of the techniques that arise from the theory, and one special feature is the inclusion of recent applications of the theory of elliptic curves. Extensive exercises and careful answers are an integral part all of the chapters.p-adic Numbers, p-adic Analysis, and Zeta-Functions NEAL KoblitzThe first edition of this work has become the standard introduction to the theory of p-adic numbers at both the advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate level. This second edition includes a deeper treatment of p-adic functions in Ch. 4 to include the Iwasawa logarithm and the p-adic gamma-function, the rearrangement and addition of some exercises, the inclusion of an extensive appendix of answers and hints to the exercises, as well as numerous clarifications.Number Theory: Algebraic Numbers and Functions Helmut KochAlgebraic number theory is one of the most refined creations in mathematics. It has been developed by some of the leading mathematicians of this and previous centuries. The primary goal of this book is to present the essential elements of algebraic number theory, including the theory of normal extensions up through a glimpse of class field theory. Following the example set for us by Kronecker, Weber, Hilbert and Artin, algebraic functions are handled here on an equal footing with algebraic numbers. This is done on the one hand to demonstrate the analogy between number fields and function fields, which is especially clear in the case where the ground field is a finite field. On the other hand, in this way one obtains an introduction to the theory of "higher congruences" as an important element of "arithmetic geometry". Early chapters discuss topics in elementary number theory, such as Minkowski's geometry of numbers, public-key cryptography and a short proof of the Prime Number Theorem, following Newman and Zagier. Next, some of the tools of algebraic number theory are introduced, such as ideals, discriminants and valuations. These results are then applied to obtain results about function fields, including a proof of the Riemann-Roch Theorem and, as an application of cyclotomic fields, a proof of the first case of Fermat's Last Theorem. There are a detailed exposition of the theory of Hecke $L$-series, following Tate, and explicit applications to number theory, such as the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis. Chapter 9 brings together the earlier material through the study of quadratic number fields. Finally, Chapter 10 gives an introduction to class field theory.Riemann Surfaces Hershel M. Farkas Irwin KraThis text covers Riemann surface theory from elementary aspects to the fontiers of current research. Open and closed surfaces are treated with emphasis on the compact case, while basic tools are developed to describe the analytic, geometric, and algebraic properties of Riemann surfaces and the associated Abelian varities. Topics covered include existence of meromorphic functions, the Riemann-Roch theorem, Abel's theorem, the Jacobi inversion problem, Noether's theorem, and the Riemann vanishing theorem. A complete treatment of the uniformization of Riemann sufaces via Fuchsian groups, including branched coverings, is presented, as are alternate proofs for the most important results, showing the diversity of approaches to the subject. Of interest not only to pure mathematicians, but also to physicists interested in string theory and related topics.Lehrbuch der Thetafunktionen Adolf KrazerThis is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.Invariants of complex and p-adic origami-curves Karsten KremerOrigamis (also known as square-tiled surfaces) are Riemann surfaces which are constructed by glueing together finitely many unit squares. By varying the complex structure of these squares one obtains easily accessible examples of Teichmüller curves in the moduli space of Riemann surfaces. Different Teichmüller curves can be distinguished by several invariants, which are explicitly computed. The results are then compared to a p-adic analogue where Riemann surfaces are replaced by Mumford curves.Galois' Dream: Group Theory and Differential Equations Michio KugaFirst year, undergraduate, mathematics students in Japan have for many years had the opportunity of a unique experience—-an introduction, at an elementary level, to some very advanced ideas in mathematics from one of the leading mathematicians of the world. English reading students now have the opportunity to enjoy this lively presentation, from elementary ideas to cartoons to funny examples, and to follow the mind of an imaginative and creative mathematician into a world of enduring mathematical creations.Introduction to Plane Algebraic Curves Ernst Kunz* Employs proven conception of teaching topics in commutative algebra through a focus on their applications to algebraic geometry, a significant departure from other works on plane algebraic curves in which the topological-analytic aspects are stressed*Requires only a basic knowledge of algebra, with all necessary algebraic facts collected into several appendices * Studies algebraic curves over an algebraically closed field K and those of prime characteristic, which can be applied to coding theory and cryptography * Covers filtered algebras, the associated graded rings and Rees rings to deduce basic facts about intersection theory of plane curves, applications of which are standard tools of computer algebra * Examples, exercises, figures and suggestions for further study round out this fairly self-contained textbook Set Theory, with an Introduction to Descriptive Set Theory Kazimierz Kuratowski, Andrzej MostowskiDifferential equations in abstract spaces, Volume 85 V. Lakshmikantham, G. E. LadasAlgebraic Theory of Quadratic Forms T. Y. LamAbelian Varieties S. LangA belian Varieties has been out of print for a while. Since it was written, the subject has made some great advances, and Mumford's book giving a scheme theoretic treatment has appeared (D. Mum- ford, Abelian Varieties, Tata Lecture Notes, Oxford University Press, London, 1970). However, some topics covered in my book were not covered in Mumford's; for instance, the construction of the Picard variety, the Albanese variety, some formulas concern- ing numerical questions, the reciprocity law for correspondences and its application to Kummer theory, Chow's theory for the K/k-trace and image, and others. Several people have told me they still found a number of sections of my book useful. There- fore I thank Springer-Verlag for the opportunity to keep the book in print. S. LANG v FOREWORD Pour des simplifications plus subs tan- tielles, Ie developpement futur de la geometrie algebrique ne saurait manquer sans do ute d' en faire apparaitre. It is with considerable pleasure that we have seen in recent years the simplifications expected by Weil realize themselves, and it has seemed timely to incorporate them into a new book. We treat exclusively abelian varieties, and do not pretend to write a treatise on algebraic groups. Hence we have summarized in a first chapter all the general results on algebraic groups that are used in the sequel. They are all foundational results.Fundamentals of Diophantine Geometry S. LangDiophantine problems represent some of the strongest aesthetic attractions to algebraic geometry. They consist in giving criteria for the existence of solutions of algebraic equations in rings and fields, and eventually for the number of such solutions. The fundamental ring of interest is the ring of ordinary integers Z, and the fundamental field of interest is the field Q of rational numbers. One discovers rapidly that to have all the technical freedom needed in handling general problems, one must consider rings and fields of finite type over the integers and rationals. Furthermore, one is led to consider also finite fields, p-adic fields (including the real and complex numbers) as representing a localization of the problems under consideration. We shall deal with global problems, all of which will be of a qualitative nature. On the one hand we have curves defined over say the rational numbers. Ifthe curve is affine one may ask for its points in Z, and thanks to Siegel, one can classify all curves which have infinitely many integral points. This problem is treated in Chapter VII. One may ask also for those which have infinitely many rational points, and for this, there is only Mordell's conjecture that if the genus is :;;; 2, then there is only a finite number of rational points.Algebra Serge LangThis book is intended as a basic text for a one year course in algebra at the graduate level or as a useful reference for mathematicians and professionals who use higher-level algebra. This book successfully addresses all of the basic concepts of algebra. For the new edition, the author has added exercises and made numerous corrections to the text. From MathSciNet's review of the first edition: "The author has an impressive knack for presenting the important and interesting ideas of algebra in just the "right" way, and he never gets bogged down in the dry formalism which pervades some parts of algebra."Algebra Serge LangThis book is intended as a basic text for a one year course in algebra at the graduate level or as a useful reference for mathematicians and professionals who use higher-level algebra. This book successfully addresses all of the basic concepts of algebra. For the new edition, the author has added exercises and made numerous corrections to the text. From MathSciNet's review of the first edition: "The author has an impressive knack for presenting the important and interesting ideas of algebra in just the "right" way, and he never gets bogged down in the dry formalism which pervades some parts of algebra."Algebraic Number Theory Serge LangThis is a second edition of Lang's well-known textbook. It covers all of the basic material of classical algebraic number theory, giving the student the background necessary for the study of further topics in algebraic number theory, such as cyclotomic fields, or modular forms."Lang's books are always of great value for the graduate student and the research mathematician. This updated edition of Algebraic number theory is no exception."—-MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS Introduction to Algebraic and Abelian Functions: 089 Serge LangIntroduction to Algebraic and Abelian Functions is a self-contained presentation of a fundamental subject in algebraic geometry and number theory. For this revised edition, the material on theta functions has been expanded, and the example of the Fermat curves is carried throughout the text. This volume is geared toward a second-year graduate course, but it leads naturally to the study of more advanced books listed in the bibliography.Introduction to Algebraic and Abelian Functions: 089 Serge LangIntroduction to Algebraic and Abelian Functions is a self-contained presentation of a fundamental subject in algebraic geometry and number theory. For this revised edition, the material on theta functions has been expanded, and the example of the Fermat curves is carried throughout the text. This volume is geared toward a second-year graduate course, but it leads naturally to the study of more advanced books listed in the bibliography.Introduction to Complex Hyperbolic Spaces Serge LangSince the appearance of Kobayashi's book, there have been several re sults at the basic level of hyperbolic spaces, for instance Brody's theorem, and results of Green, Kiernan, Kobayashi, Noguchi, etc. which make it worthwhile to have a systematic exposition. Although of necessity I re produce some theorems from Kobayashi, I take a different direction, with different applications in mind, so the present book does not super sede Kobayashi's. My interest in these matters stems from their relations with diophan tine geometry. Indeed, if X is a projective variety over the complex numbers, then I conjecture that X is hyperbolic if and only if X has only a finite number of rational points in every finitely generated field over the rational numbers. There are also a number of subsidiary conjectures related to this one. These conjectures are qualitative. Vojta has made quantitative conjectures by relating the Second Main Theorem of Nevan linna theory to the theory of heights, and he has conjectured bounds on heights stemming from inequalities having to do with diophantine approximations and implying both classical and modern conjectures. Noguchi has looked at the function field case and made substantial progress, after the line started by Grauert and Grauert-Reckziegel and continued by a recent paper of Riebesehl. The book is divided into three main parts: the basic complex analytic theory, differential geometric aspects, and Nevanlinna theory. Several chapters of this book are logically independent of each other.Linear Algebra Serge LangThis book begins with an exposition of the basic theory of vector spaces and proceeds to explain the fundamental structure theorem for linear maps, including eigenvectors and eigenvalues, quadratic and hermitian forms, diagnolization of symmetric, hermitian, and unitary linear maps and matrices, triangulation, and Jordan canonical form. Material in this new edition has been rewritten and reorganized and new exercises have been added.Complex Abelian Varieties Christina Birkenhake Herbert LangeThis book explores the theory of abelian varieties over the field of complex numbers, explaining both classic and recent results in modern language. The second edition adds five chapters on recent results including automorphisms and vector bundles on abelian varieties, algebraic cycles and the Hodge conjecture. ". . . far more readable than most . . . it is also much more complete." Olivier Debarre in Mathematical Reviews, 1994.Complex Tori Herbert Lange, Christina BirkenhakeA complex torus is a connected compact complex Lie group. Any complex 9 9 torus is of the form X =Complex Tori Herbert Lange, Christina BirkenhakeA complex torus is a connected compact complex Lie group. Any complex 9 9 torus is of the form X =Complex Tori Herbert Lange, Christina BirkenhakeA complex torus is a connected compact complex Lie group. Any complex 9 9 torus is of the form X =Rinehart Mathematical Tables, Formulas and Curves Harold D. LarsenLinear Algebra and Its Applications, 4th Edition David C. LayLinear algebra is relatively easy for students during the early stages of the course, when the material is presented in a familiar, concrete setting. But when abstract concepts are introduced, students often hit a brick wall. Instructors seem to agree that certain concepts (such as linear independence, spanning, subspace, vector space, and linear transformations), are not easily understood, and require time to assimilate. Since they are fundamental to the study of linear algebra, students' understanding of these concepts is vital to their mastery of the subject. David Lay introduces these concepts early in a familiar, concrete Rn setting, develops them gradually, and returns to them again and again throughout the text so that when discussed in the abstract, these concepts are more accessible.Note: This is the standalone book, if you want the book/access card order the ISBN below. 0321399145 / 9780321399144 Linear Algebra plus MyMathLab Getting Started Kit for Linear Algebra and Its Applications Package consists of: 0321385179 / 9780321385178 Linear Algebra and Its Applications 0321431308 / 9780321431301 MyMathLab/MyStatLab — Glue-in Access Card 0321654064 / 9780321654069 MyMathLab Inside Star Sticker Foundations of Optimal Control Theory E. Bruce Lee, Lawrence MarkusSubnormal Subgroups of Groups John C. Lennox, Stewart E. StonehewerThis book is the first to give a comprehensive account of subnormal subgroups of both finite and infinite groups. The authors trace the historical development of the subject from the early work of Wielandt, including the celebrated "join problem," to very recent results relating to the elusive subnormalizer of a subgroup. The book explains how the study of group rings can give a powerful and unified approach to major problems and encourages postgraduates and researchers in group theory and ring theory to further explore problems whose solutions remain incomplete.Fundamentals of Number Theory William J. LeVequeThis excellent textbook introduces the basics of number theory, incorporating the language of abstract algebra. A knowledge of such algebraic concepts as group, ring, field, and domain is not assumed, however; all terms are defined and examples are given — making the book self-contained in this respect.The author begins with an introductory chapter on number theory and its early history. Subsequent chapters deal with unique factorization and the GCD, quadratic residues, number-theoretic functions and the distribution of primes, sums of squares, quadratic equations and quadratic fields, diophantine approximation, and more. Included are discussions of topics not always found in introductory texts: factorization and primality of large integers, p-adic numbers, algebraic number fields, Brun's theorem on twin primes, and the transcendence of e, to mention a few. Readers will find a substantial number of well-chosen problems, along with many notes and bibliographical references selected for readability and relevance. Five helpful appendixes — containing such study aids as a factor table, computer-plotted graphs, a table of indices, the Greek alphabet, and a list of symbols — and a bibliography round out this well-written text, which is directed toward undergraduate majors and beginning graduate students in mathematics. No post-calculus prerequisite is assumed. 1977 edition. Variedades Diferenciaveis E L Lima8vo. Fade to spine wear to edges Crease to some corners.Analise Real: Fun›es de N Vari‡veis - Vol.2 Elon Lages LimaAnalise Real: Fun›es de Uma Vari‡vel - Vol.1 Elon Lages LimaIntroduction to Complex Analytic Geometry Stanislaw Lojasiewiczfacts. An elementary acquaintance with topology, algebra, and analysis (in cluding the notion of a manifold) is sufficient as far as the understanding of this book is concerned. All the necessary properties and theorems have been gathered in the preliminary chapters -either with proofs or with references to standard and elementary textbooks. The first chapter of the book is devoted to a study of the rings Oa of holomorphic functions. The notions of analytic sets and germs are introduced in the second chapter. Its aim is to present elementary properties of these objects, also in connection with ideals of the rings Oa. The case of principal germs (§5) and one-dimensional germs (Puiseux theorem, §6) are treated separately. The main step towards understanding of the local structure of analytic sets is Ruckert's descriptive lemma proved in Chapter III. Among its conse quences is the important Hilbert Nullstellensatz (§4). In the fourth chapter, a study of local structure (normal triples, § 1) is followed by an exposition of the basic properties of analytic sets. The latter includes theorems on the set of singular points, irreducibility, and decom position into irreducible branches (§2). The role played by the ring 0 A of an analytic germ is shown (§4). Then, the Remmert-Stein theorem on re movable singularities is proved (§6). The last part of the chapter deals with analytically constructible sets (§7).Algebraic Geometry and Singularities Antonio Campillo Lopez, Luis Narvaez MacarroThe focus of this volume lies on singularity theory in algebraic geometry. It includes papers documenting recent and original developments and methods in subjects such as resolution of singularities, D-module theory, singularities of maps and geometry of curves. The papers originate from the Third International Conference on Algebraic Geometry held in La Rábida, Spain, in December 1991. Since then, the articles have undergone a meticulous process of refereeing and improvement, and they have been organized into a comprehensive account of the state of the art in this field.Discontinuous groups and birational transformations A. M MacbeathSymmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials I. G. MacdonaldThis new and much expanded edition of a well-received book remains the only text available on the subject of symmetric functions and Hall polynomials. There are new sections in almost every chapter, and many new examples have been included throughout.Combinatorial Group Theory: Presentations of Groups in Terms of Generators and Relations Wilhelm Magnus, Abraham Karrass, Donald SolitarA seminal, much-cited account of combinatorial group theory — coauthored by a distinguished teacher of mathematics and a pair of his colleagues — this text for graduate students features numerous helpful exercises.The book begins with a fairly elementary exposition of basic concepts and a discussion of factor groups and subgroups. The topics of Nielsen transformations, free and amalgamated products, and commutator calculus receive detailed treatment. The concluding chapter surveys word, conjugacy, and related problems; adjunction and embedding problems; varieties of groups; products of groups; and residual and Hopfian properties. In addition to the exercises, which appear throughout the text, supplementary materials include an extensive bibliography of important books and monographs, as well as a list of theorems, corollaries, and definitions and a list of symbols and abbreviations. Combinatorial Group Theory: Presentations of Groups in Terms of Generators and Relations Wilhelm Magnus, Abraham Karrass, Donald SolitarA seminal, much-cited account of combinatorial group theory — coauthored by a distinguished teacher of mathematics and a pair of his colleagues — this text for graduate students features numerous helpful exercises.The book begins with a fairly elementary exposition of basic concepts and a discussion of factor groups and subgroups. The topics of Nielsen transformations, free and amalgamated products, and commutator calculus receive detailed treatment. The concluding chapter surveys word, conjugacy, and related problems; adjunction and embedding problems; varieties of groups; products of groups; and residual and Hopfian properties. In addition to the exercises, which appear throughout the text, supplementary materials include an extensive bibliography of important books and monographs, as well as a list of theorems, corollaries, and definitions and a list of symbols and abbreviations. Scattering Operator, Eisenstein Series, Inner Product Formula and "Maass-Selberg" Relations Nikolaos MandouvalosBook by Mandouvalos, NikolaosIntroduction to the Classical Theory of Abelian Functions A.I. MarkushevichThe theory of Abelian functions, which was at the center of nineteenth-century mathematics, is again attracting attention. However, today it is frequently seen not just as a chapter of the general theory of functions but as an area of application of the ideas and methods of commutative algebra. This book presents an exposition of the fundamentals of the theory of Abelian functions based on the methods of the classical theory of functions. This theory includes the theory of elliptic functions as a special case. Among the topics covered are theta functions, Jacobians, and Picard varieties. The author has aimed the book primarily at intermediate and advanced graduate students, but it would also be accessible to the beginning graduate student or advanced undergraduate who has a solid background in functions of one complex variable. This book will prove especially useful to those who are not familiar with the analytic roots of the subject. In addition, the detailed historical introduction cultivates a deep understanding of the subject. Thorough and self-contained, the book will provide readers with an excellent complement to the usual algebraic approach.Kleinian Groups Bernard MaskitThe modern theory of Kleinian groups starts with the work of Lars Ahlfors and Lipman Bers; specifically with Ahlfors' finiteness theorem, and Bers' observation that their joint work on the Beltrami equation has deep implications for the theory of Kleinian groups and their deformations. From the point of view of uniformizations of Riemann surfaces, Bers' observation has the consequence that the question of understanding the different uniformizations of a finite Riemann surface poses a purely topological problem; it is independent of the conformal structure on the surface. The last two chapters here give a topological description of the set of all (geometrically finite) uniformizations of finite Riemann surfaces. We carefully skirt Ahlfors' finiteness theorem. For groups which uniformize a finite Riemann surface; that is, groups with an invariant component, one can either start with the assumption that the group is finitely generated, and then use the finiteness theorem to conclude that the group represents only finitely many finite Riemann surfaces, or, as we do here, one can start with the assumption that, in the invariant component, the group represents a finite Riemann surface, and then, using essentially topological techniques, reach the same conclusion. More recently, Bill Thurston wrought a revolution in the field by showing that one could analyze Kleinian groups using 3-dimensional hyperbolic geome try, and there is now an active school of research using these methods.Kleinian Groups: v. 287 Bernard MaskitThe modern theory of Kleinian groups starts with the work of Lars Ahlfors and Lipman Bers; specifically with Ahlfors' finiteness theorem, and Bers' observation that their joint work on the Beltrami equation has deep implications for the theory of Kleinian groups and their deformations. From the point of view of uniformizations of Riemann surfaces, Bers' observation has the consequence that the question of understanding the different uniformizations of a finite Riemann surface poses a purely topological problem; it is independent of the conformal structure on the surface. The last two chapters here give a topological description of the set of all (geometrically finite) uniformizations of finite Riemann surfaces. We carefully skirt Ahlfors' finiteness theorem. For groups which uniformize a finite Riemann surface; that is, groups with an invariant component, one can either start with the assumption that the group is finitely generated, and then use the finiteness theorem to conclude that the group represents only finitely many finite Riemann surfaces, or, as we do here, one can start with the assumption that, in the invariant component, the group represents a finite Riemann surface, and then, using essentially topological techniques, reach the same conclusion. More recently, Bill Thurston wrought a revolution in the field by showing that one could analyze Kleinian groups using 3-dimensional hyperbolic geome try, and there is now an active school of research using these methods.Operational Methods V.P. MaslovA Basic Course in Algebraic Topology W.S. MasseyThe main purpose of this book is to give a systematic treatment of singular homology and cohomology theory. It is in some sense a sequel to the author's previous book in this Springer-Verlag series entitled Algebraic Topology: An Introduction. This earlier book is definitely not a logical prerequisite for the present volume. However, it would certainly be advantageous for a prospective reader to have an acquaintance with some of the topics treated in that earlier volume, such as 2-dimensional manifolds and the funda mental group. Singular homology and cohomology theory has been the subject of a number of textbooks in the last couple of decades, so the basic outline of the theory is fairly well established. Therefore, from the point of view of the mathematics involved, there can be little that is new or original in a book such as this. On the other hand, there is still room for a great deal of variety and originality in the details of the exposition. In this volume the author has tried to give a straightforward treatment of the subject matter, stripped of all unnecessary definitions, terminology, and technical machinery. He has also tried, wherever feasible, to emphasize the geometric motivation behind the various concepts.Algebraic Topology: An Introduction William S. MasseyWilliam S. Massey Professor Massey, born in Illinois in 1920, received his bachelor's degree from the University of Chicago and then served for four years in the U.S. Navy during World War II. After the War he received his Ph.D. from Princeton University and spent two additional years there as a post-doctoral research assistant. He then taught for ten years on the faculty of Brown University, and moved to his present position at Yale in 1960. He is the author of numerous research articles on algebraic topology and related topics. This book developed from lecture notes of courses taught to Yale undergraduate and graduate students over a period of several years.A Concise Course in Algebraic Topology J. P. MayAlgebraic topology is a basic part of modern mathematics, and some knowledge of this area is indispensable for any advanced work relating to geometry, including topology itself, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, and Lie groups. This book provides a detailed treatment of algebraic topology both for teachers of the subject and for advanced graduate students in mathematics either specializing in this area or continuing on to other fields.J. Peter May's approach reflects the enormous internal developments within algebraic topology over the past several decades, most of which are largely unknown to mathematicians in other fields. But he also retains the classical presentations of various topics where appropriate. Most chapters end with problems that further explore and refine the concepts presented. The final four chapters provide sketches of substantial areas of algebraic topology that are normally omitted from introductory texts, and the book concludes with a list of suggested readings for those interested in delving further into the field. More Concise Algebraic Topology: Localization, Completion, and Model Categories J. P. May, K. PontoWith firm foundations dating only from the 1950s, algebraic topology is a relatively young area of mathematics. There are very few textbooks that treat fundamental topics beyond a first course, and many topics now essential to the field are not treated in any textbook. J. Peter May’s A Concise Course in Algebraic Topology addresses the standard first course material, such as fundamental groups, covering spaces, the basics of homotopy theory, and homology and cohomology. In this sequel, May and his coauthor, Kathleen Ponto, cover topics that are essential for algebraic topologists and others interested in algebraic topology, but that are not treated in standard texts. They focus on the localization and completion of topological spaces, model categories, and Hopf algebras. The first half of the book sets out the basic theory of localization and completion of nilpotent spaces, using the most elementary treatment the authors know of. It makes no use of simplicial techniques or model categories, and it provides full details of other necessary preliminaries. With these topics as motivation, most of the second half of the book sets out the theory of model categories, which is the central organizing framework for homotopical algebra in general. Examples from topology and homological algebra are treated in parallel. A short last part develops the basic theory of bialgebras and Hopf algebras.Linear Algebra over Commutative Rings McdonaldRepresentation Theory of Finite Groups and Finite-Dimensional Algebras: Proceedings of the Conference at the University of Bielefeld from May 15-17, (Progress in Mathematics (Birkhauser Boston)) Gerhard O. Michler, Claus Michael RingelFrom April 1, 1984 until March 31, 1991 the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft has sponsored the project "Representation Theory of Finite Groups and Finite Di mensional Algebras". The proposal for this project was submitted by B. Huppert (Mainz), B. Fischer (Bielefeld), G. Michler (Essen), H. Pahlings (Aachen) and C. M. Ringel (Bielefeld) in order to strengthen the interaction between the different re search areas in representation theory. The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft has given many research positions and fellowships for young algebraists enabling them to do research at their own uni versities or as visitors at well known research institutions in America, Australia, England and France. The whole project benefitted very much from an extensive exchange programme between German and American scientists sponsored by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and by the National Science Foundation of the United States. This volume presents lectures given in a final conference and reports by members of the project. It is divided into two parts. The first part contains seven survey articles describing recent advances in different areas of representation theory. These articles do not only concentrate on the work done by the German research groups, but also inform on major developments of the subject at all. The volume omits those topics already treated in book form. In particular, it does not contain a survey on K.Nonlinear Volterra Integral Equations Richard K. MillerDifferential topology, John Willard MilnorTopology from the Differentiable Viewpoint John Willard MilnorThis elegant book by distinguished mathematician John Milnor, provides a clear and succinct introduction to one of the most important subjects in modern mathematics. Beginning with basic concepts such as diffeomorphisms and smooth manifolds, he goes on to examine tangent spaces, oriented manifolds, and vector fields. Key concepts such as homotopy, the index number of a map, and the Pontryagin construction are discussed. The author presents proofs of Sard's theorem and the Hopf theorem.Algebraic Curves and Riemann Surfaces Rick MirandaIn this book, Miranda takes the approach that algebraic curves are best encountered for the first time over the complex numbers, where the reader's classical intuition about surfaces, integration, and other concepts can be brought into play. Therefore, many examples of algebraic curves are presented in the first chapters. In this way, the book begins as a primer on Riemann surfaces, with complex charts and meromorphic functions taking center stage. But the main examples come from projective curves, and slowly but surely the text moves toward the algebraic category. Proofs of the Riemann-Roch and Serre Duality Theorems are presented in an algebraic manner, via an adaptation of the adelic proof, expressed completely in terms of solving a Mittag-Leffler problem. Sheaves and cohomology are introduced as a unifying device in the latter chapters, so that their utility and naturalness are immediately obvious. Requiring a background of a one semester of complex variable! theory and a year of abstract algebra, this is an excellent graduate textbook for a second-semester course in complex variables or a year-long course in algebraic geometry.Algebraic Curves and Riemann Surfaces Rick MirandaIn this book, Miranda takes the approach that algebraic curves are best encountered for the first time over the complex numbers, where the reader's classical intuition about surfaces, integration, and other concepts can be brought into play. Therefore, many examples of algebraic curves are presented in the first chapters. In this way, the book begins as a primer on Riemann surfaces, with complex charts and meromorphic functions taking center stage. But the main examples come from projective curves, and slowly but surely the text moves toward the algebraic category. Proofs of the Riemann-Roch and Serre Duality Theorems are presented in an algebraic manner, via an adaptation of the adelic proof, expressed completely in terms of solving a Mittag-Leffler problem. Sheaves and cohomology are introduced as a unifying device in the latter chapters, so that their utility and naturalness are immediately obvious. Requiring a background of a one semester of complex variable! theory and a year of abstract algebra, this is an excellent graduate textbook for a second-semester course in complex variables or a year-long course in algebraic geometry.By Rick Miranda - Algebraic Curves and Riemann Surfaces Rick MirandaGeneral Topology Jesper M. MollerGeneral Topology By Jesper M. MollerEffective Methods in Algebraic Geometry T. Mora, C. TraversoThe symposium "MEGA-90 - Effective Methods in Algebraic Geome try" was held in Castiglioncello (Livorno, Italy) in April 17-211990. The themes - we quote from the "Call for papers" - were the fol lowing: - Effective methods and complexity issues in commutative algebra, pro jective geometry, real geometry, algebraic number theory - Algebraic geometric methods in algebraic computing Contributions in related fields (computational aspects of group theory, differential algebra and geometry, algebraic and differential topology, etc.) were also welcome. The origin and the motivation of such a meeting, that is supposed to be the first of a series, deserves to be explained. The subject - the theory and the practice of computation in alge braic geometry and related domains from the mathematical viewpoin- has been one of the themes of the symposia organized by SIGSAM (the Special Interest Group for Symbolic and Algebraic Manipulation of the Association for Computing Machinery), SAME (Symbolic and Algebraic Manipulation in Europe), and AAECC (the semantics of the name is vary ing; an average meaning is "Applied Algebra and Error Correcting Codes").Effective Methods in Algebraic Geometry T. Mora, C. TraversoThe symposium "MEGA-90 - Effective Methods in Algebraic Geome try" was held in Castiglioncello (Livorno, Italy) in April 17-211990. The themes - we quote from the "Call for papers" - were the fol lowing: - Effective methods and complexity issues in commutative algebra, pro jective geometry, real geometry, algebraic number theory - Algebraic geometric methods in algebraic computing Contributions in related fields (computational aspects of group theory, differential algebra and geometry, algebraic and differential topology, etc.) were also welcome. The origin and the motivation of such a meeting, that is supposed to be the first of a series, deserves to be explained. The subject - the theory and the practice of computation in alge braic geometry and related domains from the mathematical viewpoin- has been one of the themes of the symposia organized by SIGSAM (the Special Interest Group for Symbolic and Algebraic Manipulation of the Association for Computing Machinery), SAME (Symbolic and Algebraic Manipulation in Europe), and AAECC (the semantics of the name is vary ing; an average meaning is "Applied Algebra and Error Correcting Codes").Abelian Varieties David MumfordThis is a reprinting of the revised second edition (1974) of David Mumford's classic 1970 book. It gives a systematic account of the basic results about abelian varieties. It includes expositions of analytic methods applicable over the ground field of complex numbers, as well as of scheme-theoretic methods used to deal with inseparable isogenies when the ground field has positive characteristic. A self-contained proof of the existence of the dual abelian variety is given. The structure of the ring of endomorphisms of an abelian variety is discussed. These are appendices on Tate's theorem on endomorphisms of abelian varieties over finite fields (by C. P. Ramanujam) and on the Mordell - Weil theorem (by Yuri Manin).David Mumford was awarded the 2007 AMS Steele Prize for Mathematical Exposition. According to the citation: '"Abelian Varieties"...remains the definitive account of the subject...the classical theory is beautifully intertwined with the modern theory, in a way which sharply illuminates both...[It] will remain for the foreseeable future a classic to which the reader returns over and over'.Abelian Varieties David MumfordThis is a reprinting of the revised second edition (1974) of David Mumford's classic 1970 book. It gives a systematic account of the basic results about abelian varieties. It includes expositions of analytic methods applicable over the ground field of complex numbers, as well as of scheme-theoretic methods used to deal with inseparable isogenies when the ground field has positive characteristic. A self-contained proof of the existence of the dual abelian variety is given. The structure of the ring of endomorphisms of an abelian variety is discussed. These are appendices on Tate's theorem on endomorphisms of abelian varieties over finite fields (by C. P. Ramanujam) and on the Mordell - Weil theorem (by Yuri Manin).David Mumford was awarded the 2007 AMS Steele Prize for Mathematical Exposition. According to the citation: '"Abelian Varieties"...remains the definitive account of the subject...the classical theory is beautifully intertwined with the modern theory, in a way which sharply illuminates both...[It] will remain for the foreseeable future a classic to which the reader returns over and over'.Abelian Varieties David MumfordThis is a reprinting of the revised second edition (1974) of David Mumford's classic 1970 book. It gives a systematic account of the basic results about abelian varieties. It includes expositions of analytic methods applicable over the ground field of complex numbers, as well as of scheme-theoretic methods used to deal with inseparable isogenies when the ground field has positive characteristic. A self-contained proof of the existence of the dual abelian variety is given. The structure of the ring of endomorphisms of an abelian variety is discussed. These are appendices on Tate's theorem on endomorphisms of abelian varieties over finite fields (by C. P. Ramanujam) and on the Mordell - Weil theorem (by Yuri Manin).David Mumford was awarded the 2007 AMS Steele Prize for Mathematical Exposition. According to the citation: '"Abelian Varieties"...remains the definitive account of the subject...the classical theory is beautifully intertwined with the modern theory, in a way which sharply illuminates both...[It] will remain for the foreseeable future a classic to which the reader returns over and over'.Algebraic Geometry I: Complex Projective Varieties David MumfordFrom the reviews: "Although several textbooks on modern algebraic geometry have been published in the meantime, Mumford's "Volume I" is, together with its predecessor the red book of varieties and schemes, now as before one of the most excellent and profound primers of modern algebraic geometry. Both books are just true classics!" ZentralblattCurves and Their Jacobians David MumfordIndra's Pearls: The Vision of Felix Klein David Mumford, Caroline Series, David WrightFelix Klein, a great geometer of the nineteenth century, rediscovered an idea from Hindu mythology in mathematics: the heaven of Indra in which the whole Universe was mirrored in each pearl in a net of pearls. Practically impossible to represent by hand, this idea barely existed outside the imagination, until the 1980s when the authors embarked on the first computer investigation of Klein's vision. In this extraordinary book they explore the path from some basic mathematical ideas to the simple algorithms that create delicate fractal filigrees, most appearing in print for the first time. Step-by-step instructions for writing computer programs allow beginners to generate the images.The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and their Jacobians (Lecture Notes in Mathematics) David MumfordMumford's famous "Red Book" gives a simple, readable account of the basic objects of algebraic geometry, preserving as much as possible their geometric flavor and integrating this with the tools of commutative algebra. It is aimed at graduates or mathematicians in other fields wishing to quickly learn aboutalgebraic geometry. This new edition includes an appendix that gives an overview of the theory of curves, their moduli spaces and their Jacobians — one of the most exciting fields within algebraic geometry.Selected Papers: On the Classification of Varieties and Moduli Spaces David MumfordMumford is a well-known mathematician and winner of the Fields Medal, the highest honor available in mathematics.Many of these papers are currently unavailable, and the commentaries by Gieseker, Lange, Viehweg and Kempf are being published here for the first time. Tata Lectures on Theta I David MumfordThis volume is the first of three in a series surveying the theory of theta functions. Based on lectures given by the author at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay, these volumes constitute a systematic exposition of theta functions, beginning with their historical roots as analytic functions in one variable (Volume I), touching on some of the beautiful ways they can be used to describe moduli spaces (Volume II), and culminating in a methodical comparison of theta functions in analysis, algebraic geometry, and representation theory (Volume III).Tata Lectures on Theta II: Jacobian theta functions and differential equations David MumfordThe second in a series of three volumes that survey the theory of theta functions, this volume emphasizes the special properties of the theta functions associated with compact Riemann surfaces and how they lead to solutions of the Korteweg-de-Vries equations as well as other non-linear differential equations of mathematical physics.It presents an explicit elementary construction of hyperelliptic Jacobian varieties and is a self-contained introduction to the theory of the Jacobians. It also ties together nineteenth-century discoveries due to Jacobi, Neumann, and Frobenius with recent discoveries of Gelfand, McKean, Moser, John Fay, and others. Tata Lectures on Theta III David MumfordThis volume is the third of three in a series surveying the theory of theta functions. Based on lectures given by the author at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay, these volumes constitute a systematic exposition of theta functions, beginning with their historical roots as analytic functions in one variable (Volume I), touching on some of the beautiful ways they can be used to describe moduli spaces (Volume II), and culminating in a methodical comparison of theta functions in analysis, algebraic geometry, and representation theory (Volume III).Tata Lectures on Theta: No. 2 David MumfordThis book is the second in a three part series surveying the theory of theta functions. This volume gives emphasis to the special properties of the theta functions associated with compact Riemann surfaces and how they lead to solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries equation as well as other non-linear differential equations of mathematical physics. This book presents an explicit elementary construction of hyperelliptic Jacobian varieties and is a self-contained introduction to the theory of the Jacobians. It also ties together nineteenth-century dsicoveries due to Jacobi, Neumann, and Frobenius with recent discoveries of Gelfand, McKean, Moser, John Fay, and others. a definitive book on theta functions. hardcover by David Mumford.The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and their Jacobians (Lecture Notes in Mathematics) David MumfordMumford's famous "Red Book" gives a simple, readable account of the basic objects of algebraic geometry, preserving as much as possible their geometric flavor and integrating this with the tools of commutative algebra. It is aimed at graduates or mathematicians in other fields wishing to quickly learn aboutalgebraic geometry. This new edition includes an appendix that gives an overview of the theory of curves, their moduli spaces and their Jacobians — one of the most exciting fields within algebraic geometry.Stability of projective varieties : lectures ... David International Mathematical Union. MumfordTopology 2nd (Second) Edition byMunkres (Hardcover) (2000) J. MunkresTopology James MunkresThis introduction to topology provides separate, in-depth coverage of both general topology and algebraic topology. Includes many examples and figures. GENERAL TOPOLOGY. Set Theory and Logic. Topological Spaces and Continuous Functions. Connectedness and Compactness. Countability and Separation Axioms. The Tychonoff Theorem. Metrization Theorems and paracompactness. Complete Metric Spaces and Function Spaces. Baire Spaces and Dimension Theory. ALGEBRAIC TOPOLOGY. The Fundamental Group. Separation Theorems. The Seifert-van Kampen Theorem. Classification of Surfaces. Classification of Covering Spaces. Applications to Group Theory. For anyone needing a basic, thorough, introduction to general and algebraic topology and its applications.Topology James MunkresThis text suitable for postgraduate students in mathematics offers a clear, comprehensive presentation of the fundamentals of topology. It can also be effectively used at the senior undergraduate level for a basic introduction to the core topics of topology. The book's broad coverage of topics and flexible organization allows instructors to follow their own preferences in the matter of course emphasis. The second edition is divided into two parts-general topology and algebraic topology.Topology James MunkresThis text suitable for postgraduate students in mathematics offers a clear, comprehensive presentation of the fundamentals of topology. It can also be effectively used at the senior undergraduate level for a basic introduction to the core topics of topology. The book's broad coverage of topics and flexible organization allows instructors to follow their own preferences in the matter of course emphasis. The second edition is divided into two parts-general topology and algebraic topology.Topology James MunkresThis text suitable for postgraduate students in mathematics offers a clear, comprehensive presentation of the fundamentals of topology. It can also be effectively used at the senior undergraduate level for a basic introduction to the core topics of topology. The book's broad coverage of topics and flexible organization allows instructors to follow their own preferences in the matter of course emphasis. The second edition is divided into two parts-general topology and algebraic topology.Elements Of Algebraic Topology James R. MunkresElements of Algebraic Topology provides the most concrete approach to the subject. With coverage of homology and cohomology theory, universal coefficient theorems, Kunneth theorem, duality in manifolds, and applications to classical theorems of point-set topology, this book is perfect for comunicating complex topics and the fun nature of algebraic topology for beginners.Introduction to Abelian Varieties V. Kumar MurtyThe book represents an introduction to the theory of abelian varieties with a view to arithmetic. The aim is to introduce some of the basics of the theory as well as some recent arithmetic applications to graduate students and researchers in other fields. The first part contains proofs of the Abel-Jacobi theorem, Riemann's relations and the Lefschetz theorem on projective embeddings over the complex numbers in the spirit of S. Lang's book Introduction to algebraic and abelian functions. Then the Jacobians of Fermat curves as well as some modular curves are discussed. Finally, as an application, Faltings' proof of the Mordell conjecture and its intermediate steps, the Tate conjecture and the Shafarevich conjecture, are sketched. — H. Lange for MathSciNetClassification Theory of Riemann Surfaces Leo Sario Mitsuru NakaiThe purpose of the present monograph is to systematically develop a classification theory of Riemann surfaces. Some first steps will also be taken toward a classification of Riemannian spaces. Four phases can be distinguished in the chronological background: the type problem; general classification; compactifications; and extension to higher dimensions. The type problem evolved in the following somewhat overlapping steps: the Riemann mapping theorem, the classical type problem, and the existence of Green's functions. The Riemann mapping theorem laid the foundation to classification theory: there are only two conformal equivalence classes of (noncompact) simply connected regions. Over half a century of efforts by leading mathematicians went into giving a rigorous proof of the theorem: RIEMANN, WEIERSTRASS, SCHWARZ, NEUMANN, POINCARE, HILBERT, WEYL, COURANT, OSGOOD, KOEBE, CARATHEODORY, MONTEL. The classical type problem was to determine whether a given simply connected covering surface of the plane is conformally equivalent to the plane or the disko The problem was in the center of interest in the thirties and early forties, with AHLFORS, KAKUTANI, KOBAYASHI, P. MYRBERG, NEVANLINNA, SPEISER, TEICHMÜLLER and others obtaining incisive specific results. The main problem of finding necessary and sufficient conditions remains, however, unsolved.Compact Riemann Surfaces R. NarasimhanThese notes form the contents of a Nachdiplomvorlesung given at the Forschungs- institut fur Mathematik of the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule, Zurich from November, 1984 to February, 1985. Prof. K. Chandrasekharan and Prof. Jurgen Moser have encouraged me to write them up for inclusion in the series, published by Birkhiiuser, of notes of these courses at the ETH. Dr. Albert Stadler produced detailed notes of the first part of this course, and very intelligible class-room notes of the rest. Without this work of Dr. Stadler, these notes would not have been written. While I have changed some things (such as the proof of the Serre duality theorem, here done entirely in the spirit of Serre's original paper), the present notes follow Dr. Stadler's fairly closely. My original aim in giving the course was twofold. I wanted to present the basic theorems about the Jacobian from Riemann's own point of view. Given the Riemann-Roch theorem, if Riemann's methods are expressed in modern language, they differ very little (if at all) from the work of modern authors.Elementary and Analytic Theory of Algebraic Numbers Wladyslaw NarkiewiczThis book details the classical part of the theory of algebraic number theory, excluding class-field theory and its consequences. Coverage includes: ideal theory in rings of algebraic integers, p-adic fields and their finite extensions, ideles and adeles, zeta-functions, distribution of prime ideals, Abelian fields, the class-number of quadratic fields, and factorization problems. The book also features exercises and a list of open problems.Linear Algebra and Matrix Theory Evar D. NeringThis revision of a well—known text includes more sophisticated mathematical material. A new section on applications provides an introduction to the modern treatment of calculus of several variables, and the concept of duality receives expanded coverage. Notations have been changed to correspond to more current usage.Algebraic Number Theory Jürgen NeukirchThis introduction to algebraic number theory discusses the classical concepts from the viewpoint of Arakelov theory. The treatment of class theory is particularly rich in illustrating complements, offering hints for further study, and providing concrete examples. It is the most up-to-date, systematic, and theoretically comprehensive textbook on algebraic number field theory available.Class Field Theory: -The Bonn Lectures- Edited by Alexander Schmidt Jürgen NeukirchThe present manuscript is an improved edition of a text that first appeared under the same title in Bonner Mathematische Schriften, no.26, and originated from a series of lectures given by the author in 1965/66 in Wolfgang Krull's seminar in Bonn. Its main goal is to provide the reader, acquainted with the basics of algebraic number theory, a quick and immediate access to class field theory. This script consists of three parts, the first of which discusses the cohomology of finite groups. The second part discusses local class field theory, and the third part concerns the class field theory of finite algebraic number fields.Groups and Geometry Peter M. Neumann, Gabrielle A. Stoy, Edward C. ThompsonThis volume presents the Oxford Mathematical Institute notes for the enormously successful advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate student course on groups and geometry. The book's content closely follows the Oxford syllabus but covers a great deal more material than did the course itself. The book is divided into two parts: the first covers the fundamentals of groups, and the second covers geometry and its symbiotic relationship with groups. Both parts contain a number of useful examples and exercises. This book will be welcomed by student and teacher alike as a lucidly written text on an important topic.Complex Analysis Joseph Bak Donald J. NewmanThis unusual and lively textbook offers a clear and intuitive approach to the classical and beautiful theory of complex variables. With very little dependence on advanced concepts from several-variable calculus and topology, the text focuses on the authentic complex-variable ideas and techniques. Accessible to students at their early stages of mathematical study, this full first year course in complex analysis offers new and interesting motivations for classical results and introduces related topics stressing motivation and technique. Numerous illustrations, examples, and now 300 exercises, enrich the text. Students who master this textbook will emerge with an excellent grounding in complex analysis, and a solid understanding of its wide applicability.Collected Mathematical Papers, Volume 2 Jakob Nielsen, Vagn Lundsgaard HansenHardcover. 8vo. Cloth in dust jacket. Light scuffing to dj. Else, overall, clean and sound. Near Fine. ISBN 0817631518.A Course of Mathematical Analysis Volume 2 S.M. NikolskyCourse in Mathematical Analysis; Volume I S.M. NikolskyA Course of Mathematical Analysis, Volume 1 & Volume 2 S.M. NikolskyIntroduction to Quadratic Forms Timothy O. O'MearaFrom the reviews: "Anyone who has heard O'Meara lecture will recognize in every page of this book the crispness and lucidity of the author's style. [...] The organization and selection of material is superb. [...] deserves high praise as an excellent example of that too-rare type of mathematical exposition combining conciseness with clarity." Bulletin of the AMSCompactifying Moduli Spaces for Abelian Varieties Martin C. OlssonThis volume presents the construction of canonical modular compactifications of moduli spaces for polarized Abelian varieties (possibly with level structure), building on the earlier work of Alexeev, Nakamura, and Namikawa.Algebraic Geometry F. OortProceedings of the Vth Nordic Summer School in Mathematics in Oslo, August 5-25, 1970Algebraic Geometry F. OortProceedings of the Vth Nordic Summer School in Mathematics in Oslo, August 5-25, 1970Algebraic Geometry III: Complex Algebraic Varieties Algebraic Curves and Their Jacobians A.N. Parshin, I.R. ShafarevichThis two-part EMS volume provides a succinct summary of complex algebraic geometry, coupled with a lucid introduction to the recent work on the interactions between the classical area of the geometry of complex algebraic curves and their Jacobian varieties. An excellent companion to the older classics on the subject.The Algebraic Structure of Group Rings Donald S. Passman"Highly recommended" by the Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, this comprehensive, self-contained treatment of group rings was written by an authority on the subject. Suitable for graduate students, it was hailed by the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society as "a majestic account… encyclopedic and lucid."The three-part survey begins with an introduction that defines the trace map, considers the augmentation ideal in considerable detail, and provides all the necessary group ring results for later characterizations of dimension subgroups. A second section on linear identities characterizes prime and semiprime group rings, brings semisimplicity considerations into play, and offers construction techniques for obtaining primitive group rings. The final part, an exploration of finiteness properties, consists chiefly of a study of Noetherian group rings. Hundreds of exercises of varying difficulty appear throughout the text. The Algebraic Structure of Group Rings Donald S. Passman"Highly recommended" by the Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society, this comprehensive, self-contained treatment of group rings was written by an authority on the subject. Suitable for graduate students, it was hailed by the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society as "a majestic account… encyclopedic and lucid."The three-part survey begins with an introduction that defines the trace map, considers the augmentation ideal in considerable detail, and provides all the necessary group ring results for later characterizations of dimension subgroups. A second section on linear identities characterizes prime and semiprime group rings, brings semisimplicity considerations into play, and offers construction techniques for obtaining primitive group rings. The final part, an exploration of finiteness properties, consists chiefly of a study of Noetherian group rings. Hundreds of exercises of varying difficulty appear throughout the text. Analisis Matematico, Volumen 1: Analisis Algebraico, Teoria de Ecuaciones, Calculo Infinitesimal de una Variable Julio Rey; Calleja, Pedro Pi; Trejo, Cesar A. PastorAnalisi Matematico Pedro Pi Calleja y Cesar A. Trejo Julio Rey PastorAnalisis Matematico Volumen I (Spanish Version) Analisis Algebraico. Teoria De Ecuaciones. Calculo Infinitesimal De Una Variable. Pedro Pi Calleja, Cesar A. Trejo Julio Rey PastorElements of Complex Variables louis pennisiLocally Convex Spaces over Non-Archimedean Valued Fields C. Perez-Garcia, W. H. SchikhofNon-Archimedean functional analysis, where alternative but equally valid number systems such as p-adic numbers are fundamental, is a fast-growing discipline widely used not just within pure mathematics, but also applied in other sciences, including physics, biology and chemistry. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive treatment of non-Archimedean locally convex spaces. The authors provide a clear exposition of the basic theory, together with complete proofs and new results from the latest research. A guide to the many illustrative examples provided, end-of-chapter notes and glossary of terms all make this book easily accessible to beginners at the graduate level, as well as specialists from a variety of disciplines.Algebraic Geometry: An Introduction Daniel PerrinAimed primarily at graduate students and beginning researchers, this book provides an introduction to algebraic geometry that is particularly suitable for those with no previous contact with the subject; it assumes only the standard background of undergraduate algebra. The book starts with easily-formulated problems with non-trivial solutions and uses these problems to introduce the fundamental tools of modern algebraic geometry: dimension; singularities; sheaves; varieties; and cohomology. A range of exercises is provided for each topic discussed, and a selection of problems and exam papers are collected in an appendix to provide material for further study.Associative Algebras R.S. PierceFor many people there is life after 40; for some mathematicians there is algebra after Galois theory. The objective ofthis book is to prove the latter thesis. It is written primarily for students who have assimilated substantial portions of a standard first year graduate algebra textbook, and who have enjoyed the experience. The material that is presented here should not be fatal if it is swallowed by persons who are not members of that group. The objects of our attention in this book are associative algebras, mostly the ones that are finite dimensional over a field. This subject is ideal for a textbook that will lead graduate students into a specialized field of research. The major theorems on associative algebras inc1ude some of the most splendid results of the great heros of algebra: Wedderbum, Artin, Noether, Hasse, Brauer, Albert, Jacobson, and many others. The process of refine ment and c1arification has brought the proof of the gems in this subject to a level that can be appreciated by students with only modest background. The subject is almost unique in the wide range of contacts that it makes with other parts of mathematics. The study of associative algebras con tributes to and draws from such topics as group theory, commutative ring theory, field theory, algebraic number theory, algebraic geometry, homo logical algebra, and category theory. It even has some ties with parts of applied mathematics.Papers on Topology: Analysis Situs and Its Five Supplements Henri PoincareJohn Stillwell was the recipient of the Chauvenet Prize for Mathematical Exposition in 2005. The papers in this book chronicle Henri PoincarÃ©'s journey in algebraic topology between 1892 and 1904, from his discovery of the fundamental group to his formulation of the PoincarÃ© conjecture. For the first time in English translation, one can follow every step (and occasional stumble) along the way, with the help of translator John Stillwell's introduction and editorial comments. Now that the PoincarÃ© conjecture has finally been proved, by Grigory Perelman, it seems timely to collect the papers that form the background to this famous conjecture. PoincarÃ©'s papers are in fact the first draft of algebraic topology, introducing its main subject matter (manifolds) and basic concepts (homotopy and homology). All mathematicians interested in topology and its history will enjoy this book. This volume is one of an informal sequence of works within the History of Mathematics series. Volumes in this subset, "Sources", are classical mathematical works that served as cornerstones for modern mathematical thought.Grupos continuos L.S.; Vega, Carlos, (trad.) PontriaguinTopological Groups L. S. PontryaginLectures on Formally Real Fields Alexander PrestelA First Course in Real Analysis Murray H. Protter, Charles B. Jr. MorreyMany changes have been made in this second edition of A First Course in Real Analysis. The most noticeable is the addition of many problems and the inclusion of answers to most of the odd-numbered exercises. The book's readability has also been improved by the further clarification of many of the proofs, additional explanatory remarks, and clearer notation.Topology Problem Solver The Editors of REAThorough coverage is given to the fundamental concepts of topology, axiomatic set theory, mappings, cardinal numbers, ordinal numbers, metric spaces, topological spaces, separation axioms, Cartesian products, the elements of homotopy theory, and other topics. A comprehensive study aid for the graduate student and beyond.Methods of Modern Mathematical Physics I: Functional Analysis. Revised and enlarged edition Michael Reed, Barry SimonThis book is the first of a multivolume series devoted to an exposition of functional analysis methods in modern mathematical physics. It describes the fundamental principles of functional analysis and is essentially self-contained, although there are occasional references to later volumes. We have included a few applications when we thought that they would provide motivation for the reader. Later volumes describe various advanced topics in functional analysis and give numerous applications in classical physics, modern physics, and partial differential equations.Undergraduate Algebraic Geometry Miles ReidAlgebraic geometry is, essentially, the study of the solution of equations and occupies a central position in pure mathematics. With the minimum of prerequisites, Dr. Reid introduces the reader to the basic concepts of algebraic geometry, including: plane conics, cubics and the group law, affine and projective varieties, and nonsingularity and dimension. He stresses the connections the subject has with commutative algebra as well as its relation to topology, differential geometry, and number theory. The book contains numerous examples and exercises illustrating the theory.Representation Theory of Finite Groups and Associative Algebras Charles W. Curtis and Irving ReinerFirst published in 1962, this classic book remains a remarkably complete introduction to various aspects of the representation theory of finite groups. One of its main advantages is that the authors went far beyond the standard elementary representation theory, including a masterly treatment of topics such as general non-commutative algebras, Frobenius algebras, representations over non-algebraically closed fields and fields of non-zero characteristic, and integral representations. These and many other subjects are treated extremely thoroughly, starting with basic definitions and results and proceeding to many important and crucial developments. Numerous examples and exercises help the reader of this unsurpassed book to master this important area of mathematics.Representation Theory of Finite Groups and Associative Algebras Charles W. Curtis and Irving ReinerFirst published in 1962, this classic book remains a remarkably complete introduction to various aspects of the representation theory of finite groups. One of its main advantages is that the authors went far beyond the standard elementary representation theory, including a masterly treatment of topics such as general non-commutative algebras, Frobenius algebras, representations over non-algebraically closed fields and fields of non-zero characteristic, and integral representations. These and many other subjects are treated extremely thoroughly, starting with basic definitions and results and proceeding to many important and crucial developments. Numerous examples and exercises help the reader of this unsurpassed book to master this important area of mathematics.Quelques Aspects des Surfaces de Riemann E. ReysatClassical Theory of Algebraic Numbers Paulo RibenboimThe exposition of the classical theory of algebraic numbers is clear and thorough, and there is a large number of exercises as well as worked out numerical examples. A careful study of this book will provide a solid background to the learning of more recent topics.The New Book of Prime Number Records Paulo RibenboimThis text originated as a lecture delivered November 20, 1984, at Queen's University, in the undergraduate colloquium senes. In another colloquium lecture, my colleague Morris Orzech, who had consulted the latest edition of the Guinness Book of Records, reminded me very gently that the most "innumerate" people of the world are of a certain trible in Mato Grosso, Brazil. They do not even have a word to express the number "two" or the concept of plurality. "Yes, Morris, I'm from Brazil, but my book will contain numbers different from ·one.''' He added that the most boring 800-page book is by two Japanese mathematicians (whom I'll not name) and consists of about 16 million decimal digits of the number Te. "I assure you, Morris, that in spite of the beauty of the appar ent randomness of the decimal digits of Te, I'll be sure that my text will include also some words." And then I proceeded putting together the magic combina tion of words and numbers, which became The Book of Prime Number Records. If you have seen it, only extreme curiosity could impel you to have this one in your hands. The New Book of Prime Number Records differs little from its predecessor in the general planning. But it contains new sections and updated records.Rings and modules. Paulo. RibenboimElliptic Curves: Notes from Postgraduate Lectures Given in Lausanne 1971/72 A. RobertA Course in p-adic Analysis Alain M. RobertDiscovered at the turn of the 20th century, p-adic numbers are frequently used by mathematicians and physicists. This text is a self-contained presentation of basic p-adic analysis with a focus on analytic topics. It offers many features rarely treated in introductory p-adic texts such as topological models of p-adic spaces inside Euclidian space, a special case of Hazewinkel’s functional equation lemma, and a treatment of analytic elements.Non-standard Analysis Abraham RobinsonConsidered by many to be Abraham Robinson's magnum opus, this book offers an explanation of the development and applications of non-standard analysis by the mathematician who founded the subject. Non-standard analysis grew out of Robinson's attempt to resolve the contradictions posed by infinitesimals within calculus. He introduced this new subject in a seminar at Princeton in 1960, and it remains as controversial today as it was then. This paperback reprint of the 1974 revised edition is indispensable reading for anyone interested in non-standard analysis. It treats in rich detail many areas of application, including topology, functions of a real variable, functions of a complex variable, and normed linear spaces, together with problems of boundary layer flow of viscous fluids and rederivations of Saint-Venant's hypothesis concerning the distribution of stresses in an elastic body.Complex Analysis: 245 Rubi Rodriguez, Irwin Kra, Jane P. GilmanThis book is intended for a graduate course in complex analysis, where the main focus is the theory of complex-valued functions of a single complex variable. This theory is a prerequisite for the study of many areas of mathematics, including the theory of several finitely and infinitely many complex variables, hyperbolic geometry, two- and three-manifolds, and number theory. Complex analysis has connections and applications to many other subjects in mathematics and to other sciences. Thus this material will also be of interest to computer scientists, physicists, and engineers.The book covers most, if not all, of the material contained in Lipman Bers’s courses on first year complex analysis. In addition, topics of current interest, such as zeros of holomorphic functions and the connection between hyperbolic geometry and complex analysis, are explored.In addition to many new exercises, this second edition introduces a variety of new and interesting topics. New features include a section on Bers's theorem on isomorphisms between rings of holomorphic functions on plane domains; necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a bounded analytic function on the disc with prescribed zeros; sections on subharmonic functions and Perron's principle; and a section on the ring of holomorphic functions on a plane domain. There are three new appendices: the first is a contribution by Ranjan Roy on the history of complex analysis, the second contains background material on exterior differential calculus, and the third appendix includes an alternate approach to the Cauchy theory.Complex Analysis: In the Spirit of Lipman Bers Rubi Rodriguez, Irwin Kra, Jane P. GilmanThe authors’ aim here is to present a precise and concise treatment of those parts of complex analysis that should be familiar to every research mathematician. They follow a path in the tradition of Ahlfors and Bers by dedicating the book to a very precise goal: the statement and proof of the Fundamental Theorem for functions of one complex variable. They discuss the many equivalent ways of understanding the concept of analyticity, and offer a leisure exploration of interesting consequences and applications. Readers should have had undergraduate courses in advanced calculus, linear algebra, and some abstract algebra. No background in complex analysis is required.Cyclic Coverings, Calabi-Yau Manifolds and Complex Multiplication Christian RohdeCalabi-Yau manifolds have been an object of extensive research during the last two decades. One of the reasons is the importance of Calabi-Yau 3-manifolds in modern physics - notably string theory. An interesting class of Calabi-Yau manifolds is given by those with complex multiplication (CM). Calabi-Yau manifolds with CM are also of interest in theoretical physics, e. g. in connection with mirror symmetry and black hole attractors. It is the main aim of this book to construct families of Calabi-Yau 3-manifolds with dense sets of ?bers with complex multiplication. Most - amples in this book are constructed using families of curves with dense sets of ?bers with CM. The contents of this book can roughly be divided into two parts. The ?rst six chapters deal with families of curves with dense sets of CM ?bers and introduce the necessary theoretical background. This includes among other things several aspects of Hodge theory and Shimura varieties. Using the ?rst part, families of Calabi-Yau 3-manifolds with dense sets of ?bers withCM are constructed in the remaining ?ve chapters. In the appendix one ?nds examples of Calabi-Yau 3-manifolds with complex mul- plication which are not necessarily ?bers of a family with a dense set ofCM ?bers. The author hopes to have succeeded in writing a readable book that can also be used by non-specialists.Non-Archimedean functional analysis A. C. M. van RooijNumber Theory in Function Fields Michael RosenEarly in the development of number theory, it was noticed that the ring of integers has many properties in common with the ring of polynomials over a finite field. The first part of this book illustrates this relationship by presenting analogues of various theorems. The later chapters probe the analogy between global function fields and algebraic number fields. Topics include the ABC-conjecture, Brumer-Stark conjecture, and Drinfeld modules.Elementary Analysis: The Theory of Calculus Kenneth A. RossFor over three decades, this best-selling classic has been used by thousands of students in the United States and abroad as a must-have textbook for a transitional course from calculus to analysis. It has proven to be very useful for mathematics majors who have no previous experience with rigorous proofs. Its friendly style unlocks the mystery of writing proofs, while carefully examining the theoretical basis for calculus. Proofs are given in full, and the large number of well-chosen examples and exercises range from routine to challenging.The second edition preserves the book’s clear and concise style, illuminating discussions, and simple, well-motivated proofs. New topics include material on the irrationality of pi, the Baire category theorem, Newton's method and the secant method, and continuous nowhere-differentiable functions. Review from the first edition: "This book is intended for the student who has a good, but naïve, understanding of elementary calculus and now wishes to gain a thorough understanding of a few basic concepts in analysis.... The author has tried to write in an informal but precise style, stressing motivation and methods of proof, and ... has succeeded admirably." —MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS Fourier Analysis on Groups Walter RudinIn the late 1950s, many of the more refined aspects of Fourier analysis were transferred from their original settings (the unit circle, the integers, the real line) to arbitrary locally compact abelian (LCA) groups. Rudin's book, published in 1962, was the first to give a systematic account of these developments and has come to be regarded as a classic in the field. The basic facts concerning Fourier analysis and the structure of LCA groups are proved in the opening chapters, in order to make the treatment relatively self-contained.Function theory in polydiscs Walter Rudinlooks new to meFunction Theory in the Unit Ball of Cn Walter RudinFunction Theory in the Unit Ball of Cn. From the reviews: "…The book is easy on the reader. The prerequisites are minimal―just the standard graduate introduction to real analysis, complex analysis (one variable), and functional analysis. This presentation is unhurried and the author does most of the work. …certainly a valuable reference book, and (even though there are no exercises) could be used as a text in advanced courses." R. Rochberg in Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society. "…an excellent introduction to one of the most active research fields of complex analysis. …As the author emphasizes, the principal ideas can be presented clearly and explicitly in the ball, specific theorems can be quickly proved. …Mathematics lives in the book: main ideas of theorems and proofs, essential features of the subjects, lines of further developments, problems and conjectures are continually underlined. …Numerous examples throw light on the results as well as on the difficulties." C. Andreian Cazacu in Zentralblatt für Mathematik Functional Analysis Walter RudinThis classic text is written for graduate courses in functional analysis. This text is used in modern investigations in analysis and applied mathematics. This new edition includes up-to-date presentations of topics as well as more examples and exercises. New topics include Kakutani's fixed point theorem, Lamonosov's invariant subspace theorem, and an ergodic theorem.This text is part of the Walter Rudin Student Series in Advanced Mathematics. Principles of Mathematical Analysis. Second Edition Walter RudinThis book is intended to serve as a text for the course in analysis that is usually taken by advanced undergraduates or by first-year graduate students who study mathematics. The principal difference between the present edition and the first edition published ten years ago is that functions of several variables are now treated much more thoroughly. This change was made in response to numerous suggestions by users of the book. Chapter 9 now begins with a discussion of some basic vector-space concepts; derivatives of transformations are then defined as linear transformations; the inverse function theorem and some of its important consequences are formulated and proved in a determinant-free manner; the transformation properties of differential forms are established, and the chapter ends with a fairly general version of Stokes' theorem-the n-dimensional analogue of the fundamental theorem of calculus. In preparation for this, Chapters 2 and 4 contain more material on Euclidean spaces, and on metric spaces, than they did. This added generality should cause no added difficulty, though. The theorems presented here are no harder in the present setting than they are on the line or in the plane. No major changes were made in the other chapters, but much of the material was rewritten and many details were improved. The first part of Chapter 1, in which the real numbers are constructed by means of cuts in the rational number system, may be omitted at a first reading; if this is done, a logical foundation for the rest of the work can be obtained by taking the Dedekind theorem as a postulate and as a starting point. Chapters 1 to 7 should be taken up in the order in which they are presented. The three final chapters, however, are almost independent of each other. The number of problems has been increased to about 200. Some of these involve fairly direct applications of the results obtained in the text, while others will challenge the ingenuity of the better students.Real and Complex Analysis Walter RudinThis is an advanced text for the one- or two-semester course in analysis taught primarily to math, science, computer science, and electrical engineering majors at the junior, senior or graduate level. The basic techniques and theorems of analysis are presented in such a way that the intimate connections between its various branches are strongly emphasized. The traditionally separate subjects of 'real analysis' and 'complex analysis' are thus united in one volume. Some of the basic ideas from functional analysis are also included. This is the only book to take this unique approach. The third edition includes a new chapter on differentiation. Proofs of theorems presented in the book are concise and complete and many challenging exercises appear at the end of each chapter. The book is arranged so that each chapter builds upon the other, giving students a gradual understanding of the subject.This text is part of the Walter Rudin Student Series in Advanced Mathematics. Real and Complex Analysis Walter RudinThis is an advanced text for the one- or two-semester course in analysis taught primarily to math, science, computer science, and electrical engineering majors at the junior, senior or graduate level. The basic techniques and theorems of analysis are presented in such a way that the intimate connections between its various branches are strongly emphasized. The traditionally separate subjects of 'real analysis' and 'complex analysis' are thus united in one volume. Some of the basic ideas from functional analysis are also included. This is the only book to take this unique approach. The third edition includes a new chapter on differentiation. Proofs of theorems presented in the book are concise and complete and many challenging exercises appear at the end of each chapter. The book is arranged so that each chapter builds upon the other, giving students a gradual understanding of the subject.This text is part of the Walter Rudin Student Series in Advanced Mathematics. Real and Complex Analysis Walter RudinThis is an advanced text for the one- or two-semester course in analysis taught primarily to math, science, computer science, and electrical engineering majors at the junior, senior or graduate level. The basic techniques and theorems of analysis are presented in such a way that the intimate connections between its various branches are strongly emphasized. The traditionally separate subjects of 'real analysis' and 'complex analysis' are thus united in one volume. Some of the basic ideas from functional analysis are also included. This is the only book to take this unique approach. The third edition includes a new chapter on differentiation. Proofs of theorems presented in the book are concise and complete and many challenging exercises appear at the end of each chapter. The book is arranged so that each chapter builds upon the other, giving students a gradual understanding of the subject.This text is part of the Walter Rudin Student Series in Advanced Mathematics. Notes on Lie Algebras Hans Samelson(Cartan sub Lie algebra, roots, Weyl group, Dynkin diagram, . . . ) and the classification, as found by Killing and Cartan (the list of all semisimple Lie algebras consists of (1) the special- linear ones, i. e. all matrices (of any fixed dimension) with trace 0, (2) the orthogonal ones, i. e. all skewsymmetric ma trices (of any fixed dimension), (3) the symplectic ones, i. e. all matrices M (of any fixed even dimension) that satisfy M J = - J MT with a certain non-degenerate skewsymmetric matrix J, and (4) five special Lie algebras G2, F , E , E , E , of dimensions 14,52,78,133,248, the "exceptional Lie 4 6 7 s algebras" , that just somehow appear in the process). There is also a discus sion of the compact form and other real forms of a (complex) semisimple Lie algebra, and a section on automorphisms. The third chapter brings the theory of the finite dimensional representations of a semisimple Lie alge bra, with the highest or extreme weight as central notion. The proof for the existence of representations is an ad hoc version of the present standard proof, but avoids explicit use of the Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt theorem. Complete reducibility is proved, as usual, with J. H. C. Whitehead's proof (the first proof, by H. Weyl, was analytical-topological and used the exis tence of a compact form of the group in question). Then come H.Ultrametric Calculus: An Introduction to p-Adic Analysis W. H. SchikhofThis is an introduction to p-adic analysis which is elementary yet complete and which displays the variety of applications of the subject. Dr Schikhof is able to point out and explain how p-adic and 'real' analysis differ. This approach guarantees the reader quickly becomes acquainted with this equally 'real' analysis and appreciates its relevance. The reader's understanding is enhanced and deepened by the large number of exercises included throughout; these both test the reader's grasp and extend the text in interesting directions. As a consequence, this book will become a standard reference for professionals (especially in p-adic analysis, number theory and algebraic geometry) and will be welcomed as a textbook for advanced students of mathematics familiar with algebra and analysis.Ultrametric Calculus: An Introduction to p-Adic Analysis W. H. SchikhofThis is an introduction to p-adic analysis which is elementary yet complete and which displays the variety of applications of the subject. Dr Schikhof is able to point out and explain how p-adic and 'real' analysis differ. This approach guarantees the reader quickly becomes acquainted with this equally 'real' analysis and appreciates its relevance. The reader's understanding is enhanced and deepened by the large number of exercises included throughout; these both test the reader's grasp and extend the text in interesting directions. As a consequence, this book will become a standard reference for professionals (especially in p-adic analysis, number theory and algebraic geometry) and will be welcomed as a textbook for advanced students of mathematics familiar with algebra and analysis.p-adic Functional Analysis W.H. Schikhof, C. Perez-Garcia, Jerzy Kakol"Contains research articles by nearly 40 leading mathematicians from North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia, presented at the Fourth International Conference on p-adic Functional Analysis held recently in Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Includes numerous new open problems documented with extensive comments and references."An Introduction to Riemann Surfaces, Algebraic Curves and Moduli Spaces Martin SchlichenmaierThis book gives an introduction to modern geometry. Starting from an elementary level, the author develops deep geometrical concepts that play an important role in contemporary theoretical physics, presenting various techniques and viewpoints along the way. This second edition contains two additional, more advanced geometric techniques: the modern language and modern view of Algebraic Geometry and Mirror Symmetry.An Introduction to Riemann Surfaces, Algebraic Curves and Moduli Spaces Martin SchlichenmaierThis book gives an introduction to modern geometry. Starting from an elementary level, the author develops deep geometrical concepts that play an important role in contemporary theoretical physics, presenting various techniques and viewpoints along the way. This second edition contains two additional, more advanced geometric techniques: the modern language and modern view of Algebraic Geometry and Mirror Symmetry.Nonarchimedean Functional Analysis Peter SchneiderThis book grew out of a course which I gave during the winter term 1997/98 at the Universitat Munster. The course covered the material which here is presented in the first three chapters. The fourth more advanced chapter was added to give the reader a rather complete tour through all the important aspects of the theory of locally convex vector spaces over nonarchimedean fields. There is one serious restriction, though, which seemed inevitable to me in the interest of a clear presentation. In its deeper aspects the theory depends very much on the field being spherically complete or not. To give a drastic example, if the field is not spherically complete then there exist nonzero locally convex vector spaces which do not have a single nonzero continuous linear form. Although much progress has been made to overcome this problem a really nice and complete theory which to a large extent is analogous to classical functional analysis can only exist over spherically complete field8. I therefore allowed myself to restrict to this case whenever a conceptual clarity resulted. Although I hope that thi8 text will also be useful to the experts as a reference my own motivation for giving that course and writing this book was different. I had the reader in mind who wants to use locally convex vector spaces in the applications and needs a text to quickly gra8p this theory.The Grothendieck Theory of Dessins d'Enfants L. SchnepsThe focus of this book is on combinatorial objects, dessins d'enfants, which are drawings with vertices and edges on topological surfaces. Their interest lies in their relation with the set of algebraic curves defined over the closure of the rationals, and the corresponding action of the absolute Galois group on them. The articles contained here unite basic elements of the subject with recent advances. Topics covered include: the explicity association of algebraic curves to dessins, the study of the action of the Galois group on the dessins, computation and combinatorics, relations with modular forms, geometry, generating functions, TeichmÜller and moduli spaces. Researchers in number theory, algebraic geometry or related areas of group theory will find much of interest in this book.ELEMENTS OF THE THEORY OF ALGEBRAIC CURVES. A Volume in Addison-Wesley Series in Mathematics. A. SEIDENBERGGeometry of Riemann Surfaces and Teichmuller Spaces Mika SeppalaThe moduli problem is to describe the structure of the space of isomorphism classes of Riemann surfaces of a given topological type. This space is known as the moduli space and has been at the center of pure mathematics for more than a hundred years. In spite of its age, this field still attracts a lot of attention, the smooth compact Riemann surfaces being simply complex projective algebraic curves. Therefore the moduli space of compact Riemann surfaces is also the moduli space of complex algebraic curves. This space lies on the intersection of many fields of mathematics and may be studied from many different points of view. The aim of this monograph is to present information about the structure of the moduli space using as concrete and elementary methods as possible. This simple approach leads to a rich theory and opens a new way of treating the moduli problem, putting new life into classical methods that were used in the study of moduli problems in the 1920s.Kleinian Groups and Hyperbolic 3-Manifolds: Proceedings of the Warwick Workshop, September 11-14, 2001 Y. Komori V. Markovic C. SeriesIncluding presentations by field authorities describing the state of current research, a workshop was held on Kleinian groups and hyperbolic 3-manifolds in September 2001. This volume includes a selection of workshop contributions representative of its extremely high standards. Beginning graduate students will find them inspiring, and established researchers will discover reliable references to current research.Spaces of Kleinian Groups Yair N. Minsky Makoto Sakuma Caroline SeriesThe subject of Kleinian groups and hyperbolic 3-manifolds is currently undergoing explosively fast development, the last few years having seen the resolution of many longstanding conjectures. This volume contains important expositions and original work by some of the main contributors on topics such as topology and geometry of 3-manifolds, curve complexes, classical Ahlfors-Bers theory, computer explorations and projective structures. Researchers in these and related areas will find much of interest here from the explosion in the area over recent years, including important and original research from leading names in the field.A Course in Arithmetic J-P. SerreThis book is divided into two parts. The first one is purely algebraic. Its objective is the classification of quadratic forms over the field of rational numbers (Hasse-Minkowski theorem). It is achieved in Chapter IV. The first three chapters contain some preliminaries: quadratic reciprocity law, p-adic fields, Hilbert symbols. Chapter V applies the preceding results to integral quadratic forms of discriminant ± I. These forms occur in various questions: modular functions, differential topology, finite groups. The second part (Chapters VI and VII) uses "analytic" methods (holomor phic functions). Chapter VI gives the proof of the "theorem on arithmetic progressions" due to Dirichlet; this theorem is used at a critical point in the first part (Chapter Ill, no. 2.2). Chapter VII deals with modular forms, and in particular, with theta functions. Some of the quadratic forms of Chapter V reappear here. The two parts correspond to lectures given in 1962 and 1964 to second year students at the Ecole Normale Superieure. A redaction of these lectures in the form of duplicated notes, was made by J.-J. Sansuc (Chapters I-IV) and J.-P. Ramis and G. Ruget (Chapters VI-VII). They were very useful to me; I extend here my gratitude to their authors.Algebraic Groups and Class Fields Jean-Pierre SerreTranslation of the French EditionBy Jean-Pierre Serre - Linear Representations Of Finite Groups: 4th (fourth) Edition Jean-Pierre SerreLinear Representations of Finite Groups Jean-Pierre SerreThis book consists of three parts, rather different in level and purpose. The first part was originally written for quantum chemists. It describes the correspondence, due to Frobenius, between linear representations and characters. The second part is a course given in 1966 to second-year students of l’Ecole Normale. It completes in a certain sense the first part. The third part is an introduction to Brauer Theory.Local Algebra Jean-Pierre SerreThis is an English translation of the now classic "Algbre Locale - Multiplicits" originally published by Springer as LNM 11. It gives a short account of the main theorems of commutative algebra, with emphasis on modules, homological methods and intersection multiplicities. Many modifications to the original French text have been made for this English edition, making the text easier to read, without changing its intended informal character.Local Fields Jean-Pierre SerreThe goal of this book is to present local class field theory from the cohomo logical point of view, following the method inaugurated by Hochschild and developed by Artin-Tate. This theory is about extensions-primarily abelian-of "local" (i.e., complete for a discrete valuation) fields with finite residue field. For example, such fields are obtained by completing an algebraic number field; that is one of the aspects of "localisation". The chapters are grouped in "parts". There are three preliminary parts: the first two on the general theory of local fields, the third on group coho mology. Local class field theory, strictly speaking, does not appear until the fourth part. Here is a more precise outline of the contents of these four parts: The first contains basic definitions and results on discrete valuation rings, Dedekind domains (which are their "globalisation") and the completion process. The prerequisite for this part is a knowledge of elementary notions of algebra and topology, which may be found for instance in Bourbaki. The second part is concerned with ramification phenomena (different, discriminant, ramification groups, Artin representation). Just as in the first part, no assumptions are made here about the residue fields. It is in this setting that the "norm" map is studied; I have expressed the results in terms of "additive polynomials" and of "multiplicative polynomials", since using the language of algebraic geometry would have led me too far astray.Algebraic Geometry IV: Linear Algebraic Groups Invariant Theory A.N. Parshin I.R. ShafarevichTwo contributions on closely related subjects: the theory of linear algebraic groups and invariant theory, by well-known experts in the fields. The book will be very useful as a reference and research guide to graduate students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics.Iwasawa Theory Elliptic Curves with Complex Multiplication: P-Adic L Functions Ehud De ShalitIn the last fifteen years the Iwasawa theory has been applied with remarkable success to elliptic curves with complex multiplication. A clear yet general exposition of this theory is presented in this book. Following a chapter on formal groups and local units, the p-adic L functions of Manin-Vishik and Katz are constructed and studied. In the third chapter their relation to class field theory is discussed, and the applications to the conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer are dealt with in Chapter 4. Full proofs of two theorems of Coates-Wiles and of Greenberg are also presented in this chapter which may, in addition, be used as an introduction to the more recent work of Rubin. The book is largely self-contained and assumes familiarity only with fundamental material from algebraic number theory and the theory of elliptic curves. Some results are new and others are presented with new proofs.Advances in Ultrametric Analysis: 12th International Conference P-adic Functional Analysis July 2-6, 2012 University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada Khodr ShamseddineThis volume contains papers based on lectures given at the 12th International Conference on p -adic Functional Analysis, which was held at the University of Manitoba on July 2-6, 2012. The articles included in this book feature recent developments in various areas of non-archimedean analysis: branched values and zeros of the derivative of a $p$-adic meromorphic function, p -adic meromorphic functions $f^{\prime}P^{\prime}(f), g^{\prime}P^{\prime}(g)$ sharing a small function, properties of composition of analytic functions, partial fractional differentiability, morphisms between ultrametric Banach algebras of continuous functions and maximal ideals of finite dimension, the $p$-adic $q$-distributions, Banach spaces over fields with an infinite rank valuation, Grobman-Hartman theorems for diffeomorphisms of Banach spaces over valued fields, integral representations of continuous linear maps on $p$-adic spaces of continuous functions, non-Archimedean operator algebras, generalized Keller spaces over valued fields, proper multiplications on the completion of a totally ordered abelian group, the Grothendieck approximation theory in non-Archimedean functional analysis, generalized power series spaces, measure theory and the study of power series and analytic functions on the Levi-Civita fileds. Through a combination of new research articles and survey papers, this book provides the reader with an overview of current developments and techniques in non-archimedean analysis as well as a broad knowledge of some of the sub-areas of this exciting and fast-developing research area.Abelian Varieties with Complex Multiplication and Modular Functions Goro ShimuraReciprocity laws of various kinds play a central role in number theory. In the easiest case, one obtains a transparent formulation by means of roots of unity, which are special values of exponential functions. A similar theory can be developed for special values of elliptic or elliptic modular functions, and is called complex multiplication of such functions. In 1900 Hilbert proposed the generalization of these as the twelfth of his famous problems. In this book, Goro Shimura provides the most comprehensive generalizations of this type by stating several reciprocity laws in terms of abelian varieties, theta functions, and modular functions of several variables, including Siegel modular functions.This subject is closely connected with the zeta function of an abelian variety, which is also covered as a main theme in the book. The third topic explored by Shimura is the various algebraic relations among the periods of abelian integrals. The investigation of such algebraicity is relatively new, but has attracted the interest of increasingly many researchers. Many of the topics discussed in this book have not been covered before. In particular, this is the first book in which the topics of various algebraic relations among the periods of abelian integrals, as well as the special values of theta and Siegel modular functions, are treated extensively. Abelian Varieties with Complex Multiplication and Modular Functions Goro ShimuraReciprocity laws of various kinds play a central role in number theory. In the easiest case, one obtains a transparent formulation by means of roots of unity, which are special values of exponential functions. A similar theory can be developed for special values of elliptic or elliptic modular functions, and is called complex multiplication of such functions. In 1900 Hilbert proposed the generalization of these as the twelfth of his famous problems. In this book, Goro Shimura provides the most comprehensive generalizations of this type by stating several reciprocity laws in terms of abelian varieties, theta functions, and modular functions of several variables, including Siegel modular functions.This subject is closely connected with the zeta function of an abelian variety, which is also covered as a main theme in the book. The third topic explored by Shimura is the various algebraic relations among the periods of abelian integrals. The investigation of such algebraicity is relatively new, but has attracted the interest of increasingly many researchers. Many of the topics discussed in this book have not been covered before. In particular, this is the first book in which the topics of various algebraic relations among the periods of abelian integrals, as well as the special values of theta and Siegel modular functions, are treated extensively. Abelian Varieties with Complex Multiplication and Modular Functions Goro ShimuraReciprocity laws of various kinds play a central role in number theory. In the easiest case, one obtains a transparent formulation by means of roots of unity, which are special values of exponential functions. A similar theory can be developed for special values of elliptic or elliptic modular functions, and is called complex multiplication of such functions. In 1900 Hilbert proposed the generalization of these as the twelfth of his famous problems. In this book, Goro Shimura provides the most comprehensive generalizations of this type by stating several reciprocity laws in terms of abelian varieties, theta functions, and modular functions of several variables, including Siegel modular functions.This subject is closely connected with the zeta function of an abelian variety, which is also covered as a main theme in the book. The third topic explored by Shimura is the various algebraic relations among the periods of abelian integrals. The investigation of such algebraicity is relatively new, but has attracted the interest of increasingly many researchers. Many of the topics discussed in this book have not been covered before. In particular, this is the first book in which the topics of various algebraic relations among the periods of abelian integrals, as well as the special values of theta and Siegel modular functions, are treated extensively. Euler Products and Eisenstein Series Goro ShimuraThis volume has three chief objectives: 1) the determination of local Euler factors on classical groups in an explicit rational form; 2) Euler products and Eisenstein series on a unitary group of an arbitrary signature; and 3) a class number formula for a totally definite hermitian form. Though these are new results that have never before been published, Shimura starts with a quite general setting. He includes many topics of an expository nature so that the book can be viewed as an introduction to the theory of automorphic forms of several variables, Hecke theory in particular. Eventually, the exposition is specialized to unitary groups, but they are treated as a model case so that the reader can easily formulate the corresponding facts for other groups.There are various facts on algebraic groups and their localizations that are standard but were proved in some old papers or just called "well-known". In this book, the reader will find the proofs of many of them, as well as systematic expositions of the topics. This is the first book in which the Hecke theory of a general (nonsplit) classical group is treated. Introduction to the Arithmetic Theory of Automorphic Functions Goro ShimuraThe theory of automorphic forms is playing increasingly important roles in several branches of mathematics, even in physics, and is almost ubiquitous in number theory. This book introduces the reader to the subject and in particular to elliptic modular forms with emphasis on their number-theoretical aspects.After two chapters geared toward elementary levels, there follows a detailed treatment of the theory of Hecke operators, which associate zeta functions to modular forms. At a more advanced level, complex multiplication of elliptic curves and abelian varieties is discussed. The main question is the construction of abelian extensions of certain algebraic number fields, which is traditionally called "Hilbert's twelfth problem." Another advanced topic is the determination of the zeta function of an algebraic curve uniformized by modular functions, which supplies an indispensable background for the recent proof of Fermat's last theorem by Wiles. The Selberg-Arthur Trace Formula: Based on Lectures by James Arthur Salahoddin ShokranianThis book based on lectures given by James Arthur discusses the trace formula of Selberg and Arthur. The emphasis is laid on Arthur's trace formula for GL(r), with several examples in order to illustrate the basic concepts. The book will be useful and stimulating reading for graduate students in automorphic forms, analytic number theory, and non-commutative harmonic analysis, as well as researchers in these fields. Contents: I. Number Theory and Automorphic Representations.1.1. Some problems in classical number theory, 1.2. Modular forms and automorphic representations; II. Selberg's Trace Formula 2.1. Historical Remarks, 2.2. Orbital integrals and Selberg's trace formula, 2.3.Three examples, 2.4. A necessary condition, 2.5. Generalizations and applications; III. Kernel Functions and the Convergence Theorem, 3.1. Preliminaries on GL(r), 3.2. Combinatorics and reduction theory, 3.3. The convergence theorem; IV. The Ad lic Theory, 4.1. Basic facts; V. The Geometric Theory, 5.1. The JTO(f) and JT(f) distributions, 5.2. A geometric I-function, 5.3. The weight functions; VI. The Geometric Expansionof the Trace Formula, 6.1. Weighted orbital integrals, 6.2. The unipotent distribution; VII. The Spectral Theory, 7.1. A review of the Eisenstein series, 7.2. Cusp forms, truncation, the trace formula; VIII.The Invariant Trace Formula and its Applications, 8.1. The invariant trace formula for GL(r), 8.2. Applications and remarksGeometry of the Quintic Jerry ShurmanA chance for students to apply a wide range of mathematics to an engaging problemThis book helps students at the advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate levels to develop connections between the algebra, geometry, and analysis that they know, and to better appreciate the totality of what they have learned. The text demonstrates the use of general concepts by applying theorems from various areas in the context of one problem—solving the quintic. The problem is approached from two directions: the first is Felix Klein's nineteenth-century approach, using the icosahedron. The second approach presents recent works of Peter Doyle and Curt McMullen, which update Klein's use of transcendental functions to a solution through pure iteration. Filling a pedagogical gap in the literature and providing a solid platform from which to address more advanced material, this meticulously written book: * Develops the Riemann sphere and its field of functions, classifies the finite groups of its automorphisms, computes for each such group a generator of the group-invariant functions, and discusses algebraic aspects of inverting this generator * Gives, in the case of the icosahedral group, an elegant presentation of the relevant icosahedral geometry and its relation to the Brioschi quintic * Reduces the general quintic to Brioschi form by radicals * Proves Kronecker's theorem that an "auxiliary" square root is necessary for any such reduction * Expounds Doyle and McMullen's development of an iterative solution to the quintic * Provides a wealth of exercises and illustrations to clarify the geometry of the quintic Topics in Complex Function Theory, Elliptic Functions and Uniformization Theory C. L. SiegelDevelops the higher parts of function theory in a unified presentation. Starts with elliptic integrals and functions and uniformization theory, continues with automorphic functions and the theory of abelian integrals and ends with the theory of abelian functions and modular functions in several variables. The last topic originates with the author and appears here for the first time in book form.Lectures on Riemann matrices, Carl Ludwig SiegelAdvanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves Joseph H. SilvermanIn The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves, the author presented the basic theory culminating in two fundamental global results, the Mordell-Weil theorem on the finite generation of the group of rational points and Siegel's theorem on the finiteness of the set of integral points. This book continues the study of elliptic curves by presenting six important, but somewhat more specialized topics: I. Elliptic and modular functions for the full modular group. II. Elliptic curves with complex multiplication. III. Elliptic surfaces and specialization theorems. IV. Néron models, Kodaira-N ron classification of special fibres, Tate's algorithm, and Ogg's conductor-discriminant formula. V. Tate's theory of q-curves over p-adic fields. VI. Néron's theory of canonical local height functions.The Arithmetic of Dynamical Systems Joseph H. SilvermanThis book provides an introduction to the relatively new discipline of arithmetic dynamics. Whereas classical discrete dynamics is the study of iteration of self-maps of the complex plane or real line, arithmetic dynamics is the study of the number-theoretic properties of rational and algebraic points under repeated application of a polynomial or rational function. A principal theme of arithmetic dynamics is that many of the fundamental problems in the theory of Diophantine equations have dynamical analogs.This graduate-level text provides an entry for students into an active field of research and serves as a standard reference for researchers.The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves Joseph H. SilvermanThe theory of elliptic curves is distinguished by its long history and by the diversity of the methods that have been used in its study. This book treats the arithmetic theory of elliptic curves in its modern formulation, through the use of basic algebraic number theory and algebraic geometry. The book begins with a brief discussion of the necessary algebro-geometric results, and proceeds with an exposition of the geometry of elliptic curves, the formal group of an elliptic curve, elliptic curves over finite fields, the complex numbers, local fields, and global fields. The last two chapters deal with integral and rational points, including Siegel's theorem and explicit computations for the curve Y^2 = X^3 + DX. The book contains three appendices: Elliptic Curves in Characteristics 2 and 3, Group Cohomology, and a third appendix giving an overview of more advanced topics.The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves Joseph H. SilvermanThe theory of elliptic curves is distinguished by its long history and by the diversity of the methods that have been used in its study. This book treats the arithmetic approach in its modern formulation, through the use of basic algebraic number theory and algebraic geometry. Following a brief discussion of the necessary algebro-geometric results, the book proceeds with an exposition of the geometry and the formal group of elliptic curves, elliptic curves over finite fields, the complex numbers, local fields, and global fields. Final chapters deal with integral and rational points, including Siegels theorem and explicit computations for the curve Y = X + DX, while three appendices conclude the whole: Elliptic Curves in Characteristics 2 and 3, Group Cohomology, and an overview of more advanced topics.Ecuaciones Diferenciales George SimmonsLecture Notes on Elementary Topology and Geometry I.M. Singer, J.A. ThorpeAt the present time, the average undergraduate mathematics major finds mathematics heavily compartmentalized. After the calculus, he takes a course in analysis and a course in algebra. Depending upon his interests (or those of his department), he takes courses in special topics. Ifhe is exposed to topology, it is usually straightforward point set topology; if he is exposed to geom etry, it is usually classical differential geometry. The exciting revelations that there is some unity in mathematics, that fields overlap, that techniques of one field have applications in another, are denied the undergraduate. He must wait until he is well into graduate work to see interconnections, presumably because earlier he doesn't know enough. These notes are an attempt to break up this compartmentalization, at least in topology-geometry. What the student has learned in algebra and advanced calculus are used to prove some fairly deep results relating geometry, topol ogy, and group theory. (De Rham's theorem, the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for surfaces, the functorial relation of fundamental group to covering space, and surfaces of constant curvature as homogeneous spaces are the most note worthy examples.) In the first two chapters the bare essentials of elementary point set topology are set forth with some hint ofthe subject's application to functional analysis.Cours de MAthematiques Superieures Tome III Premiere Partie V. SmirnovAn Invitation to Algebraic Geometry Karen Smith, Lauri Kahanpää, Pekka Kekäläinen, William TravesThis is a description of the underlying principles of algebraic geometry, some of its important developments in the twentieth century, and some of the problems that occupy its practitioners today. It is intended for the working or the aspiring mathematician who is unfamiliar with algebraic geometry but wishes to gain an appreciation of its foundations and its goals with a minimum of prerequisites. Few algebraic prerequisites are presumed beyond a basic course in linear algebra.Polynomial Invariants of Finite Groups Larry SmithWritten by an algebraic topologist motivated by his own desire to learn, this well-written book represents the compilation of the most essential and interesting results and methods in the theory of polynomial invariants of finite groups. From the table of contents: - Invariants and Relative Invariants - Finite Generation of Invariants - Construction of Invariants - Poincaré Series - Dimension Theoretic Properties of Rings of Invariants - Homological Properties of Invariants - Groups Generated by Reflections - Modular Invariants - Polynomial Tensor Exterior Algebras - Invariant Theory and Algebraic Topology - The Steenrod Algebra and Modular Invariant TheorySelected topics in algebraic geometry - II. Supplemental report of the Committee on rational transformations Virgil, ; Black, Amos Hale, ; Dye, Leaman Andrew. National Research Council U.S.. SnyderReviews in Complex Analysis, 1980-1986 American Mathematical SocietyThese four volumes contain the more than 13,000 reviews with a primary or a secondary classification in one of these three subdivisions of complex analysis (classification numbers 30, 31, and 32). References are given after each review to all the subsequent reviews that cite the item. The fourth volume of this set contains author and key indexes.Analytical Conics D M Y SommervilleCálculo en variedades Michael SpivakLa primera mitad del libro se ocupa de la parte simple del Cálculo superior que generaliza a otras dimensiones del Cálculo elemental. El capítulo primero contiene los preliminares, y los capítulos segundo y tercero se ocupan de Diferenciación e integraciónCálculo en variedades Michael SpivakLa primera mitad del libro se ocupa de la parte simple del Cálculo superior que generaliza a otras dimensiones del Cálculo elemental. El capítulo primero contiene los preliminares, y los capítulos segundo y tercero se ocupan de Diferenciación e integraciónIntroduction to Riemann Surfaces George S. SpringerThis well-known book is a self-contained treatment of the classical theory of abstract Riemann surfaces. The first five chapters cover the requisite function theory and topology for Riemann surfaces. The second five chapters cover differentials and uniformization. For compact Riemann surfaces, there are clear treatments of divisors, Weierstrass points, the Riemann-Roch theorem and other important topics. Springer's book is an excellent text for an introductory course on Riemann surfaces. It includes exercises after each chapter and is illustrated with a beautiful set of figures.Geometry from Euclid to Knots Saul StahlDesigned to inform readers about the formal development of Euclidean geometry and to prepare prospective high school mathematics instructors to teach Euclidean geometry, this text closely follows Euclid's classic, Elements. The text augments Euclid's statements with appropriate historical commentary and many exercises — more than 1,000 practice exercises provide readers with hands-on experience in solving geometrical problems. In addition to providing a historical perspective on plane geometry, this text covers non-Euclidean geometries, allowing students to cultivate an appreciation of axiomatic systems. Additional topics include circles and regular polygons, projective geometry, symmetries, inversions, knots and links, graphs, surfaces, and informal topology. This republication of a popular text is substantially less expensive than prior editions and offers a new Preface by the author. Counterexamples in Topology Lynn Arthur Steen, J. Arthur Seebach Jr.Over 140 examples, preceded by a succinct exposition of general topology and basic terminology. Each example treated as a whole. Over 25 Venn diagrams and charts summarize properties of the examples, while discussions of general methods of construction and change give readers insight into constructing counterexamples. Includes problems and exercises, correlated with examples. Bibliography. 1978 edition.Representation Theory of Finite Groups: An Introductory Approach Benjamin SteinbergThis book is intended to present group representation theory at a level accessible to mature undergraduate students and beginning graduate students. This is achieved by mainly keeping the required background to the level of undergraduate linear algebra, group theory and very basic ring theory. Module theory and Wedderburn theory, as well as tensor products, are deliberately avoided. Instead, we take an approach based on discrete Fourier Analysis. Applications to the spectral theory of graphs are given to help the student appreciate the usefulness of the subject. A number of exercises are included. This book is intended for a 3rd/4th undergraduate course or an introductory graduate course on group representation theory. However, it can also be used as a reference for workers in all areas of mathematics and statistics.The Four Pillars of Geometry John StillwellThis book is unique in that it looks at geometry from 4 different viewpoints - Euclid-style axioms, linear algebra, projective geometry, and groups and their invariantsApproach makes the subject accessible to readers of all mathematical tastes, from the visual to the algebraic Abundantly supplemented with figures and exercises Sources of Hyperbolic Geometry John StillwellThis book presents, for the first time in English, the papers of Beltrami, Klein, and Poincare that brought hyperbolic geometry into the mainstream of mathematics. A recognition of Beltrami comparable to that given the pioneering works of Bolyai and Labachevsky seems long overdue - not only because Beltrami rescued hyperbolic geometry from oblivion by proving it to be logically consistent, but because he gave it a concrete meaning (a model) that made hyperbolic geometry part of ordinary mathematics. The models subsequently discovered by Klein and Poincare brought hyperbolic geometry even further down to earth and paved the way for the current explosion of activity in low-dimensional geometry and topology. By placing the works of these three mathematicians side by side and providing commentaries, this book gives the student, historian, or professional geometer a bird's-eye view of one of the great episodes in mathematics. The unified setting and historical context reveal the insights of Beltrami, Klein, and Poincare in their full brilliance.Linear Algebra and Its Applications, 4th Edition Gilbert Strang4th Edition printed by Brooks Cole India. Same content as the hardcover version. Pages are printed in black and white.Geometric Topology: Localization, Periodicity and Galois Symmetry: The 1970 MIT Notes Dennis P. Sullivan, Andrew RanickiThe seminal ‘MIT notes’ of Dennis Sullivan were issued in June 1970 and were widely circulated at the time. The notes had a - jor in?uence on the development of both algebraic and geometric topology, pioneering the localization and completion of spaces in homotopy theory, including p-local, pro?nite and rational homotopy theory, le- ing to the solution of the Adams conjecture on the relationship between vector bundles and spherical ?brations, the formulation of the ‘Sullivan conjecture’ on the contractibility of the space of maps from the classifying space of a ?nite group to a ?nite dimensional CW complex, theactionoftheGalois groupoverQofthealgebraicclosureQof Q on smooth manifold structures in pro?nite homotopy theory, the K-theory orientation ofPL manifolds and bundles. Some of this material has been already published by Sullivan him- 1 self: in an article in the Proceedings of the 1970 Nice ICM, and in the 1974 Annals of Mathematics papers Genetics of homotopy theory and the Adams conjecture and The transversality character- 2 istic class and linking cycles in surgery theory . Many of the ideas originating in the notes have been the starting point of subsequent 1 reprinted at the end of this volume 2 joint with John Morgan vii viii 3 developments . However, the text itself retains a unique ?avour of its time, and of the range of Sullivan’s ideas.Group Theory I M. SuzukiGroup Theory II M. SuzukiThis is a translation from the Japanese of the second volume (chapters four through six) of my book "Gunron" (Iwanami Shoten, 1978). After discussing the concept of commutators in the fourth chapter, we tum to a discussion of the methods and theorems pertaining to finite groups. The last chapter is intended as an introduction to the recent progress in the theory of simple groups. Forihe translation, I have kept the main body of the text unchanged, however I have added a few comments in the last chapter in order to inform the readers of the most recent progress. I would like to express my appreciation to Kazuko Suzuki for her devoted help in translating this book. Finally, it gives me great pleasure to acknowl edge my indebtedness to my wife, Naoko, for her constant support and understanding, and for converting the long and often illegible manuscript into a beautifully typed one. To her, I express my sincere thanks and appreciation. July, 1985 Michio Suzuki Contents (Part II) List of Notation IX Chapter 4 Commutators § 1. Commutator Subgroups §2. Nilpotent Groups 13 37 §3. Commutator Calculations 54 §4. Finite p-Groups . . .Group Theory II Michio SuzukiThis is a translation from the Japanese of the second volume (chapters four through six) of my book "Gunron" (Iwanami Shoten, 1978). After discussing the concept of commutators in the fourth chapter, we tum to a discussion of the methods and theorems pertaining to finite groups. The last chapter is intended as an introduction to the recent progress in the theory of simple groups. Forihe translation, I have kept the main body of the text unchanged, however I have added a few comments in the last chapter in order to inform the readers of the most recent progress. I would like to express my appreciation to Kazuko Suzuki for her devoted help in translating this book. Finally, it gives me great pleasure to acknowl edge my indebtedness to my wife, Naoko, for her constant support and understanding, and for converting the long and often illegible manuscript into a beautifully typed one. To her, I express my sincere thanks and appreciation. July, 1985 Michio Suzuki Contents (Part II) List of Notation IX Chapter 4 Commutators § 1. Commutator Subgroups §2. Nilpotent Groups 13 37 §3. Commutator Calculations 54 §4. Finite p-Groups . . .Analytic Theory of Abelian Varieties H. P. F. Swinnerton-DyerThe study of abelian manifolds forms a natural generalization of the theory of elliptic functions, that is, of doubly periodic functions of one complex variable. When an abelian manifold is embedded in a projective space it is termed an abelian variety in an algebraic geometrical sense. This introduction presupposes little more than a basic course in complex variables. The notes contain all the material on abelian manifolds needed for application to geometry and number theory, although they do not contain an exposition of either application. Some geometrical results are included however.Galois Groups and Fundamental Groups Tamás SzamuelyEver since the concepts of Galois groups in algebra and fundamental groups in topology emerged during the nineteenth century, mathematicians have known of the strong analogies between the two concepts. This book presents the connection starting at an elementary level, showing how the judicious use of algebraic geometry gives access to the powerful interplay between algebra and topology that underpins much modern research in geometry and number theory. Assuming as little technical background as possible, the book starts with basic algebraic and topological concepts, but already presented from the modern viewpoint advocated by Grothendieck. This enables a systematic yet accessible development of the theories of fundamental groups of algebraic curves, fundamental groups of schemes, and Tannakian fundamental groups. The connection between fundamental groups and linear differential equations is also developed at increasing levels of generality. Key applications and recent results, for example on the inverse Galois problem, are given throughout.Orthogonal Polynomials (Colloquium Publications) (Colloquium Publications (Amer Mathematical Soc)) Gabor SzegoThis first detailed systematic treatment of orthogonal polynomials continues as a bestseller in the Colloquium Series.An Introduction to Teichmüller Spaces Yoichi Imayoshi Masahiko TaniguchiThis is the English translation of our introductory book on Teichmiiller space written in Japanese. We have taken advantage of the opportunity afforded by this translation to correct some minor errors in the original text, and to include several new related topics as additional sections or subsections. Among other things, we add the construction of Thurston's compactification of the Teichmiiller space in 4 of Chapter 3, and the Thurston and Bers theory on the classification of Teichmiiller modular transformations in 5 of Chapter 6. We also include a sketch of the proof of celebrated theorems of Royden ( 4 of Chapter 6), connection between Teichmiiller theory and deformation theory of the complex structures of Riemann surfaces due to Kodaira and Spencer ( 2.4 of Chapter 7), and a derivation of negativity of curvatures of the Teichmiiller space with respect to the Weil-Petersson metric ( 3.4 of Chapter 7). Further, we indicate how to verify that the compactified moduli space of a compact Riemann surface, constructed in Appendix B, is actually compact. We include several new references chiefly related to added parts. Other than these, the main body of the text is unchanged. Professors Tadashi Kuroda and Kotaro Oikawa kindly read the manuscript of the English edition and gave much valuable advice. We also record our gratitude to all friends and colleagues, especially Sadayoshi Kojima, Makoto Masumoto, Toshiyuki Sugawa, and Harumi Tanigawa, who rendered us much help by reading various parts of the manuscript.Analysis I Terence TaoAnalysis II Terence TaoThis is part one of a two-volume introduction to real analysis and is intended for honours undergraduates, who have already been exposed to calculus. The emphasis is on rigour and on foundations. The material starts at the very beginning - the construction of number systems and set theory, then goes on to the basics of analysis (limits, series, continuity, differentiation, Riemann integration), through to power series, several variable calculus and Fourier analysis, and finally to the Lebesgue integral. These are almost entirely set in the concrete setting of the real line and Euclidean spaces, although there is some material on abstract metric and topological spaces. There are appendices on mathematical logic and the decimal system. The entire text (omitting some less central topics) can be taught in two quarters of twenty-five to thirty lectures each. The course material is deeply intertwined with the exercises, as it is intended that the student actively learn the material (and practice thinking and writing rigorously) by proving several of the key results in the theory. The second edition has been extensively revised and updated.Introduction to Functional Analysis Angus E.; Lay, David C. TaylorNavier-Stokes Equations: Theory and Numerical Analysis Roger TemamThis book was originally published in 1977 and has since been reprinted four times (the last reprint was in 1984). The current volume is reprinted and fully retypeset by the AMS. It is very close in content to the 1984 edition. The book presents a systematic treatment of results on the theory and numerical analysis of the Navier-Stokes equations for viscous incompressible fluids. Considered are the linearized stationary case, the nonlinear stationary case, and the full nonlinear time-dependent case. The relevant mathematical tools are introduced at each stage.The new material in this book is Appendix III, reproducing a survey article written in 1998. This appendix contains a few aspects not addressed in the earlier editions, in particular a short derivation of the Navier-Stokes equations from the basic conservation principles in continuum mechanics, further historical perspectives, and indications on new developments in the area. The appendix also surveys some aspects of the related Euler equations and the compressible Navier-Stokes equations. Readers are advised to peruse this appendix before reading the core of the book. This book presents basic results on the theory of Navier-Stokes equations and, as such, continues to serve as a comprehensive reference source on the topic. The geometry and topology of 3-manifolds William P ThurstonThree-Dimensional Geometry and Topology, Vol. 1 William P. Thurston, Silvio LevyThis book develops some of the extraordinary richness, beauty, and power of geometry in two and three dimensions, and the strong connection of geometry with topology. Hyperbolic geometry is the star. A strong effort has been made to convey not just denatured formal reasoning (definitions, theorems, and proofs), but a living feeling for the subject. There are many figures, examples, and exercises of varying difficulty.This book was the origin of a grand scheme developed by Thurston that is now coming to fruition. In the 1920s and 1930s the mathematics of two-dimensional spaces was formalized. It was Thurston's goal to do the same for three-dimensional spaces. To do this, he had to establish the strong connection of geometry to topology—the study of qualitative questions about geometrical structures. The author created a new set of concepts, and the expression "Thurston-type geometry" has become a commonplace. Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology had its origins in the form of notes for a graduate course the author taught at Princeton University between 1978 and 1980. Thurston shared his notes, duplicating and sending them to whoever requested them. Eventually, the mailing list grew to more than one thousand names. The book is the culmination of two decades of research and has become the most important and influential text in the field. Its content also provided the methods needed to solve one of mathematics' oldest unsolved problems—the Poincaré Conjecture. In 2005 Thurston won the first AMS Book Prize, for Three-dimensional Geometry and Topology. The prize recognizes an outstanding research book that makes a seminal contribution to the research literature. Thurston received the Fields Medal, the mathematical equivalent of the Nobel Prize, in 1982 for the depth and originality of his contributions to mathematics. In 1979 he was awarded the Alan T. Waterman Award, which recognizes an outstanding young researcher in any field of science or engineering supported by the National Science Foundation. Galois' Theory Of Algebraic Equations Jean-Pierre TignolGalois' Theory of Algebraic Equations gives a detailed account of the development of the theory of algebraic equations, from its origins in ancient times to its completion by Galois in the nineteenth century. The main emphasis is placed on equations of at least the third degree, i.e. on the developments during the period from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. The appropriate parts of works by Cardano, Lagrange, Vandermonde, Gauss, Abel and Galois are reviewed and placed in their historical perspective, with the aim of conveying to the reader a sense of the way in which the theory of algebraic equations has evolved and has led to such basic mathematical notions as "group" and "field". A brief discussion on the fundamental theorems of modern Galois theory is included. Complete proofs of the quoted results are provided, but the material has been organized in such a way that the most technical details can be skipped by readers who are interested primarily in a broad survey of the theory. This book will appeal to both undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics and the history of science, and also to teachers and mathematicians who wish to obtain a historical perspective of the field. The text has been designed to be self-contained, but some familiarity with basic mathematical structures and with some elementary notions of linear algebra is desirable for a good understanding of the technical discussions in the later chapters.Teichmüller Theory in Riemannian Geometry Anthony TrombaThese lecture notes are based on the joint work of the author and Arthur Fischer on Teichmiiller theory undertaken in the years 1980-1986. Since then many of our colleagues have encouraged us to publish our approach to the subject in a concise format, easily accessible to a broad mathematical audience. However, it was the invitation by the faculty of the ETH Ziirich to deliver the ETH N achdiplom-Vorlesungen on this material which provided the opportunity for the author to develop our research papers into a format suitable for mathematicians with a modest background in differential geometry. We also hoped it would provide the basis for a graduate course stressing the application of fundamental ideas in geometry. For this opportunity the author wishes to thank Eduard Zehnder and Jiirgen Moser, acting director and director of the Forschungsinstitut fiir Mathematik at the ETH, Gisbert Wiistholz, responsible for the Nachdiplom Vorlesungen and the entire ETH faculty for their support and warm hospitality. This new approach to Teichmiiller theory presented here was undertaken for two reasons. First, it was clear that the classical approach, using the theory of extremal quasi-conformal mappings (in this approach we completely avoid the use of quasi-conformal maps) was not easily applicable to the theory of minimal surfaces, a field of interest of the author over many years. Second, many other active mathematicians, who at various times needed some Teichmiiller theory, have found the classical approach inaccessible to them.An Introduction to Algebraic Geometry Kenji Ueno, Katsumi NomizuThis introduction to algebraic geometry allows readers to grasp the fundamentals of the subject with only linear algebra and calculus as prerequisites. After a brief history of the subject, the book introduces projective spaces and projective varieties, and explains plane curves and resolution of their singularities. The volume further develops the geometry of algebraic curves and treats congruence zeta functions of algebraic curves over a finite field. It concludes with a complex analytical discussion of algebraic curves. The author emphasizes computation of concrete examples rather than proofs, and these examples are discussed from various viewpoints. This approach allows readers to develop a deeper understanding of the theorems.Homographies Quaternions and Rotations P Du ValGraphs on Surfaces and Their Applications Sergei K. Lando Alexander K. Zvonkin R.V. Gamkrelidze V.A. VassilievGraphs drawn on two-dimensional surfaces have always attracted researchers by their beauty and by the variety of difficult questions to which they give rise. The theory of such embedded graphs, which long seemed rather isolated, has witnessed the appearance of entirely unexpected new applications in recent decades, ranging from Galois theory to quantum gravity models, and has become a kind of a focus of a vast field of research. The book provides an accessible introduction to this new domain, including such topics as coverings of Riemann surfaces, the Galois group action on embedded graphs (Grothendieck's theory of "dessins d'enfants"), the matrix integral method, moduli spaces of curves, the topology of meromorphic functions, and combinatorial aspects of Vassiliev's knot invariants and, in an appendix by Don Zagier, the use of finite group representation theory. The presentation is concrete throughout, with numerous figures, examples (including computer calculations) and exercises, and should appeal to both graduate students and researchers.Homology Theory: An Introduction to Algebraic Topology James W. VickThis introduction to some basic ideas in algebraic topology is devoted to the foundations and applications of homology theory. After the essentials of singular homology and some important applications are given, successive topics covered include attaching spaces, finite CW complexes, cohomology products, manifolds, Poincare duality, and fixed point theory. This second edition includes a chapter on covering spaces and many new exercises.Homology Theory: An Introduction to Algebraic Topology: v. 145 James W. VickThis introduction to some basic ideas in algebraic topology is devoted to the foundations and applications of homology theory. After the essentials of singular homology and some important applications are given, successive topics covered include attaching spaces, finite CW complexes, cohomology products, manifolds, Poincare duality, and fixed point theory. This second edition includes a chapter on covering spaces and many new exercises.Geometry II: Spaces of Constant Curvature E.B. VinbergA very clear account of the subject from the viewpoints of elementary geometry, Riemannian geometry and group theory – a book with no rival in the literature. Mostly accessible to first-year students in mathematics, the book also includes very recent results which will be of interest to researchers in this field.Algebraic curves Robert John WalkerThis book was written to furnish a starting point for the study of algebraic geometry. The topics presented and methods of presenting them were chosen with the following ideas in mind; to keep the treat ment as elementary as possible, to introduce some of the recently devel oped algebraic methods of handling problems of algebraic geometry, to show how these methods are related to the older analytic and geometric methods, and to apply the general methods to specific geometric prob lems. These criteria led to a selection of topics from the theory of curves, centering around birational transformations and linear series. Experience in teaching the material showed the need of an intro duction to the underlying algebra and projective geometry, so this is supplied in the first two chapters. The inclusion of this material makes the book almost entirely self-contained. Methods of presentation, proof of theorems, and problems, have been adapted from various sources. We should mention, in particular, Severi-Laffier, Vorlesungen uber Algebraische Geometrie, van der Waerden, Algebraische Geometrie and Moderne Algebra, and lecture notes of S. Lefschetz and O. Zariski. We also wish to thank Mr. R. L. Beinert and Prof. G. L. Walker for suggestions and assistance with the proof, and particularly Prof. Saunders MacLane for a very careful examination and criticism of an early version of the work. R. J. WALKER Cornell University December 1, 1949 Contents Preface .Basic Number Theory Andre WeilFrom the reviews: "L.R. Shafarevich showed me the first edition […] and said that this book will be from now on the book about class field theory. In fact it is by far the most complete treatment of the main theorems of algebraic number theory, including function fields over finite constant fields, that appeared in book form." Zentralblatt MATHGalois Theory Steven WeintraubGalois theory is a mature mathematical subject of particular beauty. Any Galois theory book written nowadays bears a great debt to Emil Artin’s classic text "Galois Theory," and this book is no exception. While Artin’s book pioneered an approach to Galois theory that relies heavily on linear algebra, this book’s author takes the linear algebra emphasis even further. This special approach to the subject together with the clarity of its presentation, as well as the choice of topics covered, has made the first edition of this book a more than worthwhile addition to the literature on Galois Theory. The second edition, with a new chapter on transcendental extensions, will only further serve to make the book appreciated by and approachable to undergraduate and beginning graduate math majors.Representation Theory of Finite Groups: Algebra and Arithmetic Steven H. Weintraub'We explore widely in the valley of ordinary representations, and we take the reader over the mountain pass leading to the valley of modular representations, to a point from which (s)he can survey this valley, but we do not attempt to widely explore it. We hope the reader will be sufficiently fascinated by the scenery to further explore both valleys on his/her own' - from the Preface. Representation theory plays important roles in geometry, algebra, analysis, and mathematical physics. In particular, it has been one of the great tools in the study and classification of finite groups. The theory contains some particularly beautiful results: Frobenius' theorem, Burnside's theorem, Artin's theorem, Brauer's theorem - all of which are covered in this textbook. Some seem uninspiring at first but prove to be quite useful. Others are clearly deep from the outset.And when a group (finite or otherwise) acts on something else (as a set of symmetries, for example), one ends up with a natural representation of the group. This book is an introduction to the representation theory of finite groups from an algebraic point of view, regarding representations as modules over the group algebra. The approach is to develop the requisite algebra in reasonable generality and then to specialize it to the case of group representations. Methods and results particular to group representations, such as characters and induced representations, are developed in depth. Arithmetic comes into play when considering the field of definition of a representation, especially for subfields of the complex numbers.The book has an extensive development of the semisimple case, where the characteristic of the field is zero or is prime to the order of the group, and builds the foundations of the modular case, where the characteristic of the field divides the order of the group. The book assumes only the material of a standard graduate course in algebra. It is suitable as a text for a year-long graduate course. The subject is of interest to students of algebra, number theory and algebraic geometry. The systematic treatment presented here makes the book also valuable as a reference.Algebraic Theory of Numbers Hermann WeylIn this, one of the first books to appear in English on the theory of numbers, the eminent mathematician Hermann Weyl explores fundamental concepts in arithmetic. The book begins with the definitions and properties of algebraic fields, which are relied upon throughout. The theory of divisibility is then discussed, from an axiomatic viewpoint, rather than by the use of ideals. There follows an introduction to p-adic numbers and their uses, which are so important in modern number theory, and the book culminates with an extensive examination of algebraic number fields.Weyl's own modest hope, that the work "will be of some use," has more than been fulfilled, for the book's clarity, succinctness, and importance rank it as a masterpiece of mathematical exposition. Graphs of Groups on Surfaces: Interactions and Models A.T. WhiteThe book, suitable as both an introductory reference and as a text book in the rapidly growing field of topological graph theory, models both maps (as in map-coloring problems) and groups by means of graph imbeddings on sufaces. Automorphism groups of both graphs and maps are studied. In addition connections are made to other areas of mathematics, such as hypergraphs, block designs, finite geometries, and finite fields. There are chapters on the emerging subfields of enumerative topological graph theory and random topological graph theory, as well as a chapter on the composition of English church-bell music. The latter is facilitated by imbedding the right graph of the right group on an appropriate surface, with suitable symmetries. Throughout the emphasis is on Cayley maps: imbeddings of Cayley graphs for finite groups as (possibly branched) covering projections of surface imbeddings of loop graphs with one vertex. This is not as restrictive as it might sound; many developments in topological graph theory involve such imbeddings.The approach aims to make all this interconnected material readily accessible to a beginning graduate (or an advanced undergraduate) student, while at the same time providing the research mathematician with a useful reference book in topological graph theory. The focus will be on beautiful connections, both elementary and deep, within mathematics that can best be described by the intuitively pleasing device of imbedding graphs of groups on surfaces. Graphs, Groups and Surfaces Arthur T. WhiteThe field of topological graph theory has expanded greatly in the ten years since the first edition of this book appeared. The original nine chapters of this classic work have therefore been revised and updated. Six new chapters have been added, dealing with: voltage graphs, non-orientable imbeddings, block designs associated with graph imbeddings, hypergraph imbeddings, map automorphism groups and change ringing. Thirty-two new problems have been added to this new edition, so that there are now 181 in all; 22 of these have been designated as ``difficult'' and 9 as ``unsolved''. Three of the four unsolved problems from the first edition have been solved in the ten years between editions; they are now marked as ``difficult''.A Course of Modern Analysis E. T. Whittaker, G. N. WatsonA Course Of Modern Analysis - Second Edition - An Unabridged, Completely Revised Printing Of The First Edition, With Additions (Riemann Integration, Integral Equations, Riemann-Zeta Function) And Corrections, And Consistent With All Subsequent Editions (at publication), Save For The 23rd Chapter Dealing With Ellipsoidal Harmonics And Lame's Equation - This Edition Has Been Digitally Enlarged, To Include The Decimal System Of Paragraphing, With Appendix, List Of Quoted Authors, And Comprehensive General Index.A Course of Modern Analysis E. T. Whittaker, G. N. WatsonA Course Of Modern Analysis - Second Edition - An Unabridged, Completely Revised Printing Of The First Edition, With Additions (Riemann Integration, Integral Equations, Riemann-Zeta Function) And Corrections, And Consistent With All Subsequent Editions (at publication), Save For The 23rd Chapter Dealing With Ellipsoidal Harmonics And Lame's Equation - This Edition Has Been Digitally Enlarged, To Include The Decimal System Of Paragraphing, With Appendix, List Of Quoted Authors, And Comprehensive General Index.A Course of Modern Analysis E. T. Whittaker, G. N. WatsonThis classic text has entered and held the field as the standard book on the applications of analysis to the transcendental functions. The authors explain the methods of modern analysis in the first part of the book and then proceed to a detailed discussion of the transcendental function, unhampered by the necessity of continually proving new theorems for special applications. In this way the authors have succeeded in being rigorous without imposing on the reader the mass of detail that so often tends to make a rigorous demonstration tedious. Researchers and students will find this book as valuable as ever.Topological Fields Witold WieslawTopological Fields Witold WieslawIntroduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos Stephen WigginsThis introduction to applied nonlinear dynamics and chaos places emphasis on teaching the techniques and ideas that will enable students to take specific dynamical systems and obtain some quantitative information about their behavior. The new edition has been updated and extended throughout, and contains a detailed glossary of terms.From the reviews: "Will serve as one of the most eminent introductions to the geometric theory of dynamical systems." —Monatshefte für Mathematik General Topology Stephen WillardAmong the best available reference introductions to general topology, this volume is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. Its treatment encompasses two broad areas of topology: "continuous topology," represented by sections on convergence, compactness, metrization and complete metric spaces, uniform spaces, and function spaces; and "geometric topology," covered by nine sections on connectivity properties, topological characterization theorems, and homotopy theory. Many standard spaces are introduced in the related problems that accompany each section (340 exercises in all). The text's value as a reference work is enhanced by a collection of historical notes, a bibliography, and index. 1970 edition. 27 figures.General Topology Stephen WillardAmong the best available reference introductions to general topology, this volume is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. Its treatment encompasses two broad areas of topology: "continuous topology," represented by sections on convergence, compactness, metrization and complete metric spaces, uniform spaces, and function spaces; and "geometric topology," covered by nine sections on connectivity properties, topological characterization theorems, and homotopy theory. Many standard spaces are introduced in the related problems that accompany each section (340 exercises in all). The text's value as a reference work is enhanced by a collection of historical notes, a bibliography, and index. 1970 edition. 27 figures.Spaces of Constant Curvature Joseph A. WolfThis book is the sixth edition of the classic Spaces of Constant Curvature, first published in 1967, with the previous (fifth) edition published in 1984. It illustrates the high degree of interplay between group theory and geometry. The reader will benefit from the very concise treatments of riemannian and pseudo-riemannian manifolds and their curvatures, of the representation theory of finite groups, and of indications of recent progress in discrete subgroups of Lie groups. Part I is a brief introduction to differentiable manifolds, covering spaces, and riemannian and pseudo-riemannian geometry. It also contains a certain amount of introductory material on symmetry groups and space forms, indicating the direction of the later chapters. Part II is an updated treatment of euclidean space form. Part III is Wolf's classic solution to the Clifford-Klein Spherical Space Form Problem. It starts with an exposition of the representation theory of finite groups. Part IV introduces riemannian symmetric spaces and extends considerations of spherical space forms to space forms of riemannian symmetric spaces. Finally, Part V examines space form problems on pseudo-riemannian symmetric spaces. At the end of Chapter 12 there is a new appendix describing some of the recent work on discrete subgroups of Lie groups with application to space forms of pseudo-riemannian symmetric spaces. Additional references have been added to this sixth edition as well.Qualitative Theory of Differential Equations Zhang Zhi-fen, Ding Tong-ren, Huang Wen-zao, Dong Zhen-xiThis book provides an introduction to and a comprehensive study of the qualitative theory of ordinary differential equations. It begins with fundamental theorems on existence, uniqueness, and initial conditions, and discusses basic principles in dynamical systems and Poincaré-Bendixson theory. The authors present a careful analysis of solutions near critical points of linear and nonlinear planar systems and discuss indices of planar critical points. A very thorough study of limit cycles is given, including many results on quadratic systems and recent developments in China. Other topics included are: the critical point at infinity, harmonic solutions for periodic differential equations, systems of ordinary differential equations on the torus, and structural stability for systems on two-dimensional manifolds. This books is accessible to graduate students and advanced undergraduates and is also of interest to researchers in this area. Exercises are included at the end of each chapter.Finite Groups of Mapping Classes of Surfaces H. ZieschangEcuaciones Diferenciales Con Aplicaciones de Modelados Dennis ZillEcuaciones diferenciales con aplicaciones de modelado, novena edicion, logra un equilibrio razonable entre los acercamientos analiticos, cualitativos y cuantitativos al estudio de ecuaciones diferenciales. Este texto probado y accesible apoya a los estudi. |